1830.) 1 Chronicles 24

The Levites cast lots to determine their “appointed order of ministry.”

1 Chronicles 24 (New Living Translation)

Duties of the Priests

1 This is how Aaron’s descendants, the priests, were divided into groups for service. The sons of Aaron were Nadab, Abihu, Eleazar, and Ithamar. 2But Nadab and Abihu died before their father, and they had no sons. So only Eleazar and Ithamar were left to carry on as priests.

Leviticus 10:1-2 tells the cryptic story of Aaron’s elder sons Nadab and Abihu.  They brought “unauthorized fire” before the Lord and were struck dead.

3 With the help of Zadok, who was a descendant of Eleazar, and of Ahimelech, who was a descendant of Ithamar, David divided Aaron’s descendants into groups according to their various duties. 4 Eleazar’s descendants were divided into sixteen groups and Ithamar’s into eight, for there were more family leaders among the descendants of Eleazar.

5 All tasks were assigned to the various groups by means of sacred lots so that no preference would be shown, for there were many qualified officials serving God in the sanctuary from among the descendants of both Eleazar and Ithamar. 6 Shemaiah son of Nethanel, a Levite, acted as secretary and wrote down the names and assignments in the presence of the king, the officials, Zadok the priest, Ahimelech son of Abiathar, and the family leaders of the priests and Levites. The descendants of Eleazar and Ithamar took turns casting lots.

A Russian icon shows the angel appearing to Zechariah.

All these descendants! David divides them into groups so that everyone has a fair share of the work, especially the privileged work. The Hebrew calendar is lunar, with 48 weeks, so the 24 groups rotate evenly throughout the year. Each group served two weeks a year at the Temple and the remainder of the year in their hometowns. This system was still in place during the time of Jesus; Luke 1:5-9 tells us that Zechariah was on his shift at the temple when an angel appeared to him and told him he and Elizabeth would have a son, John.

7 The first lot fell to Jehoiarib.
The second lot fell to Jedaiah.
8 The third lot fell to Harim.
The fourth lot fell to Seorim.
9 The fifth lot fell to Malkijah.
The sixth lot fell to Mijamin.
10 The seventh lot fell to Hakkoz.
The eighth lot fell to Abijah.

Zechariah was a member of the Abijah division.

11 The ninth lot fell to Jeshua.
The tenth lot fell to Shecaniah.
12 The eleventh lot fell to Eliashib.
The twelfth lot fell to Jakim.
13 The thirteenth lot fell to Huppah.
The fourteenth lot fell to Jeshebeab.
14 The fifteenth lot fell to Bilgah.
The sixteenth lot fell to Immer.
15 The seventeenth lot fell to Hezir.
The eighteenth lot fell to Happizzez.
16 The nineteenth lot fell to Pethahiah.
The twentieth lot fell to Jehezkel.
17 The twenty-first lot fell to Jakin.
The twenty-second lot fell to Gamul.
18 The twenty-third lot fell to Delaiah.
The twenty-fourth lot fell to Maaziah.

19 Each group carried out its appointed duties in the house of the Lord according to the procedures established by their ancestor Aaron in obedience to the commands of the Lord, the God of Israel.



We are commanded to love the Lord, to praise Him and honor Him.  I think of all this preparation going on in these chapters, for generations, for hundreds of years — all to teach us how to receive the Son of God!  HERE  is one of my favorite groups, the Oslo Gospel Choir, to inspire us to worship our Savior with our whole heart!  “His Name Will Shine.”

There is no salvation in any name but Jesus Christ
There is no salvation except in the name of the Lord
There is no salvation in any name but Jesus Christ
There is no salvation except in the name of the Lord

He heard my cry (He heard my cry and came to heal me)
He took my pain (He took my pain and he relieved me)
He filled my life (He filled my life and comforted me)
And his name will shine
Shine eternally

There is no salvation in any name but Jesus Christ
There is no salvation except in the name of the Lord

He came my way (He came my way and stopped to touch me)
He came to stay (He came to stay and he won’t leave me)
He made me whole (He made me whole and sanctified me)
And his name will shine
Shine eternally
Shine eternally

There is no salvation in any name but Jesus Christ
There is no salvation except in the name of the Lord
Except in the name of the Lord
There’s no salvation – Oh no
Salvation – oh there is no Salvation
In any other name
The name of Jesus Christ


Family Leaders among the Levites

20These were the other family leaders descended from Levi:

These names following are of men who were not descendants of Aaron, so they were not priests. But they were descendants of Levi, so they worked in the temple.

From the descendants of Amram, the leader was Shebuel.
From the descendants of Shebuel, the leader was Jehdeiah.
21 From the descendants of Rehabiah, the leader was Isshiah.
22 From the descendants of Izhar, the leader was Shelomith.
From the descendants of Shelomith, the leader was Jahath.
23 From the descendants of Hebron, Jeriah was the leader, Amariah was second, Jahaziel was third, and Jekameam was fourth.
24 From the descendants of Uzziel, the leader was Micah.
From the descendants of Micah, the leader was Shamir, 25 along with Isshiah, the brother of Micah.
From the descendants of Isshiah, the leader was Zechariah.
26 From the descendants of Merari, the leaders were Mahli and Mushi.
From the descendants of Jaaziah, the leader was Beno.
27 From the descendants of Merari through Jaaziah, the leaders were Beno, Shoham, Zaccur, and Ibri.
28 From the descendants of Mahli, the leader was Eleazar, though he had no sons.
29 From the descendants of Kish, the leader was Jerahmeel.
30 From the descendants of Mushi, the leaders were Mahli, Eder, and Jerimoth.

These were the descendants of Levi in their various families. 31 Like the descendants of Aaron, they were assigned to their duties by means of sacred lots, without regard to age or rank. Lots were drawn in the presence of King David, Zadok, Ahimelech, and the family leaders of the priests and the Levites.


New Living Translation (NLT)   Holy Bible. New Living Translation copyright© 1996, 2004, 2007 by Tyndale House Foundation. Used by permission of Tyndale House Publishers Inc., Carol Stream, Illinois 60188. All rights reserved.

Images courtesy of:
Levites cast lots.    https://dwellingintheword.files.wordpress.com/2011/05/levites-cast-lots1.jpg?w=450
Nadab and Abihu consumed by flames.    http://www.jewishmeltingpot.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/03/Nadab-and-Abihu.jpg
Russian icon.     http://beingbob.files.wordpress.com/2009/12/angel-annunciation_to_zechariah.jpg
banner for the tribe of Levi.    http://www.shiloh-bc.org/images/pages/N355/Tribe_of_Levi_Symbol_.jpg

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