1466.) Matthew 21

John 12:13 says the people of Jerusalem welcomed Jesus by waving palm branches.

Matthew 21   (NRSV)

Jesus’ Triumphal Entry into Jerusalem

When they had come near Jerusalem and had reached Bethphage, at the Mount of Olives, Jesus sent two disciples, 2saying to them, “Go into the village ahead of you, and immediately you will find a donkey tied, and a colt with her; untie them and bring them to me. 3If anyone says anything to you, just say this, ‘The Lord needs them.’ And he will send them immediately.”

4This took place to fulfill what had been spoken through the prophet, saying, 5“Tell the daughter of Zion, Look, your king is coming to you, humble, and mounted on a donkey, and on a colt, the foal of a donkey.”

6The disciples went and did as Jesus had directed them; 7they brought the donkey and the colt, and put their cloaks on them, and he sat on them. 8A very large crowd spread their cloaks on the road, and others cut branches from the trees and spread them on the road. 9The crowds that went ahead of him and that followed were shouting, “Hosanna to the Son of David! Blessed is the one who comes in the name of the Lord! Hosanna in the highest heaven!”

Psalm 24:8 (New American Standard Bible)

Who is the King of glory?
The LORD strong and mighty,
The LORD mighty in battle.

__________________________

Music:

HERE  is “Hosanna”  by Phil Driscoll, singer and trumpeter.

_________________________

“God bless him who comes in the name of the Lord” by Annie Vallotton for the Good News Bible, 1976.

10When he entered Jerusalem, the whole city was in turmoil, asking, “Who is this?”

11The crowds were saying, “This is the prophet Jesus from Nazareth in Galilee.”

Christians holding palm branches during a Palm Sunday procession on the Mount of Olives. (The Dome of the Rock mosque is in the background.)

Jesus Cleanses the Temple

12Then Jesus entered the temple and drove out all who were selling and buying in the temple, and he overturned the tables of the money changers and the seats of those who sold doves.

Barclay notes, “A pair of doves could cost as little as 4p outside the Temple and as much as 75p inside the Temple.” This is almost 20 times more expensive.

13He said to them, “It is written, ‘My house shall be called a house of prayer’; but you are making it a den of robbers.”

“Christ Driving the Money Changers from the Temple” by New Zealand artist Michael Smither, 1972 (Victoria University of Wellington Art Collection, New Zealand)

14The blind and the lame came to him in the temple, and he cured them. 15But when the chief priests and the scribes saw the amazing things that he did, and heard the children crying out in the temple, “Hosanna to the Son of David,” they became angry 16and said to him, “Do you hear what these are saying?”

Jesus said to them, “Yes; have you never read, ‘Out of the mouths of infants and nursing babies you have prepared praise for yourself’?”

17He left them, went out of the city to Bethany, and spent the night there.

Jesus Curses the Fig Tree

“Fig Tree” by Swiss painter Paul Klee (1879-1940)

18In the morning, when he returned to the city, he was hungry. 19And seeing a fig tree by the side of the road, he went to it and found nothing at all on it but leaves. Then he said to it, “May no fruit ever come from you again!” And the fig tree withered at once.

In a dramatic way, Jesus performed one of His few destructive miracles. His curse made the fig tree to wither away.

It is worth noting that the two destructive miracles of Jesus (this and the events that ended in the destruction of the herd of pigs, Matthew 8:30-32) – were not directed towards people.

20When the disciples saw it, they were amazed, saying, “How did the fig tree wither at once?”

21Jesus answered them, “Truly I tell you, if you have faith and do not doubt, not only will you do what has been done to the fig tree, but even if you say to this mountain, ‘Be lifted up and thrown into the sea,’ it will be done. 22Whatever you ask for in prayer with faith, you will receive.”

James 5:16 (New Living Translation)

The earnest prayer of a righteous person has great power and produces wonderful results.

The Authority of Jesus Questioned

23When he entered the temple, the chief priests and the elders of the people came to him as he was teaching, and said, “By what authority are you doing these things, and who gave you this authority?”

24Jesus said to them, “I will also ask you one question; if you tell me the answer, then I will also tell you by what authority I do these things. 25Did the baptism of John come from heaven, or was it of human origin?”

And they argued with one another, “If we say, ‘From heaven,’ he will say to us, ‘Why then did you not believe him?’ 26But if we say, ‘Of human origin,’ we are afraid of the crowd; for all regard John as a prophet.” 2

7So they answered Jesus, “We do not know.”

“The could not say, ‘Of men,’ for they were cowards. They would not say, ‘Of heaven,’ for they were hypocrites.”

–G. Campbell Morgan, 1863 – 1945, British evangelist, preacher, and Bible scholar

And he said to them, “Neither will I tell you by what authority I am doing these things.

The Parable of the Two Sons

a vineyard in Israel’s Hefer Valley

28“What do you think? A man had two sons; he went to the first and said, ‘Son, go and work in the vineyard today.’

29He answered, ‘I will not’; but later he changed his mind and went.

30The father went to the second and said the same; and he answered, ‘I go, sir’; but he did not go.

31Which of the two did the will of his father?”

They said, “The first.”

What matters in our lives is the doing of God’s will, not just the saying of proper religious words.

Jesus said to them, “Truly I tell you, the tax collectors and the prostitutes are going into the kingdom of God ahead of you. 32For John came to you in the way of righteousness and you did not believe him, but the tax collectors and the prostitutes believed him; and even after you saw it, you did not change your minds and believe him.

The Parable of the Wicked Tenants

33“Listen to another parable. There was a landowner who planted a vineyard, put a fence around it, dug a wine press in it, and built a watchtower. Then he leased it to tenants and went to another country. 34When the harvest time had come, he sent his slaves to the tenants to collect his produce.

35But the tenants seized his slaves and beat one, killed another, and stoned another. 36Again he sent other slaves, more than the first; and they treated them in the same way. 37Finally he sent his son to them, saying, ‘They will respect my son.’

38But when the tenants saw the son, they said to themselves, ‘This is the heir; come, let us kill him and get his inheritance.” 39So they seized him, threw him out of the vineyard, and killed him.

40Now when the owner of the vineyard comes, what will he do to those tenants?”

41They said to him, “He will put those wretches to a miserable death, and lease the vineyard to other tenants who will give him the produce at the harvest time.”

21-cornerstone

42Jesus said to them, “Have you never read in the scriptures: ‘The stone that the builders rejected has become the cornerstone; this was the Lord’s doing, and it is amazing in our eyes’?  43Therefore I tell you, the kingdom of God will be taken away from you and given to a people that produces the fruits of the kingdom. 44The one who falls on this stone will be broken to pieces; and it will crush anyone on whom it falls.”

45When the chief priests and the Pharisees heard his parables, they realized that he was speaking about them.

“Who told them so, but their own guilty consciences?”

–John Trapp

46They wanted to arrest him, but they feared the crowds, because they regarded him as a prophet.

_________________________

The New Revised Standard Version, copyright 1989 by the Division of Christian Education of the National Council of the Churches of Christ in the United States of America. Used by permission. All rights reserved.

Images courtesy of:
palm branches.  http://farm4.static.flickr.com/3151/2337320694_3616d1c9aa.jpg?v=1205670036
Vallotton.   http://www.artbible.net/3JC/-Mat-21,01-Entre_a_Jerusalem_Entry/20%20VALLOTTON%20BENI%20SOIT%20CELUI%20QUI%20VIENT.jpg
procession.  http://www.abc.net.au/reslib/200704/r135217_456181.jpg
Smither.    http://trustliveserve.files.wordpress.com/2011/11/christ-driving-the-money-changers-from-the-temple-by-michael-smithers.jpg
Klee.   http://www.poster.net/klee-paul/klee-paul-fig-tree-1188796.jpg
vineyard.   http://www.palmbayimports.com/news/recanati_menaravineyard.jpg
cornerstone.   http://ablaze.org.au/torchie/wp-content/uploads/2012/10/cornerstonejesus.gif
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