1692.) Joshua 12

Many kings in our reading today!  Currently, 44 nations in the world have monarchs as heads of state.  Jesus is the King of Kings, over (for example) King Harald V of Norway.

Joshua 12   (NRSV)

The Kings Conquered by Moses

Psalm 138:4-5 (NIV)

May all the kings of the earth praise you, O LORD,
when they hear the words of your mouth.

May they sing of the ways of the LORD,
for the glory of the LORD is great.

Now these are the kings of the land, whom the Israelites defeated, whose land they occupied beyond the Jordan toward the east, from the Wadi Arnon to Mount Hermon, with all the Arabah eastward:

2King Sihon of the Amorites who lived at Heshbon, and ruled from Aroer, which is on the edge of the Wadi Arnon, and from the middle of the valley as far as the river Jabbok, the boundary of the Ammonites, that is, half of Gilead, 3and the Arabah to the Sea of Chinneroth eastward, and in the direction of Beth-jeshimoth, to the sea of the Arabah, the Dead Sea, southward to the foot of the slopes of Pisgah;

Jesus is the King of Kings -- King Salman of Saudi Arabia.

Jesus is the King of Kings — King Salman of Saudi Arabia.

4and King Og of Bashan, one of the last of the Rephaim, who lived at Ashtaroth and at Edrei 5and ruled over Mount Hermon and Salecah and all Bashan to the boundary of the Geshurites and the Maacathites, and over half of Gilead to the boundary of King Sihon of Heshbon.

6Moses, the servant of the Lord, and the Israelites defeated them; and Moses the servant of the Lord gave their land for a possession to the Reubenites and the Gadites and the half-tribe of Manasseh.

The Kings Conquered by Joshua

Psalm 33:16-19 (NIV)

No king is saved by the size of his army;
no warrior escapes by his great strength.

A horse is a vain hope for deliverance;
despite all its great strength it cannot save.

But the eyes of the LORD are on those who fear him,
on those whose hope is in his unfailing love,

to deliver them from death
and keep them alive in famine.

7The following are the kings of the land whom Joshua and the Israelites defeated on the west side of the Jordan, from Baal-gad in the valley of Lebanon to Mount Halak, that rises toward Seir (and Joshua gave their land to the tribes of Israel as a possession according to their allotments, 8in the hill country, in the lowland, in the Arabah, in the slopes, in the wilderness, and in the Negeb, the land of the Hittites, Amorites, Canaanites, Perizzites, Hivites, and Jebusites):

Jesus is the King of Kings — King Bhumibol of Thailand.

9the king of Jericho one

the king of Ai, which is next to Bethel one

10the king of Jerusalem one

the king of Hebron one

11the king of Jarmuth one

the king of Lachish one

12the king of Eglon one

the king of Gezer one

Jesus is the King of Kings — King Letsie III of Lesotho.

13the king of Debir one

the king of Geder one

14the king of Hormah one

the king of Arad one

15the king of Libnah one

the king of Adullam one

16the king of Makkedah one

the king of Bethel one

Jesus is the King of Kings — the Sultan of Brunei.

17the king of Tappuah one

the king of Hepher one

18the king of Aphek one

the king of Lasharon one

19the king of Madon one

the king of Hazor one

20the king of Shimron-meron one

the king of Achshaph one

Jesus is the King of Kings, even over Elvis Presley, the King of Rock and Roll.

21the king of Taanach one

the king of Megiddo one

22the king of Kedesh one

the king of Jokneam in Carmel one

23the king of Dor in Naphath-dor one

the king of Goiim in Galilee, one

24the king of Tirzah one

—thirty-one kings in all.

These descriptions are also important because they make it clear that these things happened in real time, and in real space. These are not fairy tales that begin with “once upon a time,” this is history that begins with specific places and people and rulers.

As well, it was a way that Israel could forever remember the great things God had done for them. “Sometimes in the course of human experience it is good to sit down and reflect on what has been conquered by the grace of God.” (Redpath)

–David Guzik

“King of Kings and Lord of Lords” by Rex and Carlene Morache

Revelation 19:11-16 (New International Version)

The Rider on the White Horse
I saw heaven standing open and there before me was a white horse, whose rider is called Faithful and True.  With justice he judges and makes war.  His eyes are like blazing fire, and on his head are many crowns.  He has a name written on him that no one knows but he himself.  He is dressed in a robe dipped in blood, and his name is the Word of God.  The armies of heaven were following him, riding on white horses and dressed in fine linen, white and clean.  Out of his mouth comes a sharp sword with which to strike down the nations.  “He will rule them with an iron scepter.”  He treads the winepress of the fury of the wrath of God Almighty.  On his robe and on his thigh he has this name written:




HERE  is “O Worship the King!”  I love this hymn for its many names of God, its vivid imagery, its listing of many of God’s attributes.


With this portion, we finish the first half of Joshua.  It has been an account of action: of preparation (chapters 1-5) and of conquest (chapters 6-12).  Reading it as a military campaign, we can certainly see Joshua as a great commander.  But Scripture makes it clear that his wisdom came from God.  Joshua lived his life in the full obedience that Paul advised to Timothy:

1 Timothy 6:12 (NIV)

Fight the good fight of the faith. Take hold of the eternal life to which you were called when you made your good confession in the presence of many witnesses.


The New Revised Standard Version, copyright 1989 by the Division of Christian Education of the National Council of the Churches of Christ in the United States of America. Used by permission. All rights reserved.

Images courtesy of:
King of Norway.    http://www.topnews.in/files/King-Harald-Norway301.jpg
King of Saudi Arabia.    http://www.themiddleeastmagazine.com/wp-content/uploads/2015/01/saudi1-getty-v2.jpg
King of Thailand.    http://media.photobucket.com/image/king%20of%20Thailand/ashmorris/king.gif
King of Lesotho.    http://www.clubofmozambique.com/solutions1/sectionnews/data/international/Mhoje_kingletsie_photo_jpg.jpg
Sultan of Brunei.    http://i.dailymail.co.uk/i/pix/2008/08/22/article-1047990-050066E50000044D-762_224x305.jpg
Elvis Presley.    http://irom.files.wordpress.com/2009/05/elvis-presley-poster-311708.jpg
Jesus on a white horse.   https://dwellingintheword.files.wordpress.com/2010/06/12-jesus-revelation1.jpg
sword and shield.    https://dwellingintheword.files.wordpress.com/2010/06/logo3.gif

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