1923.) 2 Chronicles 12

September 14, 2016

The Campaign of Shishak

2 Chronicles 12    (NLT)

Egypt Invades Judah

1 But when Rehoboam was firmly established and strong, he abandoned the Law of the Lord, and all Israel followed him in this sin.

2Chr12 follow leader

Yes, we have seen this before! First Jeroboam in the Northern Kingdom, now Rehoboam in the Southern Kingdom. Rehoboam did this when he was strong and secure. He trusted in God so long as he felt he needed Him, but he grew independent of God instead of more dependent on Him.

–David Guzik

2 Because they were unfaithful to the Lord, King Shishak of Egypt came up and attacked Jerusalem in the fifth year of King Rehoboam’s reign. 3 He came with 1,200 chariots, 60,000 horses, and a countless army of foot soldiers, including Libyans, Sukkites, and Ethiopians. 4Shishak conquered Judah’s fortified towns and then advanced to attack Jerusalem.

Shishek smiting his prisoners, from the temple of Amun at Karnak, in Egypt

“Known in Egyptian history as Sheshonk I, he was the founder of the Twenty-Second Dynasty and its most energetic Pharaoh. This particular campaign is documented by a list of conquered Palestinian cities that stands to this day carved on the wall of his temple of Amon at Karnak, Thebes.”

–David F. Payne (Senior Lecturer in Semitic Studies at Queen’s University of Belfast and Academic Dean of London Bible College)

5 The prophet Shemaiah then met with Rehoboam and Judah’s leaders, who had all fled to Jerusalem because of Shishak. Shemaiah told them, “This is what the Lord says: You have abandoned me, so I am abandoning you to Shishak.”

6 Then the leaders of Israel and the king humbled themselves and said, “The Lord is right in doing this to us!”

7 When the Lord saw their change of heart, he gave this message to Shemaiah: “Since the people have humbled themselves, I will not completely destroy them and will soon give them some relief. I will not use Shishak to pour out my anger on Jerusalem.

Psalm 78:38   (NIV)

Yet he was merciful;
he forgave their iniquities
and did not destroy them.
Time after time he restrained his anger
and did not stir up his full wrath.

8 But they will become his subjects, so they will know the difference between serving me and serving earthly rulers.”

9 So King Shishak of Egypt came up and attacked Jerusalem. He ransacked the treasuries of the Lord’s Temple and the royal palace; he stole everything, including all the gold shields (500 in all — 200 large and 300 small) Solomon had made.

Oh, how the mighty have fallen. Silver was ordinary in King Solomon’s time — “as common as stones” (2 Chronicles 9:26). That is because he had tons and tons of gold! But his son’s court had to be careful to guard the bronze.

10 King Rehoboam later replaced them with bronze shields as substitutes, and he entrusted them to the care of the commanders of the guard who protected the entrance to the royal palace. 11 Whenever the king went to the Temple of the Lord, the guards would also take the shields and then return them to the guardroom. 12 Because Rehoboam humbled himself, the Lord’s anger was turned away, and he did not destroy him completely. There were still some good things in the land of Judah.

2Ch12 righteousness

A reign in which there had been a limited measure of faithfulness is rewarded by a limited measure of blessing. The case of Rehoboam has shown particularly clearly how much the Chronicler is concerned to show that obedience and blessing, disobedience and impoverishment are closely linked. The problem for the modern reader is that this presentation of human experience neither rings true, nor is it a view uniformly taken by the Bible. The authors of Job and Psalm 73, for example, knew that there was not always a direct connection between righteousness and blessing.

Christian readers know from the New Testament that the equations of righteousness and blessing, sin and punishment are only finally worked out beyond the present life in a great universal judgment. The Chronicler did not know this. (Nor, by and large, did the other OT authors—hence the perplexity of Job and Psalm 73.) God does look for faithfulness in people, but the only righteousness that can ever be acceptable to God is that of Jesus Christ.

–J. G. McConville

Summary of Rehoboam’s Reign

13 King Rehoboam firmly established himself in Jerusalem and continued to rule. He was forty-one years old when he became king, and he reigned seventeen years in Jerusalem, the city the Lord had chosen from among all the tribes of Israel as the place to honor his name. Rehoboam’s mother was Naamah, a woman from Ammon. 14But he was an evil king, for he did not seek the Lord with all his heart.

“You see how readily Rehoboam went, first towards God, then towards idols, and then back again, towards God; he was always ready to shift and change, he wrought no great reforms in the land; we do not read that, he held a great passover, as Hezekiah did, or that the high places were taken away; but, as soon as Shishak was gone, he felt perfectly content. There was not anything real and permanent in his religion; it did not hold him. He held it sometimes, but it never held him.”

–Charles Haddon Spurgeon

15 The rest of the events of Rehoboam’s reign, from beginning to end, are recorded in The Record of Shemaiah the Prophet and The Record of Iddo the Seer, which are part of the genealogical record. Rehoboam and Jeroboam were continually at war with each other. 16 When Rehoboam died, he was buried in the City of David. Then his son Abijah became the next king.



“Simple Gifts”  performed beautifully  HERE  by Yo-Yo Ma  and Alison Krauss.

. . . by turning, turning, we come ’round right.  (Are you listening, Rehoboam? Are you listening, Self?)

‘Tis the gift to be simple, ’tis the gift to be free
‘Tis the gift to come down where we ought to be,
And when we find ourselves in the place just right,
‘Twill be in the valley of love and delight.
When true simplicity is gain’d,
To bow and bend we shan’t be asham’d,
To turn, turn will be our delight,
Till by turning, turning we come ’round right.


New Living Translation (NLT)   Holy Bible. New Living Translation copyright© 1996, 2004, 2007 by Tyndale House Foundation. Used by permission of Tyndale House Publishers Inc., Carol Stream, Illinois 60188. All rights reserved.

Images courtesy of:
map of Shishak’s campaign.    http://prophetess.lstc.edu/~rklein/images/megmap.jpg
follow the leader.    http://fc05.deviantart.net/images/i/2002/43/6/1/Follow_the_Leader.jpg
from the temple of Amun.    http://prophetess.lstc.edu/~rklein/images/megprisoner.jpg
shields of gold.    http://thebiblerevival.com/clipart/2%20chron%2012%20-%209%20he%20carried%20away%20also%20the%20shields%20of%20gold.jpg
righteousness.   https://s-media-cache-ak0.pinimg.com/236x/59/c7/05/59c705cf70a5aaf7dfdfe73aaf33195c.jpg

1922.) 1 Kings 14

September 13, 2016

“Jeroboam and Rehoboam” by Jack Pittman

1 Kings 14   (NIV)

Ahijah’s Prophecy Against Jeroboam

1 At that time Abijah son of Jeroboam became ill, 2 and Jeroboam said to his wife, “Go, disguise yourself, so you won’t be recognized as the wife of Jeroboam. Then go to Shiloh. Ahijah the prophet is there—the one who told me I would be king over this people.

Again we see that Jeroboam has no faith in his golden calves. Instead, in times of sickness and need he turns to the God of Israel. So he leads his nation to worship “gods” that he knows are false!

3 Take ten loaves of bread with you, some cakes and a jar of honey, and go to him. He will tell you what will happen to the boy.” 4 So Jeroboam’s wife did what he said and went to Ahijah’s house in Shiloh.

Now Ahijah could not see; his sight was gone because of his age. 5 But the LORD had told Ahijah, “Jeroboam’s wife is coming to ask you about her son, for he is ill, and you are to give her such and such an answer. When she arrives, she will pretend to be someone else.”

6 So when Ahijah heard the sound of her footsteps at the door, he said, “Come in, wife of Jeroboam. Why this pretense? I have been sent to you with bad news. 7 Go, tell Jeroboam that this is what the LORD, the God of Israel, says: ‘I raised you up from among the people and appointed you ruler over my people Israel. 8 I tore the kingdom away from the house of David and gave it to you, but you have not been like my servant David, who kept my commands and followed me with all his heart, doing only what was right in my eyes. 9 You have done more evil than all who lived before you. You have made for yourself other gods, idols made of metal; you have aroused my anger and turned your back on me.

10 “‘Because of this, I am going to bring disaster on the house of Jeroboam. I will cut off from Jeroboam every last male in Israel—slave or free. I will burn up the house of Jeroboam as one burns dung, until it is all gone. 11 Dogs will eat those belonging to Jeroboam who die in the city, and the birds will feed on those who die in the country. The LORD has spoken!’

We will see this prophecy fulfilled in the next chapter.

12 “As for you, go back home. When you set foot in your city, the boy will die. 13 All Israel will mourn for him and bury him. He is the only one belonging to Jeroboam who will be buried, because he is the only one in the house of Jeroboam in whom the LORD, the God of Israel, has found anything good.

We will see this prophecy fulfilled in just a few verses.

14 “The LORD will raise up for himself a king over Israel who will cut off the family of Jeroboam. Even now this is beginning to happen. 15 And the LORD will strike Israel, so that it will be like a reed swaying in the water. He will uproot Israel from this good land that he gave to their ancestors and scatter them beyond the Euphrates River, because they aroused the LORD’s anger by making Asherah poles. 16 And he will give Israel up because of the sins Jeroboam has committed and has caused Israel to commit.”

We will see this prophecy fulfilled in the book of 2 Kings.

17 Then Jeroboam’s wife got up and left and went to Tirzah. As soon as she stepped over the threshold of the house, the boy died. 18 They buried him, and all Israel mourned for him, as the LORD had said through his servant the prophet Ahijah.

“Visitation” by Mariotto Albertinelli, 1503 (Galleria degli Uffizi, Florence, Italy)

The quick fulfillment of one prophecy serves to indicate that the remaining prophecies will also come true. Another example:  The angel Gabriel comes to Mary and tells her she will bear the Son of God, and that her cousin Elizabeth is pregnant. When Mary visits Elizabeth and sees that she is no longer barren, Mary can be certain that her child is in fact the Messiah.

19 The other events of Jeroboam’s reign, his wars and how he ruled, are written in the book of the annals of the kings of Israel. 20 He reigned for twenty-two years and then rested with his ancestors. And Nadab his son succeeded him as king.

Trivia for you! A Jeroboam (pictured above) is the name for a size of wine bottle, used for Champagne and Burgundy, that holds 3 liters, which is four times the amount of a standard wine bottle. (It is also known as a Double Magnum.) A Rehoboam is slightly larger, holding 4.5 liters.

Rehoboam King of Judah

21 Rehoboam son of Solomon was king in Judah. He was forty-one years old when he became king, and he reigned seventeen years in Jerusalem, the city the LORD had chosen out of all the tribes of Israel in which to put his Name. His mother’s name was Naamah; she was an Ammonite.

22 Judah did evil in the eyes of the LORD. By the sins they committed they stirred up his jealous anger more than those who were before them had done. 23 They also set up for themselves high places, sacred stones and Asherah poles on every high hill and under every spreading tree. 24 There were even male shrine prostitutes in the land; the people engaged in all the detestable practices of the nations the LORD had driven out before the Israelites.

25 In the fifth year of King Rehoboam, Shishak king of Egypt attacked Jerusalem.

Egypt and Israel had been allies in Solomon’s day; the king had married Pharaoh’s daughter. How quickly things change!

26 He carried off the treasures of the temple of the LORD and the treasures of the royal palace. He took everything, including all the gold shields Solomon had made.

Some scholars theorize that Rehoboam gave Shishkak the treasures as a ransom to spare the city of Jerusalem. Regardless of how it happened, the treasures are now gone.

27 So King Rehoboam made bronze shields to replace them and assigned these to the commanders of the guard on duty at the entrance to the royal palace.

a bronze shield from 1200-900 BCE, recovered from the River Thames

The gold is replaced with bronze. The precious is replaced with the usual. The valuable is replaced with the ordinary.

That’s how Rehoboam did it. Now let’s see how I do it. I am too busy for personal devotions and a golden hour with the Lord, but I have time to watch an hour of television. I am too occupied to call a friend who is in a tough situation and pray with him or her to God on his golden throne, but I have time to check my email and Facebook and watch a couple things on youtube. I can’t find the energy to write that encouraging letter/make that hospital visit/volunteer for that ministry/pray for things beyond my own little world, but I can complain about how busy and stressed I am. Oh, I am pretty good at replacing gold with bronze.

28 Whenever the king went to the LORD’s temple, the guards bore the shields, and afterward they returned them to the guardroom.

29 As for the other events of Rehoboam’s reign, and all he did, are they not written in the book of the annals of the kings of Judah?

The “book of the annals of the kings” of both Israel and Judah are unknown to us now. Perhaps they were the official court records. Or perhaps they were accounts of the reigns of the various kings compiled by prophets. Clearly the writer refers to them to attest to the veracity of his report.

30 There was continual warfare between Rehoboam and Jeroboam. 31 And Rehoboam rested with his ancestors and was buried with them in the City of David. His mother’s name was Naamah; she was an Ammonite.

So the blame goes back, in part, to Solomon and his unwise marriages to foreign women.

And Abijah his son succeeded him as king.



Not a very cheerful chapter.  So let’s listen to something uplifting — a lovely and encouraging song by one of my favorite artists.  HERE  Twila Paris praises the Lord in “I Can Do All Things.” The promise is sure in Christ!


New International Version (NIV) Copyright © 1973, 1978, 1984, 2010 by Biblica

Images courtesy of:
Pittman.    http://www.jptoonist.com/portfolio/Jeroboam-Rehoboam.htm
worshiping the golden calf.     https://dwellingintheword.files.wordpress.com/2010/12/goldencalfworshipers.gif
Albertinelli.    http://www.wga.hu/art/a/albertin/visitat.jpg
Jeroboam bottle.   http://www.weimax.com/food&wine_115.htm
Egypt-Israel flags.   http://www.crossed-flag-pins.com/Friendship-Pins/Egypt/Flag-Pins-Egypt-Israel.jpg
bronze shield.    http://www.sheshen-eceni.co.uk/images/thames%20bronze%20shield%201200_900BC%20no2.jpg
Solomon and some of his wives.    https://dwellingintheword.files.wordpress.com/2010/12/solomonwives1.jpg

1921.) 1 Kings 13

September 12, 2016

“Jeroboam Offering Sacrifice for the Idol” by Jean-Honore Fragonard

1 Kings 13   (NIV)

The Man of God From Judah

1 By the word of the LORD a man of God came from Judah to Bethel, as Jeroboam was standing by the altar to make an offering. 2 By the word of the LORD he cried out against the altar: “Altar, altar! This is what the LORD says: ‘A son named Josiah will be born to the house of David. On you he will sacrifice the priests of the high places who make offerings here, and human bones will be burned on you.’” 3 That same day the man of God gave a sign: “This is the sign the LORD has declared: The altar will be split apart and the ashes on it will be poured out.”

4 When King Jeroboam heard what the man of God cried out against the altar at Bethel, he stretched out his hand from the altar and said, “Seize him!” But the hand he stretched out toward the man shriveled up, so that he could not pull it back. 5 Also, the altar was split apart and its ashes poured out according to the sign given by the man of God by the word of the LORD.

Since the prophecy of the man from Judah about the birth of Josiah would not be fulfilled for over three hundred years, God gave an immediate sign to prove his word. The altar did, in fact, split apart and the ashes were poured out, as the man had said. Such a direct rebuke to the idolatry going on at that altar! And God also struck Jeroboam for his violence against a man of God. Anyone present that day should have clearly seen the truth — including King Jeroboam!

6 Then the king said to the man of God, “Intercede with the LORD your God and pray for me that my hand may be restored.”

Funny — why didn’t Jeroboam pray to the golden calf ???

So the man of God interceded with the LORD, and the king’s hand was restored and became as it was before.

7 The king said to the man of God, “Come home with me for a meal, and I will give you a gift.”

8 But the man of God answered the king, “Even if you were to give me half your possessions, I would not go with you, nor would I eat bread or drink water here. 9 For I was commanded by the word of the LORD: ‘You must not eat bread or drink water or return by the way you came.’” 10 So he took another road and did not return by the way he had come to Bethel.

11 Now there was a certain old prophet living in Bethel, whose sons came and told him all that the man of God had done there that day. They also told their father what he had said to the king. 12 Their father asked them, “Which way did he go?” And his sons showed him which road the man of God from Judah had taken. 13 So he said to his sons, “Saddle the donkey for me.” And when they had saddled the donkey for him, he mounted it 14 and rode after the man of God. He found him sitting under an oak tree and asked, “Are you the man of God who came from Judah?”

“I am,” he replied.

15 So the prophet said to him, “Come home with me and eat.”

16 The man of God said, “I cannot turn back and go with you, nor can I eat bread or drink water with you in this place. 17 I have been told by the word of the LORD: ‘You must not eat bread or drink water there or return by the way you came.’”

18 The old prophet answered, “I too am a prophet, as you are. And an angel said to me by the word of the LORD: ‘Bring him back with you to your house so that he may eat bread and drink water.’” (But he was lying to him.)

What kind of prophet lies to another prophet?  This is just wrong, and things will go wrong . . .

19 So the man of God returned with him and ate and drank in his house.

20 While they were sitting at the table, the word of the LORD came to the old prophet who had brought him back. 21 He cried out to the man of God who had come from Judah, “This is what the LORD says: ‘You have defied the word of the LORD and have not kept the command the LORD your God gave you. 22 You came back and ate bread and drank water in the place where he told you not to eat or drink. Therefore your body will not be buried in the tomb of your ancestors.’”

Death and the wrong place for burial! It strikes me as a strict punishment for what was more a misunderstanding born out of deceit, rather than disobedience. Really, it was only some bread and water (or for Eve, an apple), for crying out loud! — Then I realize, that is exactly how I rationalize my own sins, too. Not really a “sin”  — not that big of a deal — he/she made me do it — given the circumstances I really had no other choice . . . May the Lord grant us all eyes to see what is true (and obedient) and what is false (and disobedient) in our own lives.

Psalm 119:5-7 (CEV)

I don’t ever want to stray

from your laws.

Thinking about your commands

will keep me from doing

some foolish thing.

I will do right and praise you

by learning to respect

your perfect laws.

23 When the man of God had finished eating and drinking, the prophet who had brought him back saddled his donkey for him. 24 As he went on his way, a lion met him on the road and killed him, and his body was left lying on the road, with both the donkey and the lion standing beside it. 25 Some people who passed by saw the body lying there, with the lion standing beside the body, and they went and reported it in the city where the old prophet lived.

“The Disobedient Prophet” by Benjamin West, 1793 (National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C.)

26 When the prophet who had brought him back from his journey heard of it, he said, “It is the man of God who defied the word of the LORD. The LORD has given him over to the lion, which has mauled him and killed him, as the word of the LORD had warned him.”

27 The prophet said to his sons, “Saddle the donkey for me,” and they did so. 28 Then he went out and found the body lying on the road, with the donkey and the lion standing beside it. The lion had neither eaten the body nor mauled the donkey. 29 So the prophet picked up the body of the man of God, laid it on the donkey, and brought it back to his own city to mourn for him and bury him. 30 Then he laid the body in his own tomb, and they mourned over him and said, “Alas, my brother!”

31 After burying him, he said to his sons, “When I die, bury me in the grave where the man of God is buried; lay my bones beside his bones. 32 For the message he declared by the word of the LORD against the altar in Bethel and against all the shrines on the high places in the towns of Samaria will certainly come true.”

33 Even after this, Jeroboam did not change his evil ways, but once more appointed priests for the high places from all sorts of people. Anyone who wanted to become a priest he consecrated for the high places. 34 This was the sin of the house of Jeroboam that led to its downfall and to its destruction from the face of the earth.

Jeroboam set a pattern that virtually all of the kings of the Northern Kingdom followed.  We will read over and over again:

He did evil in the eyes of the LORD, following the ways of Jeroboam and committing the same sin Jeroboam had caused Israel to commit.



Reading these chapters that show people so flagrantly disobeying the Lord inspires me to cling more tightly to Christ, to “delight in your will and walk in your ways.”  HERE  is Willie Nelson and “Where He Leads Me, I Will Follow.”

“Nelson (b. 1933 in Texas) is widely recognized as an American icon. He was inducted into the Country Music Hall of Fame in 1993, and he received the Kennedy Center Honors in 1998. In 2011, Nelson was inducted to the National Agriculture Hall of Fame for his labor in Farm Aid and other fund risers to benefit farmers. In 2015 Nelson won the Gershwin Prize, the lifetime award of the Library of Congress. He was included by Rolling Stone on its 100 Greatest Singers and 100 Greatest Guitarists lists.”



New International Version (NIV) Copyright © 1973, 1978, 1984, 2010 by Biblica

Images courtesy of:
Fragonard.   http://www.lib-art.com/imgpainting/0/7/10170-jeroboam-offering-sacrifice-for-the-jean-honore-fragonard.jpg
King Josiah.    http://www.eden.co.uk/images/300/9780758614537.jpg
apple with a bite out of it.    http://fashionbizinc.org/blog/wp-content/uploads/2009/01/apple-with-bite.jpg
West.    http://www.nga.gov/fcgi-bin/timage_f?object=62775.0&oimage=0&c=
follow the leader.   http://fc05.deviantart.net/images/i/2002/43/6/1/Follow_the_Leader.jpg

1920.) 2 Chronicles 11

September 9, 2016

King Rehoboam listens to Shemaiah (from COTTAGE PICTURES FROM THE OLD TESTAMENT, 1857).

2 Chronicles 11   (NLT)

Shemaiah’s Prophecy

We are in Chronicles — so we will hear the best interpretation of events on the family of David. We also see a closer focus on the Lord.

1When Rehoboam arrived at Jerusalem, he mobilized the men of Judah and Benjamin—180,000 select troops—to fight against Israel and to restore the kingdom to himself.

2 But the Lord said to Shemaiah, the man of God, 3 “Say to Rehoboam son of Solomon, king of Judah, and to all the Israelites in Judah and Benjamin: 4 ‘This is what the Lord says: Do not fight against your relatives. Go back home, for what has happened is my doing!’” So they obeyed the message of the Lord and did not fight against Jeroboam.

This seems amazing to me! Here is Rehoboam, having just lost the majority of his kingdom and subjects, with thousands of troops ready to fight and win it all back, and this guy whom we have not heard of before shows up and says, “God says to let it go” — and Rehoboam lets it go. 

How willing am I to listen to Jesus? How willing am I to give up my plans when I receive opposite counsel from the Lord?



HERE  is “I heard the voice of Jesus say” — with a bit of an Irish lilt.


Rehoboam Fortifies Judah

5 Rehoboam remained in Jerusalem and fortified various towns for the defense of Judah. 6 He built up Bethlehem, Etam, Tekoa, 7 Beth-zur, Soco, Adullam, 8 Gath, Mareshah, Ziph, 9 Adoraim, Lachish, Azekah, 10 Zorah, Aijalon, and Hebron. These became the fortified towns of Judah and Benjamin. 11 Rehoboam strengthened their defenses and stationed commanders in them, and he stored supplies of food, olive oil, and wine. 12He also put shields and spears in these towns as a further safety measure. So only Judah and Benjamin remained under his control.

13 But all the priests and Levites living among the northern tribes of Israel sided with Rehoboam. 14 The Levites even abandoned their pasturelands and property and moved to Judah and Jerusalem, because Jeroboam and his sons would not allow them to serve the Lord as priests. 15 Jeroboam appointed his own priests to serve at the pagan shrines, where they worshiped the goat and calf idols he had made.

Jeroboam-who-made-Israel-to-sin, as he is known throughout the remainder of Israel’s history.

16 From all the tribes of Israel, those who sincerely wanted to worship the Lord, the God of Israel, followed the Levites to Jerusalem, where they could offer sacrifices to the Lord, the God of their ancestors. 17 This strengthened the kingdom of Judah, and for three years they supported Rehoboam son of Solomon, for during those years they faithfully followed in the footsteps of David and Solomon.

So for a short time, Rehoboam was faithful to the Lord, aided by the priests and Levites and other people who moved out of the Northern Kingdom in order to resist the institution of idolatry that Jereboam had chosen. 

Rehoboam’s Family

18 Rehoboam married his cousin Mahalath, the daughter of David’s son Jerimoth and of Abihail, the daughter of Eliab son of Jesse. 19Mahalath had three sons—Jeush, Shemariah, and Zaham.

20 Later Rehoboam married another cousin, Maacah, the daughter of Absalom. Maacah gave birth to Abijah, Attai, Ziza, and Shelomith. 21 Rehoboam loved Maacah more than any of his other wives and concubines. In all, he had eighteen wives and sixty concubines, and they gave birth to twenty-eight sons and sixty daughters.

22 Rehoboam appointed Maacah’s son Abijah as leader among the princes, making it clear that he would be the next king. 23 Rehoboam also wisely gave responsibilities to his other sons and stationed some of them in the fortified towns throughout the land of Judah and Benjamin. He provided them with generous provisions, and he found many wives for them.

Rehoboam imitated his father’s practice of delegation of royal authority by means of district governors (cf. 1 Kings 4:7-19) but made these appointments from among his own sons. This policy prevented infighting among prospective successors to the throne, solidified the king’s position, guarded against coup attempts, ensured an heir for the continuation of the dynasty (since housing the princes in one location would have made it easier for a usurper to execute all rivals), and extended the influence of the royal family to outlying districts.

–note from The Archaeological Study Bible


New Living Translation (NLT)   Holy Bible. New Living Translation copyright© 1996, 2004, 2007 by Tyndale House Foundation. Used by permission of Tyndale House Publishers Inc., Carol Stream, Illinois 60188. All rights reserved.

Images courtesy of:
Rehoboam and Shemaiah.     http://cache2.asset-cache.net/xc/50701184.jpg?v=1&c=IWSAsset&k=2&d=E41C9FE5C4AA0A144ED68B622F689AFB5C1277652B6C01226CF6A11E7881C289B01E70F2B3269972
Jeroboam’s idolatry.    http://www.biblenews1.com/satan/pictures/Jeroboam.calf.jpg
many wives.    https://aos.iacpublishinglabs.com/question/aq/700px-394px/religion-allows-multiple-wives_1a01cf2d5695a005.jpg?domain=cx.aos.ask.com

1919.) 2 Chronicles 10

September 8, 2016

Israel Rebels Against Rehoboam

2 Chronicles 10   (NLT)

The Northern Tribes Revolt

Rehoboam went to Shechem, where all Israel had gathered to make him king.

Thus the Davidic dynasty continues:  David, to his son Solomon, to his son Rehoboam. It is interesting that although Solomon had 1000 wives and concubines, Rehoboam is the only son of his mentioned by name in the Bible.

2 When Jeroboam son of Nebat heard of this, he returned from Egypt, for he had fled to Egypt to escape from King Solomon. 3 The leaders of Israel summoned him, and Jeroboam and all Israel went to speak with Rehoboam. 4“Your father was a hard master,” they said. “Lighten the harsh labor demands and heavy taxes that your father imposed on us. Then we will be your loyal subjects.”

They asked for change. But sadly, not a word for change regarding all the idolatry going on under Solomon.

5 Rehoboam replied, “Come back in three days for my answer.” So the people went away.

6 Then King Rehoboam discussed the matter with the older men who had counseled his father, Solomon. “What is your advice?” he asked. “How should I answer these people?”

7 The older counselors replied, “If you are good to these people and do your best to please them and give them a favorable answer, they will always be your loyal subjects.”

8 But Rehoboam rejected the advice of the older men and instead asked the opinion of the young men who had grown up with him and were now his advisers.

Poor Rehoboam, foolish son of the wisest man on earth! Do you know foolish people like this? They consult you and you give them sensible, wise advice. But it isn’t what they wanted to hear, so they go to someone else, and someone else again — until at last they find someone who will tell them what they want to hear, which is often neither sensible nor wise. Or another angle — have I too often been the foolish person who refuses good advice?

9 “What is your advice?” he asked them. “How should I answer these people who want me to lighten the burdens imposed by my father?”

10 The young men replied, “This is what you should tell those complainers who want a lighter burden: ‘My little finger is thicker than my father’s waist! 11 Yes, my father laid heavy burdens on you, but I’m going to make them even heavier! My father beat you with whips, but I will beat you with scorpions!’”

12 Three days later Jeroboam and all the people returned to hear Rehoboam’s decision, just as the king had ordered. 13 But Rehoboam spoke harshly to them, for he rejected the advice of the older counselors 14 and followed the counsel of his younger advisers. He told the people, “My father laid heavy burdens on you, but I’m going to make them even heavier! My father beat you with whips, but I will beat you with scorpions!”

15 So the king paid no attention to the people.

Rehoboam was a fool. Ironically, his father Solomon worried about losing all he worked for under a foolish successor: Then I hated all my labor in which I had toiled under the sun, because I must leave it to the man who will come after me. And who knows whether he will be wise or a fool? Yet he will rule over all my labor in which I toiled and in which I have shown myself wise under the sun. This also is vanity. (Ecclesiastes 2:18-19)

–David  Guzik

This turn of events was the will of God, for it fulfilled the Lord’s message to Jeroboam son of Nebat through the prophet Ahijah from Shiloh.

“Notice also, dear friends, that God is in events which are produced by the sin and the stupidity of men. This breaking up of the kingdom of Solomon into two parts was the result of Solomon’s sin and Rehoboam’s folly; yet God was in it: “This thing is from me, saith the Lord.” God had nothing to do with the sin or the folly, but in some way which we can never explain, in a mysterious way in which we are to believe without hesitation, God was in it all.”

–Charles Haddon Spurgeon

16 When all Israel realized that the king had refused to listen to them, they responded,

“Down with the dynasty of David!
We have no interest in the son of Jesse.
Back to your homes, O Israel!
Look out for your own house, O David!”

So all the people of Israel returned home. 17 But Rehoboam continued to rule over the Israelites who lived in the towns of Judah.

So the United Kingdom becomes the Divided Kingdom. The larger portion, the ten tribes that seceded, are from now on known as Israel, or the Northern Kingdom. The two tribes that remain with Rehoboam are smaller in geographic area and known as the Southern Kingdom. Those two loyal tribes are Judah (the family of David-Solomon-Rehoboam) and Benjamin (the land in which the city of Jerusalem is located). Since Judah was large and Benjamin was tiny, they all end up going by the name Judah.

18 King Rehoboam sent Adoniram, who was in charge of the labor force, to restore order, but the people of Israel stoned him to death.

A costly example of the king’s immaturity and lack of understanding.

When this news reached King Rehoboam, he quickly jumped into his chariot and fled to Jerusalem. 19 And to this day the northern tribes of Israel have refused to be ruled by a descendant of David.



What a foolish man, Rehoboam! And to go with today’s foolishness,  HERE  is “My Foolish Heart,” written in 1949, and sung by Tony Bennett with accompaniment by Bill Evans.

“There’s a line between love and fascination . . . “


New Living Translation (NLT)   Holy Bible. New Living Translation copyright© 1996, 2004, 2007 by Tyndale House Foundation. Used by permission of Tyndale House Publishers Inc., Carol Stream, Illinois 60188. All rights reserved.

Images courtesy of:
Israel rebels.    https://dwellingintheword.files.wordpress.com/2011/06/rehoboam.jpg?w=450
King David, stained glass.    http://hiddenarchaeology.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/12/Screen-Shot-2014-12-20-at-10.20.27-PM.png
fool.     http://www.zelzee.com/wp-content/uploads/2009/04/april-fool.jpg
Romans 8:28.  https://dwellingintheword.files.wordpress.com/2011/06/romans8-28-bible-quote.jpg
map of Israel and Judah.     http://www.preceptaustin.org/IsraelJudah775BCE.jpg

1918.) 1 Kings 12

September 7, 2016

After Solomon’s death, the northern tribes revolt and form the Northern Kingdom.  Since they were larger, they kept the name Israel.  The Southern Kingdom, with only two tribes, went by the name of the larger tribe, Judah.  This map shows the Divided Kingdom and the surrounding nations.

1 Kings 12   (NIV)

Israel Rebels Against Rehoboam

1 Rehoboam went to Shechem, for all Israel (that is, the entire kingdom, all twelve tribes) had gone there to make him king. 2 When Jeroboam son of Nebat heard this (he was still in Egypt, where he had fled from King Solomon), he returned from Egypt. 3 So they sent for Jeroboam, and he and the whole assembly of Israel went to Rehoboam and said to him: 4 “Your father put a heavy yoke on us, but now lighten the harsh labor and the heavy yoke he put on us, and we will serve you.”

5 Rehoboam answered, “Go away for three days and then come back to me.” So the people went away.

The negotiation at Shechem:

Although prophets, acting on instructions from God, might anoint individuals as kings, the authority of any persons so anointed had to be publicly acclaimed by those over whom they ruled, as in the case of Saul (1 Samuel 11:14-15), David over Judah (2 Sam. 2:4-7), David over all the tribes (2 Sam. 5:1-5), and Solomon (1 Kings 1:39-40). The northern tribes were ready to acclaim Rehoboam as their king, but only if he agreed to certain general conditions. The text has a clear critical slant, and makes Rehoboam look foolish, thereby justifying the establishment of the Northern Kingdom.

–Ziony Zevit, The Jewish Study Bible

6 Then King Rehoboam consulted the elders who had served his father Solomon during his lifetime. “How would you advise me to answer these people?” he asked.

7 They replied, “If today you will be a servant to these people and serve them and give them a favorable answer, they will always be your servants.”

1K12 board_meeting

Off to a good start!  Rehoboam goes first to his father’s wise men in the conference room, and they give him sound advice. But . . .

8 But Rehoboam rejected the advice the elders gave him.

Men drinking in a bar

. . . then he goes out for pizza and beer with his buds. Guess which advice will appeal to our young Rehoboam.

Then he consulted the young men who had grown up with him and were serving him. 9 He asked them, “What is your advice? How should we answer these people who say to me, ‘Lighten the yoke your father put on us’?”

10 The young men who had grown up with him replied, “These people have said to you, ‘Your father put a heavy yoke on us, but make our yoke lighter.’ Now tell them, ‘My little finger is thicker than my father’s waist. 11 My father laid on you a heavy yoke; I will make it even heavier. My father scourged you with whips; I will scourge you with scorpions.’”

12 Three days later Jeroboam and all the people returned to Rehoboam, as the king had said, “Come back to me in three days.” 13 The king answered the people harshly. Rejecting the advice given him by the elders, 14 he followed the advice of the young men and said, “My father made your yoke heavy; I will make it even heavier. My father scourged you with whips; I will scourge you with scorpions.” 15 So the king did not listen to the people, for this turn of events was from the LORD, to fulfill the word the LORD had spoken to Jeroboam son of Nebat through Ahijah the Shilonite.

16 When all Israel (that is, the northern ten tribes only) saw that the king refused to listen to them, they answered the king:

“What share do we have in David,
what part in Jesse’s son?
To your tents, Israel!
Look after your own house, David!”

Here’s how The Message has this verse:

When all Israel realized that the king hadn’t listened to a word they’d said, they stood up to him and said,
Get lost, David! We’ve had it with you, son of Jesse! Let’s get out of here, Israel, and fast! From now on, David, mind your own business.

So the Israelites went home. 17 But as for the Israelites who were living in the towns of Judah, Rehoboam still ruled over them.

Rehoboam says — “I’ll do it my way!’
We could ask — “How’s that working for you?!”

18 King Rehoboam sent out Adoniram, who was in charge of forced labor, but all Israel stoned him to death. King Rehoboam, however, managed to get into his chariot and escape to Jerusalem. 19 So Israel has been in rebellion against the house of David to this day.

20 When all the Israelites heard that Jeroboam had returned, they sent and called him to the assembly and made him king over all Israel. Only the tribe of Judah remained loyal to the house of David.

It looks as if Jeroboam got the better deal — more land and more people. BUT (and this is hugely important!) Rehoboam has the Temple in Jerusalem, the center of Jewish life. It will stand the Southern Kingdom in good stead for several centuries.


We come to the idea of leadership again.

Rehoboam shows himself a poor leader by not taking the good advice he was given by people who knew both him and the situation very well. And Jeroboam sets up a way to keep his kingdom in good shape in the short term, while losing its true direction in the long term. Think of how many times you have seen these very same mistakes in leaders, both in the church and in the world. Christ showed us the best way to lead:  by doing the Father’s will, by being a true servant, by giving His life for others.

21 When Rehoboam arrived in Jerusalem, he mustered all Judah and the tribe of Benjamin—a hundred and eighty thousand able young men—to go to war against Israel and to regain the kingdom for Rehoboam son of Solomon.

22 But this word of God came to Shemaiah the man of God: 23 “Say to Rehoboam son of Solomon king of Judah, to all Judah and Benjamin, and to the rest of the people, 24 ‘This is what the LORD says: Do not go up to fight against your brothers, the Israelites. Go home, every one of you, for this is my doing.’” So they obeyed the word of the LORD and went home again, as the LORD had ordered.

Golden Calves at Bethel and Dan

1K12 map NK

King Jeroboam sets up two idols in the Kingdom of Israel, one far north in Dan, the other far south in Bethel.

25 Then Jeroboam fortified Shechem in the hill country of Ephraim and lived there. From there he went out and built up Peniel.

26 Jeroboam thought to himself, “The kingdom will now likely revert to the house of David. 27 If these people go up to offer sacrifices at the temple of the LORD in Jerusalem, they will again give their allegiance to their lord, Rehoboam king of Judah. They will kill me and return to King Rehoboam.”

28 After seeking advice, the king made two golden calves. He said to the people, “It is too much for you to go up to Jerusalem. Here are your gods, Israel, who brought you up out of Egypt.” 29 One he set up in Bethel, and the other in Dan. 30 And this thing became a sin; the people came to worship the one at Bethel and went as far as Dan to worship the other.

Holy cow!!  Choices and convenience for the people of Israel!

31 Jeroboam built shrines on high places and appointed priests from all sorts of people, even though they were not Levites. 32 He instituted a festival on the fifteenth day of the eighth month, like the festival held in Judah, and offered sacrifices on the altar. This he did in Bethel, sacrificing to the calves he had made. And at Bethel he also installed priests at the high places he had made. 33 On the fifteenth day of the eighth month, a month of his own choosing, he offered sacrifices on the altar he had built at Bethel. So he instituted the festival for the Israelites and went up to the altar to make offerings.

Such a telling phrase — “a month of his own choosing”:  To think that we can determine what is right in God’s eyes!

From the book Habits of the Heart:  Individualism and Commitment in American Life, by Robert N. Bellah, et al :

Sheila Larson is a young nurse who has received a good deal of therapy and describes her faith as “Sheilaism.” This suggests the logical possibility of more than 235 million American religions, one for each of us. “I believe in God,” Sheila says. “I am not a religious fanatic. [Notice at once that in our culture any strong statement of belief seems to imply fanaticism so you have to offset that.] I can’t remember the last time I went to church. My faith has carried me a long way. It’s Sheilaism. Just my own little voice.” Sheila’s faith has some tenets beyond belief in God, though not many. In defining what she calls “my own Sheilaism,” she said: “It’s just try to love yourself and be gentle with yourself. You know, I guess, take care of each other. I think God would want us to take care of each other.”

This reminds me of that infamous verse in Judges:  “Everyone did what was right in his own eyes.” You know this strategy will not have a happy ending, for Jeroboam or for the Sheilas of the world. Praise God that while we are wandering, he seeks us out!



HERE  is a better way than the ones chosen by Rehoboam, Jeroboam, the Israelites who worshiped the golden calves, Shiela, etc. “O Love that Will Not Let Me Go”  by Indelible Grace. I have read that this was the favorite hymn of Oswald Chambers (author of My Utmost for His Highest).


New International Version (NIV) Copyright © 1973, 1978, 1984, 2010 by Biblica

Images courtesy of:
map of the Divided Kingdom.    http://www.solarnavigator.net/geography/geography_images/Middle_East_Levant_map.png
crown.   http://halloweenmart.com/media/core/JA15694_HAT_FULL_KING_CROWN.jpg
Corona Typewriter Company board meeting, 1912.   http://www.typewritermuseum.org/_ills-library/_photos/_arc/corona_board_meeting_1912.jpg
guys drinking.   http://www.jclimonow.com/uploads/4/8/1/2/48123893/2977621_orig.jpg
leadership.    http://buy-expo.com/wp-content/uploads/2009/12/Leadership-and-Business-Quotes1.jpg
map of Northern Kingdom.   http://www.rapturechrist.com/mapisrael3g.gif
“Holy Cow!”  Photograph by John Lund.     http://www.johnlund.com/ArticleImages/Artcl15-cows/holycow2cp.jpg
My Way Way.    http://www.schteingart.com/MyWay.jpg

1917.) 1 Kings 11

September 6, 2016

“The Idolatry of Solomon” by Frans Francken II, 1622 (Getty Museum)

1 Kings 11   (NIV)

Solomon’s Wives

We are back in the Old Testament and at a critical time. David’s son King Solomon is finessing his legacy before his death, and it is not a pretty sight. Because of his unfaithfulness, there will soon be calamitous change for the nation of Israel.

1 King Solomon, however, loved many foreign women besides Pharaoh’s daughter—Moabites, Ammonites, Edomites, Sidonians and Hittites. 2 They were from nations about which the LORD had told the Israelites, “You must not intermarry with them, because they will surely turn your hearts after their gods.” Nevertheless, Solomon held fast to them in love. 3 He had seven hundred wives of royal birth and three hundred concubines, and his wives led him astray.

Deuteronomy 17:17 (New Living Translation)

The king must not take many wives for himself, because they will turn his heart away from the Lord.

Solomon Sore Lips
by Calvin Miller

King Solomon of Israel
Had seven hundred wondrous wives,
And when he kissed them all good night
He puckered seven hundred times.

Although he kissed them at the rate
Of two-o-three-point-five per hour,
It still took three-point-four long hours—
Before his last wife was in bed,
And Solomon was nearly dead,
Overwhelmed by halitosis,
Lip-fatigued by puckerosis!

When Solomon first married them
He really didn’t have a clue
(Although it made an awful racket
When the great horde said, “I do!”)
All seven hundred nagging wives
Meant just as many pairs of jaws
And several million gripes and groans
And quite a lot of mom-in-laws!

At first he kissed frenetically,
But soon just alphabetically.
He’d kiss his way from Abigail
To Zelpha of Judea,
Taking two ten-minute breaks
At Bilpah and at Leah.

He mostly hated Thursdays,
For that was “concu-night.”
That night besides his hordes of brides
He had to kiss the concubines.
While “concues” were less favored,
He owned two hundred fifty-one,

So kissing them required an hour
If he kissed them on the run.

As Solomon grew very old,
He left his alphabet technique
And tried a different way to go
That he believed was quite unique.
And started with the ugliest
(To get the worst out of the way).
Then he kissed the sick ones
(Who had been in bed all day).
And then he kissed the ones with colds
And those with nasal hair,
Smooching rapidly along
Until he gladly reached the fair.

But kissing all the wives goodnight
Gave Solomon his greatest strain:
He kissed and kissed and kissed and kissed
Until his whole mouth felt the pain!

Each evening when his job was done,
Somewhere near three o’clock a.m.,
He always went straight to his bed,
Because he had to wake at five
To kiss them all good morn again.

I’ve heard that when he finally died
And went up to his home on high,
His welcome wasn’t quite divine;
It made a chill run down his spine
To see a thousand concubines,
Standing puckered in a line.
He cried, “I’m doomed, alas, poor me!
I wish I’d married sensibly!”

4 As Solomon grew old, his wives turned his heart after other gods, and his heart was not fully devoted to the LORD his God, as the heart of David his father had been. 5 He followed Ashtoreth the goddess of the Sidonians, and Molek the detestable god of the Ammonites. 6 So Solomon did evil in the eyes of the LORD; he did not follow the LORD completely, as David his father had done.

7 On a hill east of Jerusalem, Solomon built a high place for Chemosh the detestable god of Moab, and for Molek the detestable god of the Ammonites. 8 He did the same for all his foreign wives, who burned incense and offered sacrifices to their gods.

“Solomon Sacrifices to Idols” by Sebastien Bourdon (The Louvre, Paris)

9 The LORD became angry with Solomon because his heart had turned away from the LORD, the God of Israel, who had appeared to him twice. 10 Although he had forbidden Solomon to follow other gods, Solomon did not keep the LORD’s command. 11 So the LORD said to Solomon, “Since this is your attitude and you have not kept my covenant and my decrees, which I commanded you, I will most certainly tear the kingdom away from you and give it to one of your subordinates. 12 Nevertheless, for the sake of David your father, I will not do it during your lifetime. I will tear it out of the hand of your son. 13 Yet I will not tear the whole kingdom from him, but will give him one tribe for the sake of David my servant and for the sake of Jerusalem, which I have chosen.”

1K11 one tribe

God promised the entire kingdom of Israel to the descendants of David forever, if they only remained obedient. David reminded Solomon of this promise shortly before his death (1 Kings 2:4). Yet they could not remain faithful even one generation.

–David Guzik



HERE  is “Find Us Faithful”  by Steve Green.


Solomon’s Adversaries

Two foreign adversaries . . .

14 Then the LORD raised up against Solomon an adversary,

In 1 Kings 5:4, Solomon says to King Hiram, who is helping him build the temple, “But now the LORD my God has given me rest on every side, and there is no adversary or disaster.” Yet here we read, “the LORD raised up an adversary.”  God will try various methods to get our attention when we stray away from his ways.  Heavenly Father, help us follow you in all things.

Hadad the Edomite, from the royal line of Edom. 15 Earlier when David was fighting with Edom, Joab the commander of the army, who had gone up to bury the dead, had struck down all the men in Edom. 16 Joab and all the Israelites stayed there for six months, until they had destroyed all the men in Edom. 17 But Hadad, still only a boy, fled to Egypt with some Edomite officials who had served his father. 18 They set out from Midian and went to Paran. Then taking people from Paran with them, they went to Egypt, to Pharaoh king of Egypt, who gave Hadad a house and land and provided him with food.

19 Pharaoh was so pleased with Hadad that he gave him a sister of his own wife, Queen Tahpenes, in marriage. 20 The sister of Tahpenes bore him a son named Genubath, whom Tahpenes brought up in the royal palace. There Genubath lived with Pharaoh’s own children.

21 While he was in Egypt, Hadad heard that David rested with his ancestors and that Joab the commander of the army was also dead. Then Hadad said to Pharaoh, “Let me go, that I may return to my own country.”

22 “What have you lacked here that you want to go back to your own country?” Pharaoh asked.

“Nothing,” Hadad replied, “but do let me go!”

23 And God raised up against Solomon another adversary, Rezon son of Eliada, who had fled from his master, Hadadezer king of Zobah. 24 When David destroyed Zobah’s army, Rezon gathered a band of men around him and became their leader; they went to Damascus, where they settled and took control. 25 Rezon was Israel’s adversary as long as Solomon lived, adding to the trouble caused by Hadad. So Rezon ruled in Aram and was hostile toward Israel.

Jeroboam Rebels Against Solomon

. . . and an Israelite adversary.

26 Also, Jeroboam son of Nebat rebelled against the king. He was one of Solomon’s officials, an Ephraimite from Zeredah, and his mother was a widow named Zeruah.

27 Here is the account of how he rebelled against the king: Solomon had built the terraces and had filled in the gap in the wall of the city of David his father. 28 Now Jeroboam was a man of standing, and when Solomon saw how well the young man did his work, he put him in charge of the whole labor force of the tribes of Joseph.

29 About that time Jeroboam was going out of Jerusalem, and Ahijah the prophet of Shiloh met him on the way, wearing a new cloak. The two of them were alone out in the country, 30 and Ahijah took hold of the new cloak he was wearing and tore it into twelve pieces.

“Jeroboam” by Gabriel Picart.  In Who’s Who in the Bible”(1994). Reader’s Digest.

31 Then he said to Jeroboam, “Take ten pieces for yourself, for this is what the LORD, the God of Israel, says: ‘See, I am going to tear the kingdom out of Solomon’s hand and give you ten tribes. 32 But for the sake of my servant David and the city of Jerusalem, which I have chosen out of all the tribes of Israel, he will have one tribe. 33 I will do this because they have forsaken me and worshiped Ashtoreth the goddess of the Sidonians, Chemosh the god of the Moabites, and Molek the god of the Ammonites, and have not walked in obedience to me, nor done what is right in my eyes, nor kept my decrees and laws as David, Solomon’s father, did.

34 “‘But I will not take the whole kingdom out of Solomon’s hand; I have made him ruler all the days of his life for the sake of David my servant, whom I chose and who obeyed my commands and decrees. 35 I will take the kingdom from his son’s hands and give you ten tribes. 36 I will give one tribe to his son so that David my servant may always have a lamp before me in Jerusalem, the city where I chose to put my Name.

The image of a lamp becomes a special metaphor for David and for the continuity of his line.

Psalm 132:17 (Amplified Bible)

There will I make a horn spring forth and bud for David; I have ordained and prepared a lamp for My anointed [fulfilling the promises of old].

37 However, as for you, I will take you, and you will rule over all that your heart desires; you will be king over Israel. 38 If you do whatever I command you and walk in obedience to me and do what is right in my eyes by obeying my decrees and commands, as David my servant did, I will be with you. I will build you a dynasty as enduring as the one I built for David and will give Israel to you. 39 I will humble David’s descendants because of this, but not forever.’”

What a magnificent and astonishing opportunity is knocking at Jeroboam’s door!  He can follow the Lord, and God promises to make him an illustrious dynasty, like that of David!  (Now guess what he will actually do . . .)

40 Solomon tried to kill Jeroboam, but Jeroboam fled to Egypt, to Shishak the king, and stayed there until Solomon’s death.

Solomon’s Death

1K11 3 kings

41 As for the other events of Solomon’s reign—all he did and the wisdom he displayed—are they not written in the book of the annals of Solomon? 42 Solomon reigned in Jerusalem over all Israel forty years. 43 Then he rested with his ancestors and was buried in the city of David his father. And Rehoboam his son succeeded him as king.


New International Version (NIV) Copyright © 1973, 1978, 1984, 2010 by Biblica

Images courtesy of:
Francken.    http://www.getty.edu/art/gettyguide/artObjectDetails?artobj=656&handle=li
smooch.    http://media.photobucket.com/image/smooch/xluckiiduckiiOox/smooch.gif
Bourdon.    http://www.culture.gouv.fr/Wave/image/joconde/0002/m503604_91de2069_p.jpg
I will give one tribe.   http://carolinasnalc.org/wp-content/uploads/2015/09/1-kings-11_13.jpg
Picart.    http://www.gabrielpicart.com/english/illustration.htm
ancient Canaanite lamp.    http://www.victorie-inc.us/images/Oil-Lamps/CananiteOilLamp.jpg
Opportunity knocking.     https://dwellingintheword.files.wordpress.com/2016/09/b1251-opportunity_knocking.jpg
3 kings.    http://images.slideplayer.com/20/5991929/slides/slide_3.jpg