542.) 1 Chronicles 27

1 Chronicles 27 (New Living Translation)

Military Commanders and Divisions

1This is the list of Israelite generals and captains, and their officers, who served the king by supervising the army divisions that were on duty each month of the year. Each division served for one month and had 24,000 troops.

I will illustrate the Israelite divisions with pictures and accounts of US Army divisions, for two reasons.  1)  For ten years I was an Army wife and I have untold respect for the men and women who wear the uniform of the United States military.  2) I hope these pictures and accounts will help us see all these (endless!) lists of (odd!) names as real people, with mothers and fathers who loved them, and children at home.

2 Jashobeam son of Zabdiel was commander of the first division of 24,000 troops, which was on duty during the first month. 3 He was a descendant of Perez and was in charge of all the army officers for the first month.

Big Red One.  The First Infantry Division is the oldest continuously active division in the US Army today.  The division has fought in WWI, WWII, the Vietnam War, Desert Storm, Bosnia/Kosovo, and Operation Iraqi Freedom.  During the Korean War, the division was stationed in Germany.  Since 2006, they have been stationed at Fort Riley, Kansas.


4 Dodai, a descendant of Ahoah, was commander of the second division of 24,000 troops, which was on duty during the second month. Mikloth was his chief officer.

Its current primary mission is the defense of South Korea in the initial stages of an invasion from North Korea until other American units can arrive. There are approximately 30,000 soldiers in the 2nd Infantry Division.  Unlike any other division in the Army, the 2nd Infantry Division is made up partially of Korean soldiers, called KATUSAs (ka-TWO-ses) (Korean Augmentation to US Army).


5 Benaiah son of Jehoiada the priest was commander of the third division of 24,000 troops, which was on duty during the third month. 6 This was the Benaiah who commanded David’s elite military group known as the Thirty. His son Ammizabad was his chief officer.

Members of the U.S. Army’s Third Infantry Division Governorate Support Team stationed in Baghdad, Iraq, are shown holding the “Go Discovery” banner they signed to show their support for NASA’s Return to Flight.  Based in Fort Stewart, Georgia, the Third Infantry Division was the first conventional U. S. unit to enter Baghdad during the 2003 invasion; they have now served multiple tours there.


7 Asahel, the brother of Joab, was commander of the fourth division of 24,000 troops, which was on duty during the fourth month. Asahel was succeeded by his son Zebadiah.

The 4th Infantry Division is a modular division of the United States Army  based at Fort Carson, Colorado, with four brigade combat teams.     It is a very technically advanced combat division in the U.S. Army. The division is known as the Ivy Division—a play on words of the Roman numeral IV or 4.


8 Shammah the Izrahite was commander of the fifth division of 24,000 troops, which was on duty during the fifth month.
Ira son of Ikkesh from Tekoa was commander of the sixth division of 24,000 troops, which was on duty during the sixth month.
10 Helez, a descendant of Ephraim from Pelon, was commander of the seventh division of 24,000 troops, which was on duty during the seventh month.
11 Sibbecai, a descendant of Zerah from Hushah, was commander of the eighth division of 24,000 troops, which was on duty during the eighth month.
12 Abiezer from Anathoth in the territory of Benjamin was commander of the ninth division of 24,000 troops, which was on duty during the ninth month.
13 Maharai, a descendant of Zerah from Netophah, was commander of the tenth division of 24,000 troops, which was on duty during the tenth month.

The 10th Mountain Division is a light infantry division of the United States Army based at Fort Drum, New York.  It is a subordinate unit of the XVIII Airborne Corps and the only division-sized element of the U.S. Army to specialize in fighting under harsh terrain and weather conditions. The division retains the “mountain” designation for historical purposes but is actually organized as a light infantry division.


14 Benaiah from Pirathon in Ephraim was commander of the eleventh division of 24,000 troops, which was on duty during the eleventh month.
15 Heled, a descendant of Othniel from Netophah, was commander of the twelfth division of 24,000 troops, which was on duty during the twelfth month.



“Onward, Christian Soldiers”  by organist Diane Bish and the St. Andrews Miami Bagpipe Band.


For an interesting take on the (inappropriate) use of military language from the Bible in mission work, as composed by Christian leaders in India, click HERE.  Several years ago my alma mater, Wheaton College, changed its mascot from “Crusaders” for this very reason.  (They changed it to, of all things, “Thunder,” but we will not go there!)


Leaders of the Tribes

16 The following were the tribes of Israel and their leaders:

Tribe — Leader
Reuben — Eliezer son of Zicri
Simeon — Shephatiah son of Maacah
17 Levi — Hashabiah son of Kemuel
Aaron (the priests) — Zadok
18 Judah — Elihu (a brother of David)
Issachar — Omri son of Michael
19 Zebulun — Ishmaiah son of Obadiah
Naphtali — Jeremoth son of Azriel
20 Ephraim — Hoshea son of Azaziah
Manasseh (west) — Joel son of Pedaiah
21 Manasseh in Gilead (east) — Iddo son of Zechariah
Benjamin — Jaasiel son of Abner
22Dan — Azarel son of Jeroham

These were the leaders of the tribes of Israel.

23 When David took his census, he did not count those who were younger than twenty years of age, because the Lord had promised to make the Israelites as numerous as the stars in heaven. 24 Joab son of Zeruiah began the census but never finished it because the anger of God fell on Israel. The total number was never recorded in King David’s official records.

Officials of David’s Kingdom

25 Azmaveth son of Adiel was in charge of the palace treasuries.
Jonathan son of Uzziah was in charge of the regional treasuries throughout the towns, villages, and fortresses of Israel.
26 Ezri son of Kelub was in charge of the field workers who farmed the king’s lands.
27 Shimei from Ramah was in charge of the king’s vineyards.

Zabdi from Shepham was responsible for the grapes and the supplies of wine.
28 Baal-hanan from Geder was in charge of the king’s olive groves and sycamore-fig trees in the foothills of Judah.
Joash was responsible for the supplies of olive oil.

Shitrai from Sharon was in charge of the cattle on the Sharon Plain.
Shaphat son of Adlai was responsible for the cattle in the valleys.

30 Obil the Ishmaelite was in charge of the camels.
Jehdeiah from Meronoth was in charge of the donkeys.

from Whispers of His Power,
by Amy Carmichael

1 Chronicles 27:30 — And over the asses was Jehdeiah the Meronothite.

Jehdeiah’s name meant “Union of Jah.”  I once had a letter from a man who was trying to run a big political organization in India.  He said he had sympathy with Paul, who wrote in 1 Corinthians 15:32 that he had fought with wild beasts at Ephesus, but he was quite sure it was still harder to fight with asses.

I am glad that we do not have to fight with asses, but we certainly have to look after them sometimes.  I wonder if Jehdeiah found comfort in his name?  Work like his needs patience, firmness, kindness, and these good things are not naturally in us.  John 15:5, WITHOUT ME ye can do nothing, is a word all who have to do with asses understand.  But WITH ME—that is the secret.  God in us can be patient and kind, even with poor asses.

God make all of us who have to do with asses His Jehdeiahs.

31 Jaziz the Hagrite was in charge of the king’s flocks of sheep and goats.

All these officials were overseers of King David’s property.

32 Jonathan, David’s uncle, was a wise counselor to the king, a man of great insight, and a scribe. Jehiel the Hacmonite was responsible for teaching the king’s sons. 33 Ahithophel was the royal adviser. Hushai the Arkite was the king’s friend. 34 Ahithophel was succeeded by Jehoiada son of Benaiah and by Abiathar. Joab was commander of the king’s army.

So we see that David has prepared his country with excellent leadership for both war and peace. 


New Living Translation (NLT)   Holy Bible. New Living Translation copyright© 1996, 2004, 2007 by Tyndale House Foundation. Used by permission of Tyndale House Publishers Inc., Carol Stream, Illinois 60188. All rights reserved.

Images courtesy of:
armor of God.   http://1.bp.blogspot.com/-VjVPFaL8naY/TWv4Wus1e-I/AAAAAAAAAwY/tqRBhA9e4m0/s1600/armor-of-god.jpg
First Division patch.    http://www.firstdivisionmuseum.org/images/1idhistory/patch.jpg
Second Division.    http://farm4.static.flickr.com/3217/2751194831_2595462343.jpg
Go Discovery.    http://www.nasa.gov/centers/kennedy/images/content/116319main_banner-lg.jpg
Ivy Division.    http://www.afwear.com/media/07/a20792b12cb2b39a263908_m.JPG
10th Mountain Division on patrol.    http://cdn.wn.com/pd/90/1f/39fc8c5be1ea3b93e77851e0d93c_grande.jpg
crusader.     http://winteryknight.files.wordpress.com/2010/11/screenshotaa64_crusader_tn.jpg?w=400&h=300
vineyard in Israel.    http://houston.culturemap.com/site_media/uploads/photos/2010-10-06/pic.350w_263h.jpg
olive oil.    http://2.bp.blogspot.com/_XDoiO-2seK0/Ssbn64BCKqI/AAAAAAAAENg/R2k34vw9y9I/s400/olive+oil.jpg
cattle in the Golan.    http://ferrelljenkins.files.wordpress.com/2008/06/golan_cattle305t.jpg
donkeys in Alma Park Zoo, Brisbane. By Nick Craven of York.    http://i.telegraph.co.uk/multimedia/archive/00998/donkeys_998553i.jpg
sheep and goats in Spain.     http://4.bp.blogspot.com/_0H6sAEdRAQA/TSj_ge_rBCI/AAAAAAAAApA/PnF7VHlbH_M/s1600/stopping+for+sheep+and+goats.jpg

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