2673.) 1 Timothy 6

July 31, 2019

A bright yellow sunbeam pattern on vintage paper.

1 Timothy 6   (NIV)

All who are under the yoke of slavery should consider their masters worthy of full respect, so that God’s name and our teaching may not be slandered.

These same principles apply to our occupations today. When we work hard and honor our employers, it glorifies God. But when we are bad workers and disrespectful to our supervisors, it brings shame on the name of Jesus Christ.

–David Guzik (and following notes)

Those who have believing masters should not show them disrespect just because they are fellow believers. Instead, they should serve them even better because their masters are dear to them as fellow believers and are devoted to the welfare of their slaves.

False Teachers and the Love of Money

These are the things you are to teach and insist on. 3 If anyone teaches otherwise and does not agree to the sound instruction of our Lord Jesus Christ and to godly teaching, they are conceited and understand nothing.

There are different ways that people do not consent to the truth of God’s Word.

· Some deny God’s Word.

· Some ignore God’s Word.

· Some explain away God’s Word.

· Some twist God’s Word using it as a toy to be played with in debate and disputes.

One can be surrounded by God’s truth; one can even memorize the Bible, and not have it effect the life for eternity. Curiosity or interest in God’s Word without submission to it is a grave danger.

They have an unhealthy interest in controversies and quarrels about words that result in envy, strife, malicious talk, evil suspicions and constant friction between people of corrupt mind, who have been robbed of the truth and who think that godliness is a means to financial gain.

Very commonly, Christianity is presented today on the basis of what you will gain by following Jesus: personal success and happiness, a stronger family, a more secure life. These things may be true to some degree, but we must never market the gospel as a product that will fix every life problem.

When the gospel is marketed this way, it makes for followers of Jesus who are completely unprepared for tough times. After all, if the “Jesus product” isn’t working, why not try another brand? Also, this sales approach takes the focus off Jesus Himself, and puts the focus on what He will give us. Many have their hearts set on the blessings, not the One who blesses us.

While not ignoring the blessings of following Jesus Christ, we must proclaim the need to follow Jesus because He is God, and we owe Him everything as our Creator. What is right before God, and what glorifies Him, is more important than whatever benefit we may gain. We need to see Christians who are more concerned with what glorifies God than with what benefits me.

But godliness with contentment is great gain. For we brought nothing into the world, and we can take nothing out of it.

1Tim6 uhaul-hearse

But if we have food and clothing, we will be content with that. Those who want to get rich fall into temptation and a trap and into many foolish and harmful desires that plunge people into ruin and destruction. 10 For the love of money is a root of all kinds of evil. Some people, eager for money, have wandered from the faith and pierced themselves with many griefs.

1Tim6 Love of Money

Psalm 62:10   (ESV)

If riches increase, set not your heart on them.

Final Charge to Timothy

11 But you, man of God, flee from all this, and pursue righteousness, godliness, faith, love, endurance and gentleness.

Galatians 5:22-23   (ESV)

But the fruit of the Spirit is love, joy, peace, patience, kindness, goodness, faithfulness, gentleness, self-control; against such things there is no law.

12 Fight the good fight of the faith. Take hold of the eternal life to which you were called when you made your good confession in the presence of many witnesses. 13 In the sight of God, who gives life to everything, and of Christ Jesus, who while testifying before Pontius Pilate made the good confession, I charge you 14 to keep this command without spot or blame until the appearing of our Lord Jesus Christ, 15 which God will bring about in his own time—God, the blessed and only Ruler, the King of kings and Lord of lords, 16 who alone is immortal and who lives in unapproachable light, whom no one has seen or can see. To him be honor and might forever. Amen.

17 Command those who are rich in this present world not to be arrogant nor to put their hope in wealth, which is so uncertain, but to put their hope in God, who richly provides us with everything for our enjoyment. 18 Command them to do good, to be rich in good deeds, and to be generous and willing to share. 19 In this way they will lay up treasure for themselves as a firm foundation for the coming age, so that they may take hold of the life that is truly life.

1Tim6 be Rich

Sometimes we think of the early Church as composed entirely of poor people and slaves. Here we see that even as early as this it had its wealthy members. They are not condemned for being wealthy nor told to give all their wealth away; but they are told what not to do and what to do with it.

Their riches must not make them proud. They must not think themselves better than other people because they have more money than they. Nothing in this world gives any man the right to look down on another, least of all the possession of wealth. They must not set their hopes on wealth. In the chances and the changes of life a man may be wealthy today and a pauper tomorrow; and it is folly to set one’s hopes on what can so easily be lost.

They are told that they must use their wealth to do good; that they must ever be ready to share; and that they must remember that the Christian is a member of a fellowship. And they are told that such wise use of wealth will build for them a good foundation in the world to come. 

There is a famous Jewish Rabbinic story. A man had inherited great wealth, but he was a good and a generous man. In time of famine he gave away all his wealth to help the poor. His brothers came to him and said: “Your fathers laid up treasure, and added to the treasure that they had inherited from their fathers, and are you going to waste it all?” He answered: “My fathers laid up treasure below: I have laid it up above. My fathers laid up treasure of Mammon: I have laid up treasure of souls. My fathers laid up treasure for this world: I have laid up treasure for the world to come.”

Every time we could give and do not give lessens the wealth laid up for us in the world to come; every time we give increases the riches laid up for us when this life comes to an end.

The teaching of the Christian ethic is, not that wealth is a sin, but that it is a very great responsibility. If a man’s wealth ministers to nothing but his own pride and enriches no one but himself, it becomes his ruination, because it impoverishes his soul. But if he uses it to bring help and comfort to others, in becoming poorer, he really becomes richer. In time and in eternity “it is more blessed to give than to receive.”

–William Barclay

20 Timothy, guard what has been entrusted to your care. Turn away from godless chatter and the opposing ideas of what is falsely called knowledge, 21 which some have professed and in so doing have departed from the faith.

Grace be with you all.

Paul - Signature



From verses 15 and 16 — God, the blessed and only Ruler, the King of kings and Lord of lords, who alone is immortal and who lives in unapproachable light, whom no one has seen or can see. To him be honor and might forever. Amen.

This praise just overflows from Paul’s heart as he thinks about God our Father and our Lord Jesus Christ! How it must have inspired Timothy! How grateful we are to have it teach us today! We must praise God, too — click  HERE  to join in with Chris Tomlin’s “Our God Is Greater.”


New International Version (NIV)   Holy Bible, New International Version®, NIV® Copyright © 1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica, Inc.® Used by permission. All rights reserved worldwide.
Images courtesy of:
pursue righteousness.    https://dwellingintheword.files.wordpress.com/2019/07/f2568-1timothy6-11crop.jpg
hearse and uhaul.    https://dwellingintheword.files.wordpress.com/2013/02/1tim6-uhaul-hearse.jpg
dollar bill with heart.   http://lovelogists.blogspot.com/p/short-love-stories.html
Be rich.    https://dwellingintheword.files.wordpress.com/2013/02/1tim6-be-rich.jpg

2672.) 1 Timothy 5

July 30, 2019

1Tim5 treat

1 Timothy 5   (NIV)

Widows, Elders and Slaves

Do not rebuke an older man harshly, but exhort him as if he were your father. Treat younger men as brothers, older women as mothers, and younger women as sisters, with absolute purity.

Ephesians 4:32   (KJV)

And be ye kind one to another, tenderhearted . . .

Give proper recognition to those widows who are really in need. But if a widow has children or grandchildren, these should learn first of all to put their religion into practice by caring for their own family and so repaying their parents and grandparents, for this is pleasing to God. The widow who is really in need and left all alone puts her hope in God and continues night and day to pray and to ask God for help. But the widow who lives for pleasure is dead even while she lives. Give the people these instructions, so that no one may be open to blame. Anyone who does not provide for their relatives, and especially for their own household, has denied the faith and is worse than an unbeliever.

1Tim5 Galatians

No widow may be put on the list of widows unless she is over sixty, has been faithful to her husband, 10 and is well known for her good deeds, such as bringing up children, showing hospitality, washing the feet of the Lord’s people, helping those in trouble and devoting herself to all kinds of good deeds.

11 As for younger widows, do not put them on such a list. For when their sensual desires overcome their dedication to Christ, they want to marry. 12 Thus they bring judgment on themselves, because they have broken their first pledge. 13 Besides, they get into the habit of being idle and going about from house to house. And not only do they become idlers, but also busybodies who talk nonsense, saying things they ought not to.

1Tim5 gossip

14 So I counsel younger widows to marry, to have children, to manage their homes and to give the enemy no opportunity for slander. 15 Some have in fact already turned away to follow Satan.

16 If any woman who is a believer has widows in her care, she should continue to help them and not let the church be burdened with them, so that the church can help those widows who are really in need.

17 The elders who direct the affairs of the church well are worthy of double honor, especially those whose work is preaching and teaching. 18 For Scripture says, “Do not muzzle an ox while it is treading out the grain,” and “The worker deserves his wages.” 19 Do not entertain an accusation against an elder unless it is brought by two or three witnesses. 20 But those elders who are sinning you are to reprove before everyone, so that the others may take warning. 21 I charge you, in the sight of God and Christ Jesus and the elect angels, to keep these instructions without partiality, and to do nothing out of favoritism.

Leaders who practice favoritism in the workplace have no chance to build a culture of trust.

–Robert Whipple

22 Do not be hasty in the laying on of hands, and do not share in the sins of others. Keep yourself pure.

23 Stop drinking only water, and use a little wine because of your stomach and your frequent illnesses.

Here we have a great truth which the Christian forgets at his peril, that we dare not neglect the body, for often spiritual dullness and aridity come from the simple fact that the body is tired and neglected. No machine will run well unless it is cared for; and neither will the body. We cannot do Christ’s work well unless we are physically fit to do it. There is no virtue–rather the reverse–in neglect of or contempt for the body. 

–William Barclay

24 The sins of some are obvious, reaching the place of judgment ahead of them; the sins of others trail behind them.

The evil that men do lives after them;
The good is oft interred with their bones.

–William Shakespeare, Julius Caesar, Act 3, scene ii

25 In the same way, good deeds are obvious, and even those that are not obvious cannot remain hidden forever.

Hebrews 6:10   (NLT)

For God is not unjust. He will not forget how hard you have worked for him and how you have shown your love to him by caring for other believers, as you still do.



This chapter gives instructions for how we ought to behave towards others. Over and over Scripture says we are to be loving, kind, gentle, patient, generous . . .  Click  HERE  for the Collingsworth Family and “God’s Family.”


New International Version (NIV)   Holy Bible, New International Version®, NIV® Copyright © 1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica, Inc.® Used by permission. All rights reserved worldwide.
Images courtesy of:
Brothers, mothers, sisters.    http://wallpaper4god.com/wallpapers/1-timothy-512_5482_1280x768.jpg
Galatians 6:10.    http://www.freewebs.com/sewbird/2009%20Summer%20jpg%20files/Galatians%206-10.jpg
We’re not gossiping . . .     https://dwellingintheword.files.wordpress.com/2019/07/28a49-gossipnot.jpg
Let your light so shine, David Gunter.   https://www.pinterest.com/pin/338121884493807452/

2671.) 1 Timothy 4

July 29, 2019

1Tim4 Jesus temple

1 Timothy 4   (NIV)

The Spirit clearly says that in later times some will abandon the faith and follow deceiving spirits and things taught by demons.

We find the first demonic doctrine in Genesis 3. There Satan, speaking through a serpent, taught Eve: You will not surely die. For God knows that in the day you eat of it your eyes will be opened, and you will be like God (Genesis 3:4-5). Since then, every demonic doctrine has found its way back to this root: the idea that we can be gods, and operate independently from God.

–David Guzik

Such teachings come through hypocritical liars, whose consciences have been seared as with a hot iron.

1Tim4 mask

The word “hypocrite” suggests “wearing a mask.” I think of how many leaders–spiritual and political and financial–have been disgraced because they proclaimed one thing, but behaved personally in the opposite fashion.

They forbid people to marry and order them to abstain from certain foods, which God created to be received with thanksgiving by those who believe and who know the truth. For everything God created is good, and nothing is to be rejected if it is received with thanksgiving, because it is consecrated by the word of God and prayer.

This passage (verses 6 through 10) is close–packed with practical advice, not only for Timothy, but for any servant of the Church who is charged with the duty of work and leadership:

If you point these things out to the brothers and sisters, you will be a good minister of Christ Jesus, nourished on the truths of the faith and of the good teaching that you have followed. Have nothing to do with godless myths and old wives’ tales; rather, train yourself to be godly.

Training oneself to be godly involves reading and studying the Bible, praying, meditating, witnessing to others, participating in worship and Christian fellowship. There must be exercise and effort, because we do not simply drift . . . la, la, la . . . into godliness.

For physical training is of some value, but godliness has value for all things, holding promise for both the present life and the life to come. 9 This is a trustworthy saying that deserves full acceptance. 10 That is why we labor and strive, because we have put our hope in the living God, who is the Savior of all people, and especially of those who believe.

(i) It tells us how to instruct others. The word used does not mean to issue orders but rather to advise, to suggest. It is a gentle, humble, and modest word. It means that the teacher must never dogmatically and pugnaciously lay down the law. It means that he must act rather as if he was reminding men of what they already knew or suggesting to them, not that they should learn from him, but that they should discover from their own hearts what is right. Guidance given in gentleness will always be more effective than bullying instructions laid down with force. Men may be led when they will refuse to be driven.

(ii) It tells us how to face the task of teaching. Timothy is told that he must feed his life on the words of faith. No man can give out without taking in. He who would teach must be continually learning. It is the reverse of the truth that when a man becomes a teacher he ceases to be a learner; he must daily know Jesus Christ better before he can bring him to others.

(iii) It tells us what to avoid. Timothy is to avoid profitless tales like those which old women tell to children. It is easy to get lost in side-issues and to get entangled in things which are at best embroideries. It is on the great central truths that a man must ever feed his mind and nourish his faith.

(iv) It tells us what to seek. Timothy is told that as an athlete trains his body, so the Christian must train his soul. It is not that bodily fitness is despised. The Christian faith believes that the body is the temple of the Holy Spirit. But Paul is pleading for a sense of proportion. Physical training is good, and even essential; but its use is limited. It develops. only part of a man; and it produces only results which last for so short a time, for the body passes away. Training in godliness develops the whole man in body, mind and spirit, and its results affect not only time, but eternity as well. 

(v) It shows us the basis of the whole matter. No one has ever claimed that the Christian life is an easy way; but its goal is God It is because life is lived in the presence of God and ends in his still nearer presence, that the Christian is willing to endure as he does. The greatness of the goal makes the toil worth while.

–William Barclay

11 Command and teach these things. 12 Don’t let anyone look down on you because you are young, but set an example for the believers in speech, in conduct, in love, in faith and in purity.

1Tim4 young

from Experiencing God Day-by-Day,
by Henry T. Blackaby and Richard Blackaby


Timothy was a sincere young man who earnestly desired to serve the Lord. Yet certain weaknesses in Timothy’s life hindered him from serving God confidently. Timothy was very young to be a religious leader, and apparently some doubted his abilities. Timothy had a tender nature and was sickly (1 Timothy 5:23). His was an inauspicious beginning for a young minister of the gospel in an age of persecution!

Paul urged Timothy not to allow his youthful insecurity to blunt his zeal and faithfulness in doing what God had told him. Rather than arguing with those who criticized Timothy, Paul urged him to live as an example of godliness. Paul advised Timothy to live a life that was so spotless in word, conduct, love, spirit, faith, and purity that his life could serve as a model for others in the church to follow. Timothy’s life was to be the evidence that God had called him. God looked beyond Timothy’s youth, timidity, and physical weakness and saw his sincere heart.

As you seek to follow God’s will, you may identify with Timothy. Perhaps some things about you seem to disqualify you from serving the Lord effectively. You may be sensitive because you are a new Christian or because you come from a sinful past. Perhaps you have little education or money or social status. You may have previously experienced failure in your service for God. Don’t allow this to intimidate you from following God’s will. Your area of weakness may be God’s means of demonstrating His strength (2 Corinthians 12:9). Allow God to demonstrate His call upon you by transforming your life into a model of godliness.

13 Until I come, devote yourself to the public reading of Scripture, to preaching and to teaching. 14 Do not neglect your gift, which was given you through prophecy when the body of elders laid their hands on you.

15 Be diligent in these matters; give yourself wholly to them, so that everyone may see your progress. 16 Watch your life and doctrine closely. Persevere in them, because if you do, you will save both yourself and your hearers.



I remember that when I first heard this piece by Kurt Bestor and Sam Cardon, I was moved to tears.  For all the children who have no one to help them grow into a full life, to give them love and to teach them well — Lord, have mercy.   Click  HERE  to hear the Gondwana Singers and “The Prayer of the Children.”


New International Version (NIV)   Holy Bible, New International Version®, NIV® Copyright © 1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica, Inc.® Used by permission. All rights reserved worldwide.
Images courtesy of:
Don’t let anyone think less of you.  https://dwellingintheword.files.wordpress.com/2019/07/8d8e2-1tim412.jpg
wearing a mask.    http://s3.hubimg.com/u/3840542_f496.jpg
Don’t let anyone look down on you.    https://dwellingintheword.files.wordpress.com/2019/07/93855-1timothy4.12.jpg

2670.) 1 Timothy 3

July 26, 2019

1Tim3 Church_Pillar

1 Timothy 3   (NIV)

Qualifications for Overseers and Deacons

Here is a trustworthy saying: Whoever aspires to be an overseer desires a noble task.

Only the Holy Spirit of God can make a man an elder. This is clear in Acts 20:28 — Pay careful attention to yourselves and to all the flock, in which the Holy Spirit has made you overseers, to care for the church of God, which he obtained with his own blood. The Holy Spirit lays a burden on a man’s heart to take up this important work and also equips him for it. 

–William MacDonald (and all following notes)

Now the overseer is to be above reproach, faithful to his wife, temperate, self-controlled, respectable, hospitable, able to teach, not given to drunkenness, not violent but gentle, not quarrelsome, not a lover of money. He must manage his own family well and see that his children obey him, and he must do so in a manner worthy of full respect. (If anyone does not know how to manage his own family, how can he take care of God’s church?) He must not be a recent convert, or he may become conceited and fall under the same judgment as the devil. He must also have a good reputation with outsiders, so that he will not fall into disgrace and into the devil’s trap.

1Tim3 good-leader

One does not lead by lording it over others, but by providing a good example. Qualifications include personal character, the witness of the home, teaching aptitude, and a measure of experience. These are God’s standards for any who would exercise spiritual leadership in the local church.

In the same way, deacons are to be worthy of respect, sincere, not indulging in much wine, and not pursuing dishonest gain. They must keep hold of the deep truths of the faith with a clear conscience. 10 They must first be tested; and then if there is nothing against them, let them serve as deacons.

In the New Testament, it is generally understood that a deacon is one who cares for the temporal affairs of the local church, whereas bishops (overseers) care for its spiritual life.

11 In the same way, the women are to be worthy of respect, not malicious talkers but temperate and trustworthy in everything.

There were women deacons in the early church:

Romans 16:1-2   (NIV)

I commend to you our sister Phoebe, a deacon of the church in Cenchreae. I ask you to receive her in the Lord in a way worthy of his people and to give her any help she may need from you, for she has been the benefactor of many people, including me.

12 A deacon must be faithful to his wife and must manage his children and his household well. 13 Those who have served well gain an excellent standing and great assurance in their faith in Christ Jesus.

Reasons for Paul’s Instructions

14 Although I hope to come to you soon, I am writing you these instructions so that, 15 if I am delayed, you will know how people ought to conduct themselves in God’s household . . .

1Tim3 behave-yourself

The theme of the book of 1 Timothy is set forth quite clearly in verses 14 and 15. Paul states here quite simply that there is a standard of behavior for the church of God and that he is writing to Timothy to enable him to know it.

It is not enough to say to a child who is misbehaving, “Behave yourself!” if the child does not know what is expected in the way of good behavior. He must be told first what good behavior is. 1 Timothy does this for the child of God in relation to the church of God.

. . . in God’s household, which is the church of the living God, the pillar and foundation of the truth.

16 Beyond all question, the mystery from which true godliness springs is great:

He appeared in the flesh,
was vindicated by the Spirit,
was seen by angels,
was preached among the nations,
was believed on in the world,
was taken up in glory.



The last verse tells us that the previously unknown truth concerning who Jesus is and what he does is now known, and it is marvelous and wonderful! The lines which summarize Jesus’ life sound almost like a fragment of a hymn, and remind me of one of my favorite hymns: “Christ Is Made the Sure Foundation,” sung  HERE  by the Harvard University Choir. Text: Latin, trans. John Mason Neale; Music: Henry Purcell.

1. Christ is made the sure foundation,
Christ the head and cornerstone,
chosen of the Lord and precious,
binding all the church in one;
holy Zion’s help forever,
and her confidence alone.

2. All that dedicated city,
dearly loved of God on high,
in exultant jubilation
pours perpetual melody;
God the One in Three adoring
in glad hymns eternally.

3. To this temple, where we call thee,
come, O Lord of hosts, today:
with thy wonted loving-kindness
hear thy people as they pray;
and thy fullest benediction
shed within its walls alway.

4. Here vouchsafe to all thy servants
what they ask of thee to gain,
what they gain from thee forever
with the blessed to retain,
and hereafter in thy glory
evermore with thee to reign.

5. Laud and honor to the Father,
laud and honor to the Son,
laud and honor to the Spirit,
ever Three and ever One,
One in might, and One in glory,
while unending ages run.


New International Version (NIV)   Holy Bible, New International Version®, NIV® Copyright © 1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica, Inc.® Used by permission. All rights reserved worldwide.
Images courtesy of:
the pillar and support.    http://www.foundationsforfreedom.net/References/NT/Pauline/PastRes/Church_Pillar.gif
What does a good leader look like?    https://linguaprogress.ru/events/discussion-club-february-19th/
Behave yourself.    http://image.spreadshirt.com/image-server/v1/designs/11772399,width=190,height=190/behave-yourself.png

2669.) 1 Timothy 2

July 25, 2019
"Mary comforts Eve." Crayon and pencil by Sr. Grace Remington, OCSOCopyright 2005, Sisters of the Mississippi Abbey

“Mary consoles Eve.” Crayon and pencil by Sr. Grace Remington, OCSO. Copyright 2005, Sisters of the Mississippi Abbey

1 Timothy 2   (NIV)

Instructions on Worship

I urge, then, first of all, that petitions, prayers, intercession and thanksgiving be made for all people— for kings and all those in authority, that we may live peaceful and quiet lives in all godliness and holiness.

The early church leader Tertullian explained:  “We pray for all the emperors, that God may grant them long life, a secure government, a prosperous family, vigorous troops, a faithful senate, an obedient people; that the whole world may be in peace; and that God may grant, both to Caesar and to every man, the accomplishment of their just desires.”

This is good, and pleases God our Savior, who wants all people to be saved and to come to a knowledge of the truth.

1Tim2 pray for world

So it is both our privilege and our obligation to pray for “all people” — a privilege to approach God’s throne in behalf of others, and an obligation to the sacrifice that Jesus has made for us.

For there is one God and one mediator between God and mankind, the man Christ Jesus, who gave himself as a ransom for all people. This has now been witnessed to at the proper time.

1Tim2 cross bridge

In the modern world most people think that any road leads to God, if followed sincerely or with a good heart. The Bible does not support this idea. Jesus said, in John 14:6 :  “I am the way, the truth, and the life. No one comes to the Father except through Me.” 

And David Guzik has another perspective:  Many people think that God would be unfair or narrow minded to have only one way to salvation; but the thought needs to be turned over. To say that God is unfair for this, one would have to look at Jesus dying on the cross – the spotless Son of God, came from heaven and lived humbly and died in horrific agony, both physical and spiritual – to look at Jesus on the cross and say, “Thanks God; I appreciate the gesture, but that isn’t enough. You’re going to have to do a little more than that, because that is only one way and if You are fair You will make several ways.”

And for this purpose I was appointed a herald and an apostle—I am telling the truth, I am not lying—and a true and faithful teacher of the Gentiles.

Therefore I want the men everywhere to pray, lifting up holy hands without anger or disputing. I also want the women to dress modestly, with decency and propriety, adorning themselves, not with elaborate hairstyles or gold or pearls or expensive clothes, 10 but with good deeds, appropriate for women who profess to worship God.

Mother Teresa wore a sari that cost $1 but clothed herself with good deeds done in Jesus' name.

Mother Teresa wore a sari that cost $1 but clothed herself with good deeds done in Jesus’ name.

Being overdressed is inappropriate; being expensively dressed is not a spiritual gift; the best garment is action which reflects the love of Christ.

11 A woman should learn in quietness and full submission. 12 I do not permit a woman to teach or to assume authority over a man; she must be quiet. 13 For Adam was formed first, then Eve. 14 And Adam was not the one deceived; it was the woman who was deceived and became a sinner. 15 But women will be saved through childbearing—if they continue in faith, love and holiness with propriety.

v.13 – Both Adam and Eve sinned in the Garden of Eden, and Eve clearly sinned first. Yet, the Bible never blames Eve for the fall of the human race, but always blames Adam (through one man sin entered the world, Romans 5:12).

v.14 – In the original Greek language, the verse reads she will be saved in the childbirth. This has the sense, “Even though women were deceived, and fell into transgression starting with Eve, women can be saved by the Messiah – whom a woman brought into the world.”

The summary is this: Don’t blame women for the fall of the human race; the Bible doesn’t. Instead, thank women for bringing the Messiah to us.

–David Guzik

We must not read this passage as a barrier to all women’s service within the Church, but in the light of its Jewish and its Greek background. And we must look for Paul’s permanent views in the passage where he tells us that the differences are wiped out, and that men and women, slaves and freemen, Jews and Gentiles, are all eligible to serve Christ.

–William Barclay



From An Indigo Christmas with the Nathaniel Dett Chorale, a Canadian choral group that specializes in Afrocentric music of all styles — Melissa Davis leads “Mary Had a Baby.”  You have a heart of stone if you do not enjoy this rendition!!  Click  HERE  and thank the Lord for Mary and all mothers, and for God and all earthly fathers, and for Jesus and all sons and daughters.


New International Version (NIV) Holy Bible, New International Version®, NIV® Copyright © 1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica, Inc.® Used by permission. All rights reserved worldwide.

Images courtesy of:
Mary consoles Eve.    http://lionessblog.com/2011/12/12/virgin-mary-consoles-eve/
Pray for the world.    http://25.media.tumblr.com/tumblr_lhweg0q9Xc1qf325bo1_500.jpg
God has provided the only way.    https://kingdom777.files.wordpress.com/2013/03/1tim2-cross-bridge.jpg
Mother Teresa.    https://dwellingintheword.files.wordpress.com/2019/07/ac65b-1blogmotherteresa.jpg

2668.) 1 Timothy 1

July 24, 2019

1Tim1 letter

1 Timothy 1   (NIV)

Paul, an apostle of Christ Jesus by the command of God our Savior

Paul, in his self-description, emphasized his credentials (apostle) and authority (by the commandment of God). He did this both as a personal encouragement to Timothy and so the letter could be used as a letter of reference before any erring Ephesian Christians.

It seems that 1 Timothy was written by Paul to Timothy sometime after his release from Roman imprisonment as described at the end of Acts, and written from Macedonia (1 Timothy 1:3).

Apparently, after his release (hoped for in Philemon 1:22 and Philippians 1:25-26 and Philippians 2:24), Paul returned to the city of Ephesus. There he discovered that during his absence Ephesus had become a storm center of false teaching (a sad fulfillment of the prediction he had made to the Ephesian elders in Acts 20:29-30).

Paul probably dealt with the leaders of the heresy personally, but soon found it necessary to leave for Macedonia. He then left Timothy in charge of affairs at Ephesus, as his own personal representative. He knew that Timothy had a tough job to carry out, so he hoped that this letter would both equip and encourage him in the task.

–David Guzik (and following notes)

and of Christ Jesus our hope,

To Timothy my true son in the faith:

Paul could consider Timothy a true son in the faith because he probably led him and his mother to the Lord on Paul’s first missionary journey (Acts 14:8-20 and Acts 16:1).

Timothy was a resident of Lystra, a city in the province of Galatia (Acts 16:1-3). He was the son of a Greek father (Acts 16:2) and a Jewish mother named Eunice (2 Timothy 2:5). From his youth he was taught in the Scriptures by his mother and grandmother (2 Timothy 1:5; 2 Tim 3:15).

Grace, mercy and peace from God the Father and Christ Jesus our Lord.

Timothy Charged to Oppose False Teachers

As I urged you when I went into Macedonia, stay there in Ephesus so that you may command certain people not to teach false doctrines any longer or to devote themselves to myths and endless genealogies. Such things promote controversial speculations rather than advancing God’s work—which is by faith.

Paul left the Ephesian Christians with a particular set of teachings (which he had received from Jesus and the Old Testament). He was concerned that Timothy did everything he could to make sure the Ephesians continue in that doctrine.

Paul did this because doctrine is vitally important to God. Today, what one believes — that is, their doctrine — is staggeringly unimportant to most people. This spirit of the modern age has also heavily influenced Christians. We live in a day where Pilate’s question What is truth? (John 18:38) is answered today, “Whatever it means to you.” But truth is important to God, and should be important to us. Remember that one of the pieces of the full armor of God is the belt of truth (Ephesians 6:14). Jesus said, “I am the way, the truth, and the life” (John 14:6). And we are told that “you will know the truth, and the truth will set you free” ((John 8:32).  

The goal of this command is love, which comes from a pure heart and a good conscience and a sincere faith. Some have departed from these and have turned to meaningless talk. They want to be teachers of the law, but they do not know what they are talking about or what they so confidently affirm.

1Tim1 words of my mouth

We know that the law is good if one uses it properly. We also know that the law is made not for the righteous but for lawbreakers and rebels, the ungodly and sinful, the unholy and irreligious, for those who kill their fathers or mothers, for murderers, 10 for the sexually immoral, for those practicing homosexuality, for slave traders and liars and perjurers—and for whatever else is contrary to the sound doctrine 11 that conforms to the gospel concerning the glory of the blessed God, which he entrusted to me.

Paul tells Timothy that sound doctrine and right conduct are vitally connected.

The Lord’s Grace to Paul

12 I thank Christ Jesus our Lord, who has given me strength, that he considered me trustworthy, appointing me to his service. 13 Even though I was once a blasphemer and a persecutor and a violent man, I was shown mercy because I acted in ignorance and unbelief. 14 The grace of our Lord was poured out on me abundantly, along with the faith and love that are in Christ Jesus.

We often see our Christian service as a matter of volunteering. Yet as Christians, in regard to Jesus and His church, we are not volunteers. We are slaves. We are duty bound servants of Jesus, and faithfulness is expected of such servants. You don’t have to be smart to be faithful; you don’t have to be talented or gifted. Faithfulness is something very down-to-earth, and every one of us can be faithful in the sphere God has given us.

15 Here is a trustworthy saying that deserves full acceptance: Christ Jesus came into the world to save sinners—of whom I am the worst. 16 But for that very reason I was shown mercy so that in me, the worst of sinners, Christ Jesus might display his immense patience as an example for those who would believe in him and receive eternal life. 17 Now to the King eternal, immortal, invisible, the only God, be honor and glory for ever and ever. Amen.

1Tim1 immortal invisible

The Charge to Timothy Renewed

18 Timothy, my son, I am giving you this command in keeping with the prophecies once made about you, so that by recalling them you may fight the battle well, 19 holding on to faith and a good conscience, which some have rejected and so have suffered shipwreck with regard to the faith. 20 Among them are Hymenaeus and Alexander, whom I have handed over to Satan to be taught not to blaspheme.



From verse 17:  Now to the King eternal, immortal, invisible, the only God, be honor and glory for ever and ever. Amen.

HERE is a hymn (one of my favorite hymns!) based on this verse.


New International Version (NIV) Holy Bible, New International Version®, NIV® Copyright © 1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica, Inc.® Used by permission. All rights reserved worldwide.

Images courtesy of:
Paul’s letter to the disciple.    http://40daysofstudy.files.wordpress.com/2013/01/1-timothy-1.jpg
Psalm 43:5.   https://www.pinterest.com/pin/561683384762129906/?autologin=true
Let the words of my mouth.    https://dwellingintheword.files.wordpress.com/2019/07/52164-psalm19-1428129.jpg
immortal, invisible.    http://cccooperagency.files.wordpress.com/2011/07/ss_1timothy1-17.jpg

2667.) Psalm 134

July 23, 2019

P134 ascents

Psalm 134   (NIV)

A song of ascents.

This is the last of the series of fifteen Psalms with the title, A Song of Ascents. It is a call to the priests and Levites of the temple to continue their service of praise, with the answer of a blessing from those servants to the people.

Charles Spurgeon suggested that the scene was of pilgrims departing Jerusalem in the darkness of early morning, calling out to the priests and Levites who stood watch at the temple. The pilgrims then receive the blessing spoken to them by those same servants.

–David Guzik

Praise the Lord, all you servants of the Lord
    who minister by night in the house of the Lord.

“Those who have made their way to Jerusalem to worship and have completed their devotions are now returning home, singing this song. They will not be able to worship in the temple again until their next journey. As they leave the city, they are encouraged to know that the priests will be remaining behind to represent them at the temple and so they will be worshiping God there continually.”

–James Montgomery Boice

2 Lift up your hands in the sanctuary
    and praise the Lord.

The lifting of the hands was not only the common posture of prayer among the ancient Hebrews; it was especially appropriate for praise. It displayed the anticipation of gratefully receiving from God, and the sense of surrender to Him.

–David Guzik

May the Lord bless you from Zion,

David Guzik says that Bless you uses the singular, not the plural. This is because the idea is drawn from Numbers 6:23-27, and also because God’s blessing comes to us not only as a community, but also as individuals. He loves and blesses us each one.

    he who is the Maker of heaven and earth.



HERE  is “Psalm 134” from the Psalm Project.


New International Version (NIV)   Holy Bible, New International Version®, NIV® Copyright © 1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica, Inc.® Used by permission. All rights reserved worldwide.

Images courtesy of:
going up to the temple.    https://therealyesua.blogspot.com/2016/04/passover-during-time-of-yeshua.html
verse 2.   https://www.v6de.com/photo/BumMnnaBnN2
God bless you.   https://www.printeryhouse.org/ProdPage.asp?prod=CA8123

2666.) Psalm 133

July 22, 2019

P133 unity

Psalm 133   (ESV)

When Brothers Dwell in Unity

A Song of Ascents. Of David.

The psalms with the title “A Song of Ascents” were especially relevant for pilgrims travelling together to Jerusalem to celebrate their religious festivals. “During the pilgrimages, the Jews enjoyed an ecumenical experience on their way toward and in Jerusalem. The pilgrims came from many different walks of life, regions, and tribes, as they gathered for one purpose: the worship of the Lord in Jerusalem.”

–Willem A. VanGemeren

Behold, how good and pleasant it is
    when brothers dwell in unity!

We have just read chapters and chapters of family lines and genealogies, and all of us know, either in personal experience or from stories of others, how difficult it can be to deal with family conflict. Yes, a loving, accepting, unified family is a wonderful thing!

· It is good because it reflects God’s heart and purpose of unity among His people (also described in Ephesians 1:9-10).

· It is pleasant because it makes life together as God’s people so much more enjoyable than seasons when constant bickering and conflict dominate.

–David Guzik

It is like the precious oil on the head,
    running down on the beard,
on the beard of Aaron,
    running down on the collar of his robes!

This refers to the anointing of Aaron, the high priest. The special and exclusive blend of oil (Exodus 30:22-33) was poured out extravagantly, running down his beard and onto his sacred robes. In the same way the unity of the people of God is a rich perfume making their worship pleasing to Him (Romans 15:6).  (The Reformation Bible)

“The composition of this holy anointing oil may be seen, Exodus 30:23; sweet cinnamon, sweet calamus, cassia lignea, and olive oil. The odour of this must have been very agreeable, and serves here as a metaphor to point out the exquisite excellence of brotherly love.”

–Adam Clarke

“What a sacred thing must brotherly love be when it can be likened to an oil which must never be poured on any man but on the Lord’s high-priest alone!”

–Charles Haddon Spurgeon

It is like the dew of Hermon,
    which falls on the mountains of Zion!

With its high altitude, regular precipitation and heavy dew, Mount Hermon is known for its lush greenery even during the summer. The experience of the pilgrims singing these psalms was like Hermon’s refreshing dew. From May to October virtually no rain—or even dew—falls on Jerusalem. During these months at least two pilgrimages were held.  Regardless of the harsh conditions of life in general, or of the pilgrimage in particular, the unity of God’s people was refreshing.  (The Archaeological Study Bible)

For there the Lord has commanded the blessing,
    life forevermore.

John 17:20-23  (NIV)

Jesus Prays for All Believers

“My prayer is not for them alone. I pray also for those who will believe in me through their message, that all of them may be one,Father, just as you are in me and I am in you. May they also be in us so that the world may believe that you have sent me. I have given them the glory that you gave me, that they may be one as we are one— I in them and you in me—so that they may be brought to complete unity. Then the world will know that you sent me and have loved them even as you have loved me.



HERE  is “Precious Oil (Psalm 133) by James Block. James describes his music:  “Powerful, modern worship music inspired and recorded in Jerusalem. Music that stays true to the original names and themes of scripture.”


English Standard Version (ESV)   The Holy Bible, English Standard Version Copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a division of Good News Publishers.
Images courtesy of:
Unity.    http://www.wednesdaynightservice.com/wp-content/uploads/2010/04/unity_432x3281.jpg
anointing oil.   https://i1.wp.com/gpcchurch.co.uk/wp-content/uploads/2016/08/Aaron-oil.jpg
heavy dew.   https://www.deviantart.com/999999999a/art/Heavy-dew-morning-546506690

2665.) Matthew 1

July 19, 2019

“For unto us a Child is born” by Hanna Cheriyan Varghese, Malaysia

Matthew 1   (NRSV)

The Genealogy of Jesus the Messiah



HERE  is “O Come, O Come, Emmanuel” — a haunting arrangement by the ethereal Irish singer Enya.


All these genealogies we have read in 1 Chronicles, all these names, all these people, are there for one important reason:  to lead us to this genealogy, the family line of Jesus Christ. Each father and mother and son were a link in the chain that led to the coming of the Messiah. What an honor to be in such a list! Thank you, Jesus, for becoming one of us, you who are God in flesh made manifest!

An account of the genealogy of Jesus the Messiah, the son of David, the son of Abraham.

The genealogy of Jesus is arranged in three sections based on three great stages of Jewish history, writes William Barclay. The first section takes its history down to David, the man who welded Israel into a nation and made the Jews a power in the world. We follow the story down to the rise of Israel’s greatest king:

2Abraham was the father of Isaac, and Isaac the father of Jacob, and Jacob the father of Judah and his brothers, 3and Judah the father of Perez and Zerah by Tamar, and Perez the father of Hezron, and Hezron the father of Aram, 4and Aram the father of Aminadab, and Aminadab the father of Nahshon, and Nahshon the father of Salmon, 5and Salmon the father of Boaz by Rahab, and Boaz the father of Obed by Ruth, and Obed the father of Jesse, 6and Jesse the father of King David.

The second section takes the story down to the exile to Babylon — the nation’s shame and tragedy and disaster:

And David was the father of Solomon by the wife of Uriah, 7and Solomon the father of Rehoboam, and Rehoboam the father of Abijah, and Abijah the father of Asaph, 8and Asaph the father of Jehoshaphat, and Jehoshaphat the father of Joram, and Joram the father of Uzziah, 9and Uzziah the father of Jotham, and Jotham the father of Ahaz, and Ahaz the father of Hezekiah, 10and Hezekiah the father of Manasseh, and Manasseh the father of Amos, and Amos the father of Josiah, 11and Josiah the father of Jechoniah and his brothers, at the time of the deportation to Babylon.

The third section takes the story down to Jesus Christ. Jesus liberated people from their slavery, rescued them from their disaster, and turned the tragedy into triumph:

12And after the deportation to Babylon: Jechoniah was the father of Salathiel, and Salathiel the father of Zerubbabel, 13and Zerubbabel the father of Abiud, and Abiud the father of Eliakim, and Eliakim the father of Azor, 14and Azor the father of Zadok, and Zadok the father of Achim, and Achim the father of Eliud, 15and Eliud the father of Eleazar, and Eleazar the father of Matthan, and Matthan the father of Jacob, 16and Jacob the father of Joseph the husband of Mary, of whom Jesus was born, who is called the Messiah.

17So all the generations from Abraham to David are fourteen generations; and from David to the deportation to Babylon, fourteen generations; and from the deportation to Babylon to the Messiah, fourteen generations.

“The Women in Christ’s Line” by contemporary American artist Sallie Poet (left to right: Tamar, Rahab, Ruth, Bathsheba, Mary)

Four women:

This genealogy is noted for the unusual presence of four women. Women were rarely mentioned in ancient genealogies, and the four mentioned here are worthy of special note as examples of God’s grace. They show how God can take unlikely people and use them in great ways.

  • Tamar: She sold herself as a prostitute to her father in-law Judah to bring forth Perez and Zerah (Genesis 38).
  • Rahab: She was a Gentile prostitute, for whom God took extraordinary measures to save from both judgment and her lifestyle of prostitution (Joshua 2; 6:22-23).
  • Ruth: She was from Moab, a Gentile and until her conversion, out of the covenant of Israel (Ruth 1).
  • the wife of Uriah: Bathsheba (who is mentioned by implication in Matthew 1:6) was an adulteress, infamous for her sin with David (2 Samuel 11).

These four women have an important place in the genealogy of Jesus to demonstrate that Jesus Christ was not royalty according to human perception, in the sense that He did not come from a pure aristocratic background.  They demonstrate that Jesus identifies with sinners in His genealogy, even as He will in His birth, baptism, life, and His death on the cross.   Spurgeon says, “Jesus is heir of a line in which flows the blood of the harlot Rahab, and of the rustic Ruth; he is akin to the fallen and to the lowly, and he will show his love even to the poorest and most obscure.”

–David Guzik

The Birth of Jesus the Messiah

M1 Holy_Family

18Now the birth of Jesus the Messiah took place in this way. When his mother Mary had been engaged to Joseph, but before they lived together, she was found to be with child from the Holy Spirit. 19Her husband Joseph, being a righteous man and unwilling to expose her to public disgrace, planned to dismiss her quietly.

20But just when he had resolved to do this, an angel of the Lord appeared to him in a dream and said, “Joseph, son of David, do not be afraid to take Mary as your wife, for the child conceived in her is from the Holy Spirit. 21She will bear a son, and you are to name him Jesus, for he will save his people from their sins.”

22All this took place to fulfill what had been spoken by the Lord through the prophet: 23“Look, the virgin shall conceive and bear a son, and they shall name him Emmanuel,” which means, “God is with us.”

“The greatest truth of the Scripture is that God is with us.”

–ascribed to John Wesley

24When Joseph awoke from sleep, he did as the angel of the Lord commanded him; he took her as his wife, 25but had no marital relations with her until she had borne a son; and he named him Jesus.

“St. Joseph” by Guido Reni, c. 1630 (Basilica dei Santi Giovanni e Paolo, Venice)


As his “body,” the church, through us, members of the body, the living Christ is always intruding, going where he is not necessarily wanted or expected, taking up space where people did not expect God to be.

In his earthly ministry, Jesus intruded into the homes of sinners. He showed up at a wedding and caused a scene. He came into places of death, where people hardly knew him, and brought forth unexpected life.

Maybe that is one reason people try to keep religion theoretical and spiritual. But Christianity is not a “spiritual” religion: it is an incarnational religion. It believes that God has a body, that God takes up space, that God will not remain ethereal and vague, distant and detached.

– The Rev. Barbara Lundblad



And  HERE  is “The Virgin Mary Had a Baby Boy,” sung by Kiri Te Kawana, Michael George, and the Choirs of Coventry and Litchfield Cathedrals. What a joy to celebrate the coming of Jesus, any month of the year!


The New Revised Standard Version, copyright 1989 by the Division of Christian Education of the National Council of the Churches of Christ in the United States of America. Used by permission. All rights reserved.

Images courtesy of:
Varghese.     http://pastorduncansblog.blogspot.com/2016/12/
Poet.  https://dwellingintheword.files.wordpress.com/2012/08/m-poet.jpg
olive wood Holy Family.    http://i00.i.aliimg.com/photo/v4/131605286/hand_made_olive_wood_Faceless_Holy_Family.jpg
Reni.   http://www.wga.hu/frames-e.html?/html/r/reni/2/joseph1.html

2664.) 1 Chronicles 9

July 18, 2019

Chapter 9 shows that God’s plans, which are the plans for the whole world, were focused on Israel throughout its history and are now being taken forward with the unlikely-looking remnant that returned to Jerusalem. There is a glorious future!

1 Chronicles 9 (NLT)

About these genealogies:

The point at which the genealogies end is as important for our interpretation of them as the point at which they begin.  While 1 Chr. chapters 2-8 cover generations from the twelve patriarchs into the later monarchy period, ch. 9 rounds off the genealogical introduction to Chr. with lists drawn from the post-exilic period.  The exile itself is mentioned briefly in v. 1.  It is not recorded for its own sake, however,  No stress is laid upon its magnitude as a disaster for Judah.  Rather it serves merely as a prelude to the record of those who returned from exile, following the decree of Cyrus (cf. 2 Chr. 36:22f), to “dwell again in their possessions.”

The restoration community, being the successor of the southern kingdom, consisted, broadly speaking, of the tribes of Judah and Benjamin.  There were also a number of priests and Levites, since they had always been scattered throughout the historic territory of Israel (cf. Josh. 21).  Some of these will always have been resident in Judah and Benjamin.  Others migrated there at the fall of the northern kingdom (2 Chr. 11:13).  It is for this reason that so much attention is devoted to these three tribes in the genealogies.  For practical purposes they now constitute “Israel.”

–J. G. McConville

1 So all Israel was listed in the genealogical records in The Book of the Kings of Israel.

The Returning Exiles

The people of Judah were exiled to Babylon because they were unfaithful to the Lord.

The cause of the fall of Judah was not Babylonian strength, or incompetent Israelite leadership, or unfriendly economic forces. Instead, the writer says, it was that the people were disobedient to the Lord. It was all in God’s hands, and God chose this way to get through to the people he had called to be his own.

2 The first of the exiles to return to their property in their former towns were priests, Levites, Temple servants, and other Israelites.

The Chronicler completely skips over the 70 years of captivity between verses 1 and 2. His interest is not only in the past (demonstrated by 8 previous chapters of genealogies), but also in the present and in the future. The Israelites were back in the land. No longer was there a kingdom of Judah and another kingdom of Israel; now they were all Israelites. “Called here by the general name of Israelites, which was given to them before that unhappy division of the two kingdoms, and now is restored to them when the Israelites are united with the Jews in one and the same commonwealth, so that all the names and signs of their former division might be blotted out.” (Poole)

–David Guzik

3Some of the people from the tribes of Judah, Benjamin, Ephraim, and Manasseh came and settled in Jerusalem.

4 One family that returned was that of Uthai son of Ammihud, son of Omri, son of Imri, son of Bani, a descendant of Perez son of Judah.
5 Others returned from the Shilonite clan, including Asaiah (the oldest) and his sons.
6 From the Zerahite clan, Jeuel returned with his relatives.
In all, 690 families from the tribe of Judah returned.

7 From the tribe of Benjamin came Sallu son of Meshullam, son of Hodaviah, son of Hassenuah; 8 Ibneiah son of Jeroham; Elah son of Uzzi, son of Micri; and Meshullam son of Shephatiah, son of Reuel, son of Ibnijah.
9 These men were all leaders of clans, and they were listed in their genealogical records. In all, 956 families from the tribe of Benjamin returned.

The Returning Priests

10 Among the priests who returned were Jedaiah, Jehoiarib, Jakin, 11 Azariah son of Hilkiah, son of Meshullam, son of Zadok, son of Meraioth, son of Ahitub. Azariah was the chief officer of the house of God.
12 Other returning priests were Adaiah son of Jeroham, son of Pashhur, son of Malkijah, and Maasai son of Adiel, son of Jahzerah, son of Meshullam, son of Meshillemith, son of Immer.
13In all, 1,760 priests returned. They were heads of clans and very able men. They were responsible for ministering at the house of God.

They were very able men: This same phrase is translated mighty men of valor in many other Old Testament passages (Joshua 1:14; Judges 6:12; 1 Samuel 16:18, and many others). It shows that when it came to doing the work of the service of the house of God, it takes a man of strength and courage, the same qualities that are needed in a warrior.

–David Guzik

The Returning Levites

 “When the morning broke, it called to duty first the porters who opened the House of God; and then, after due ablution, each band of white-robed Levites began its special service. There was no running to and fro in disorder, no intrusion on one another’s office, no clashing in duty, no jealousy of each other’s ministry. It was enough to know that each had been appointed to his task, and was asked to be faithful to it. The right ordering of the whole depended on the punctuality, fidelity, and conscientiousness of each.”

–F. B. Meyer

14 The Levites who returned were Shemaiah son of Hasshub, son of Azrikam, son of Hashabiah, a descendant of Merari; 15 Bakbakkar; Heresh; Galal; Mattaniah son of Mica, son of Zicri, son of Asaph; 16 Obadiah son of Shemaiah, son of Galal, son of Jeduthun; and Berekiah son of Asa, son of Elkanah, who lived in the area of Netophah.
17 The gatekeepers who returned were Shallum, Akkub, Talmon, Ahiman, and their relatives. Shallum was the chief gatekeeper. 18 Prior to this time, they were responsible for the King’s Gate on the east side. These men served as gatekeepers for the camps of the Levites. 19 Shallum was the son of Kore, a descendant of Abiasaph, from the clan of Korah. He and his relatives, the Korahites, were responsible for guarding the entrance to the sanctuary, just as their ancestors had guarded the Tabernacle in the camp of the Lord.
20 Phinehas son of Eleazar had been in charge of the gatekeepers in earlier times, and the Lord had been with him. 21And later Zechariah son of Meshelemiah was responsible for guarding the entrance to the Tabernacle.

22 In all, there were 212 gatekeepers in those days, and they were listed according to the genealogies in their villages. David and Samuel the seer had appointed their ancestors because they were reliable men. 23 These gatekeepers and their descendants, by their divisions, were responsible for guarding the entrance to the house of the Lord when that house was a tent. 24 The gatekeepers were stationed on all four sides—east, west, north, and south. 25 Their relatives in the villages came regularly to share their duties for seven-day periods.

The door of the Church of the Holy Sepulcher (the eastern church calls it the Church of the Resurrection) in Jerusalem. It, too, is carefully guarded.

26 The four chief gatekeepers, all Levites, were trusted officials, for they were responsible for the rooms and treasuries at the house of God. 27 They would spend the night around the house of God, since it was their duty to guard it and to open the gates every morning.

28 Some of the gatekeepers were assigned to care for the various articles used in worship. They checked them in and out to avoid any loss. 29 Others were responsible for the furnishings, the items in the sanctuary, and the supplies, such as choice flour, wine, olive oil, frankincense, and spices. 30 But it was the priests who blended the spices. 31 Mattithiah, a Levite and the oldest son of Shallum the Korahite, was entrusted with baking the bread used in the offerings. 32 And some members of the clan of Kohath were in charge of preparing the bread to be set on the table each Sabbath day.

Traditional challah is a rich egg bread, carefully braided, part of the Ashkenazi Jewish culture.

33 The musicians, all prominent Levites, lived at the Temple. They were exempt from other responsibilities since they were on duty at all hours.



With the return of the priests and the Levites, worship can be resumed!

“Here I Am to Worship”  sung  HERE  by Michael W. Smith.


34 All these men lived in Jerusalem. They were the heads of Levite families and were listed as prominent leaders in their genealogical records.

King Saul’s Family Tree

35 Jeiel (the father of Gibeon) lived in the town of Gibeon. His wife’s name was Maacah, 36 and his oldest son was named Abdon. Jeiel’s other sons were Zur, Kish, Baal, Ner, Nadab, 37 Gedor, Ahio, Zechariah, and Mikloth. 38 Mikloth was the father of Shimeam. All these families lived near each other in Jerusalem.
39 Ner was the father of Kish.
Kish was the father of Saul.
Saul was the father of Jonathan, Malkishua, Abinadab, and Esh-baal.
40 Jonathan was the father of Merib-baal.
Merib-baal was the father of Micah.
41 The sons of Micah were Pithon, Melech, Tahrea, and Ahaz.

Oh, not this “pithon”? (OR, Why I liked living in Florida!)

42 Ahaz was the father of Jadah.
Jadah was the father of Alemeth, Azmaveth, and Zimri.
Zimri was the father of Moza.
43 Moza was the father of Binea.
Binea’s son was Rephaiah.
Rephaiah’s son was Eleasah.
Eleasah’s son was Azel.
44 Azel had six sons, whose names were Azrikam, Bokeru, Ishmael, Sheariah, Obadiah, and Hanan. These were the sons of Azel.

Do the genealogies of Chronicles speak, therefore, to Christians today? 

Wherever the Church in modern times feels itself to be of little account in the world, to have a precarious existence, despised and without real hope, its situation is in all essential respects like that of the Chronicler’s Judah.  And in all essential respects God’s word to her is as it was then.  There is yet a glorious future for the people of God.  An abundance of blessing, strength and influence  (properly and spiritually understood) is available to them, to the extent that they truly seek their God.  And at the end stands the heavenly kingdom of Jesus Christ, an end which the Chronicler in his day could only dimly intuit through the special grandeur which he saw in David, and the Davidic shape which he gave to the hope he offered to his contemporaries.  We in our day, with an advantage even over the angels (1 Pet. 1:12), have seen that end more clearly, and it will obtain a greater clarity yet (1 Cor. 13:12).

–J. G. McConville


You made it!!

Congratulations on surviving 1 Chronicles 1-9!


New Living Translation (NLT)   Holy Bible. New Living Translation copyright© 1996, 2004, 2007 by Tyndale House Foundation. Used by permission of Tyndale House Publishers Inc., Carol Stream, Illinois 60188. All rights reserved.

Images courtesy of:
Welcome Home balloon.    https://dwellingintheword.files.wordpress.com/2011/05/welcome-home.jpg
map of the captivity of Judah.     http://www.bible-history.com/map_babylonian_captivity/map_captivity_of_judah_babylon_shg.jpg
Psalm 113 sunrise.     https://dwellingintheword.files.wordpress.com/2019/07/75409-praise_the_lord.jpg
Holy Sepulcher door.    http://farm4.static.flickr.com/3210/2342011650_84b2009d4a.jpg
challah.     http://www.cjb-rv.de/Vortraege/Berger_2019.pdf
Burmese python captured in south Florida.    https://miami.cbslocal.com/2013/01/22/27-pythons-killed-so-far-in-floridas-python-challenge/
on top of Tanalian Mountain, Alaska.     http://micahness.com/wp-content/uploads/forGallery/topOfMountain.jpg