1832.) 1 Chronicles 25

1Chron25 MusicMinistry

1 Chronicles 25 (New Living Translation)

Duties of the Musicians

David and the army commanders then appointed men from the families of Asaph, Heman, and Jeduthun to proclaim God’s messages to the accompaniment of lyres, harps, and cymbals. Here is a list of their names and their work:

Traditional Jewish music used cymbals made of brass or bronze.  Different sizes produced a higher or lower pitch.

Psalm 150:5 (English Standard Version)

Praise him with sounding cymbals;
praise him with loud clashing cymbals!

2 From the sons of Asaph, there were Zaccur, Joseph, Nethaniah, and Asarelah. They worked under the direction of their father, Asaph, who proclaimed God’s messages by the king’s orders.

Twelve psalms are attributed to Asaph (Psalm 50 and Psalms 73 through 83).

3 From the sons of Jeduthun, there were Gedaliah, Zeri, Jeshaiah, Shimei, Hashabiah, and Mattithiah, six in all. They worked under the direction of their father, Jeduthun, who proclaimed God’s messages to the accompaniment of the lyre, offering thanks and praise to the Lord.

This reconstruction of the “Silver Lyre” found in Ur (ca. 2800 BCE and now in the British Museum) illustrates the kind of lyre played in the royal courts in Abraham and Sarah’s hometown.  It was originally covered with silver plating and had inlays of jewels and ivory.

Psalm 144:9-10 (Today’s NIV)

I will sing a new song to you, my God;
on the ten-stringed lyre I will make music to you,
to the One who gives victory to kings,
who delivers his servant David.

4 From the sons of Heman, there were Bukkiah, Mattaniah, Uzziel, Shubael, Jerimoth, Hananiah, Hanani, Eliathah, Giddalti, Romamti-ezer, Joshbekashah, Mallothi, Hothir, and Mahazioth. 5 All these were the sons of Heman, the king’s seer, for God had honored him with fourteen sons and three daughters.

6 All these men were under the direction of their fathers as they made music at the house of the Lord. Their responsibilities included the playing of cymbals, harps, and lyres at the house of God.

1Chron25 harp
A harp is larger than a lyre, with more strings and a greater musical range. Often a lyre was tuned to a five-note (pentatonic) scale, while a harp was tuned to a seven note (do-re-mi) scale. Then again, the terms “harp” and “lyre” are sometimes used interchangeably.

Psalm 147:7 (King James Version)

Sing unto the LORD with thanksgiving;
sing praise upon the harp unto our God.

Asaph, Jeduthun, and Heman reported directly to the king. 7 They and their families were all trained in making music before the Lord, and each of them—288 in all—was an accomplished musician. 8 The musicians were appointed to their term of service by means of sacred lots, without regard to whether they were young or old, teacher or student.

9 The first lot fell to Joseph of the Asaph clan and twelve of his sons and relatives.
The second lot fell to Gedaliah and twelve of his sons and relatives.
10 The third lot fell to Zaccur and twelve of his sons and relatives.
11 The fourth lot fell to Zeri and twelve of his sons and relatives.
12 The fifth lot fell to Nethaniah and twelve of his sons and relatives.
13 The sixth lot fell to Bukkiah and twelve of his sons and relatives.
14 The seventh lot fell to Asarelah and twelve of his sons and relatives.
15 The eighth lot fell to Jeshaiah and twelve of his sons and relatives.
16 The ninth lot fell to Mattaniah and twelve of his sons and relatives.
17 The tenth lot fell to Shimei and twelve of his sons and relatives.
18 The eleventh lot fell to Uzziel and twelve of his sons and relatives.
19 The twelfth lot fell to Hashabiah and twelve of his sons and relatives.
20 The thirteenth lot fell to Shubael and twelve of his sons and relatives.
21 The fourteenth lot fell to Mattithiah and twelve of his sons and relatives.
22 The fifteenth lot fell to Jerimoth and twelve of his sons and relatives.
23 The sixteenth lot fell to Hananiah and twelve of his sons and relatives.
24 The seventeenth lot fell to Joshbekashah and twelve of his sons and relatives.
25 The eighteenth lot fell to Hanani and twelve of his sons and relatives.
26 The nineteenth lot fell to Mallothi and twelve of his sons and relatives.
27 The twentieth lot fell to Eliathah and twelve of his sons and relatives.
28 The twenty-first lot fell to Hothir and twelve of his sons and relatives.
29 The twenty-second lot fell to Giddalti and twelve of his sons and relatives.
30 The twenty-third lot fell to Mahazioth and twelve of his sons and relatives.
31 The twenty-fourth lot fell to Romamti-ezer and twelve of his sons and relatives.

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Music:

Today calls for harp music!  HERE  is a piece from Christ Church, Jerusalem, Israel. The title of the piece refers to the Lord: “Who Is Like You?”

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New Living Translation (NLT)   Holy Bible. New Living Translation copyright© 1996, 2004, 2007 by Tyndale House Foundation. Used by permission of Tyndale House Publishers Inc., Carol Stream, Illinois 60188. All rights reserved.

Images courtesy of:
Music Ministry.     http://firstcommunityantioch.net/yahoo_site_admin/assets/images/MusicMinistry.187205051_std.png
cymbals.    http://worship.encounterfl.com/wp-content/uploads/2010/04/cymbals.jpg
lyre.     http://www.piney.com/UrSilverLyre.jpg
harp.    http://mcmscommunity.org/wp-content/uploads/2013/03/mcms_winter_concert_Jan2013_by_MPLomanno_0013.jpg
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