1857.) 1 Kings 8:1-21

June 14, 2016

the ark of the covenant and the cloud of Shekinah glory

1 Kings 8:1-21   (New International Version)

The Ark Brought to the Temple

1 Then King Solomon summoned into his presence at Jerusalem the elders of Israel, all the heads of the tribes and the chiefs of the Israelite families, to bring up the ark of the LORD’s covenant from Zion, the City of David. 2 All the Israelites came together to King Solomon at the time of the festival in the month of Ethanim, the seventh month.

The temple was finished in the eighth month, but Solomon had the festival 11 months later, during the seventh month. It could be because at that time the harvest was in and people were more free to come to Jerusalem. Some scholars have also suggested that the seventh month was part of a Jubilee year. At any rate, the temple was not complete until the ark of the covenant was put in place in the Most Holy Place.

So bringing the ark to the temple was a big occasion! Think of a beautiful public spectacle — like the opening ceremony for the Olympic Games!

3 When all the elders of Israel had arrived, the priests took up the ark, 4 and they brought up the ark of the LORD and the tent of meeting and all the sacred furnishings in it. The priests and Levites carried them up,

Remember in 2 Samuel 6, when David moved the ark with ordinary people and one of them touched the ark and died? Solomon does not make that mistake! He moves the ark and the temple furnishings the way God commanded them to be moved.

5 and King Solomon and the entire assembly of Israel that had gathered about him were before the ark, sacrificing so many sheep and cattle that they could not be recorded or counted.

Solomon went far beyond custom and expectation in his effort to honor and praise God on this great day.

_________________________

Music:

Aren’t we glad that we do not need to bring sheep and cattle to sacrifice as part of worship! Christ’s sacrifice on the cross is all sufficient, so I am grateful to bring my sacrifices of praise and thanksgiving.  HERE  is “We Bring the Sacrifice of Praise”  by the Maranatha! Singers.

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6 The priests then brought the ark of the LORD’s covenant to its place in the inner sanctuary of the temple, the Most Holy Place, and put it beneath the wings of the cherubim. 7 The cherubim spread their wings over the place of the ark and overshadowed the ark and its carrying poles. 8 These poles were so long that their ends could be seen from the Holy Place in front of the inner sanctuary, but not from outside the Holy Place; and they are still there today. 9 There was nothing in the ark except the two stone tablets that Moses had placed in it at Horeb, where the LORD made a covenant with the Israelites after they came out of Egypt.

What happened to the container of manna (Exodus 16:33) and Aaron’s rod that budded (Numbers 17:6-11)? These items were formerly in the ark, along with the two stone tablets. The reason is lost to history.

10 When the priests withdrew from the Holy Place, the cloud filled the temple of the LORD.

This was the cloud of glory, seen often in the Old and New Testaments, sometimes called the cloud of Shekinah glory. It is hard to define the glory of God; we could call it the radiant outshining of His character and presence. Here it is manifested in a cloud.

  • This is the cloud that stood by Israel in the wilderness (Exodus 13:21-22)
  • This is the cloud of glory that God spoke to Israel from (Exodus 16:10)
  • This is the cloud from which God met with Moses and others (Exodus 19:9, 24:15-18, Numbers 11:25, 12:5, 16:42)
  • This is the cloud that stood by the door of the Tabernacle (Exodus 33:9-10)
  • This is the cloud from which God appeared to the High Priest in the Holy Place inside the veil (Leviticus 16:2)
  • This is the cloud of Ezekiel’s vision, filling the temple of God with the brightness of His glory (Ezekiel 10:4)
  • This is the cloud of glory that overshadowed Mary when she conceived Jesus by the power of the Holy Spirit (Luke 1:35)
  • This is the cloud present at the transfiguration of Jesus (Luke 9:34-35)
  • This is the cloud of glory that received Jesus into heaven at His ascension (Acts 1:9)
  • This is the cloud that will display the glory of Jesus Christ when He returns in triumph to this earth (Luke 21:27, Revelation 1:7)

–David Guzik

11 And the priests could not perform their service because of the cloud, for the glory of the LORD filled his temple.

The sense of the presence of the Lord was so intense, the priests could not continue their work! The presence of our holy God is not a “warm and fuzzy” feeling. Men like Peter (Luke 5:8), Isaiah (Isaiah 6:5), and John (Revelation 1:17) felt stricken in the presence of God. This was not because God forced an uncomfortable feeling upon them, but because they simply could not be comfortable sensing the difference between their sinfulness and the holiness of God.

–David Guzik

This glory remained at the temple until Israel utterly rejected God in the days of the divided monarchy. The prophet Ezekiel saw the glory depart the temple (Ezekiel 10:18).

12 Then Solomon said, “The LORD has said that he would dwell in a dark cloud; 13 I have indeed built a magnificent temple for you, a place for you to dwell forever.”

14 While the whole assembly of Israel was standing there, the king turned around and blessed them. 15 Then he said:

“Praise be to the LORD, the God of Israel, who with his own hand has fulfilled what he promised with his own mouth to my father David. For he said, 16 ‘Since the day I brought my people Israel out of Egypt, I have not chosen a city in any tribe of Israel to have a temple built so that my Name might be there, but I have chosen David to rule my people Israel.’

17 “My father David had it in his heart to build a temple for the Name of the LORD, the God of Israel. 18 But the LORD said to my father David, ‘You did well to have it in your heart to build a temple for my Name. 19 Nevertheless, you are not the one to build the temple, but your son, your own flesh and blood—he is the one who will build the temple for my Name.’

20 “The LORD has kept the promise he made: I have succeeded David my father and now I sit on the throne of Israel, just as the LORD promised, and I have built the temple for the Name of the LORD, the God of Israel. 21 I have provided a place there for the ark, in which is the covenant of the LORD that he made with our ancestors when he brought them out of Egypt.”

Out of Egypt, out of the wilderness — there is a sense in which the Exodus is finally finished this day:  in the Promised Land, the Lord has a permanent home among his people.

_________________________

New International Version (NIV) Copyright © 1973, 1978, 1984, 2010 by Biblica

Images courtesy of:
the ark of the covenant.    http://www.forhisname.com/ark.jpg
contents of the ark.    http://raebear.net/faith/biblestudy/hebrews/ark-contents.jpg
“Tabernacle at Sunset.”    Pat Marvenko Smith, copyright 2000 – www.revelationillustrated.com

1856.) 2 Chronicles 4

June 13, 2016

A model of Solomon’s temple. Notice the huge altar on the right; the bronze sea, supported by twelve oxen, on the left; the two pillars at the doorway; the additional washing basins on either side.

2 Chronicles 4   (New Living Translation)

Furnishings for the Temple

Solomon also made a bronze altar 30 feet long, 30 feet wide, and 15 feet high.

The altar is huge and high — the first thing one would see. Here the priests killed and burned the sacrificial animals.

2 Then he cast a great round basin, 15 feet across from rim to rim, called the Sea. It was 7½ feet deep and about 45 feet in circumference. 3It was encircled just below its rim by two rows of figures that resembled oxen. There were about six oxen per foot all the way around, and they were cast as part of the basin.

4 The Sea was placed on a base of twelve bronze oxen, all facing outward. Three faced north, three faced west, three faced south, and three faced east, and the Sea rested on them. 5 The walls of the Sea were about three inches thick, and its rim flared out like a cup and resembled a water lily blossom. It could hold about 16,500 gallons of water.

2Chron4 laver

The water in the Sea is used by the priests themselves for ceremonial washing.

6 He also made ten smaller basins for washing the utensils for the burnt offerings. He set five on the south side and five on the north. But the priests washed themselves in the Sea.

7 He then cast ten gold lampstands according to the specifications that had been given, and he put them in the Temple. Five were placed against the south wall, and five were placed against the north wall.

8 He also built ten tables and placed them in the Temple, five along the south wall and five along the north wall. Then he molded 100 gold basins.

The tabernacle from Moses’s day had only one lampstand for light and only one table for showbread.

9 He then built a courtyard for the priests, and also the large outer courtyard. He made doors for the courtyard entrances and overlaid them with bronze. 10 The great bronze basin called the Sea was placed near the southeast corner of the Temple.

11 Huram-abi also made the necessary washbasins, shovels, and bowls.

So at last Huram-abi completed everything King Solomon had assigned him to make for the Temple of God:

12 the two pillars;
the two bowl-shaped capitals on top of the pillars;
the two networks of interwoven chains that decorated the capitals;
13 the 400 pomegranates that hung from the chains on the capitals (two rows of pomegranates for each of the chain networks that decorated the capitals on top of the pillars);

an ancient carved ivory pomegranate found in Jerusalem

Pomegranates were used by the Israelites as a sign of the fertility of the promised land under the blessing of God. Chains of pomegrantes decorated the capitals of the pillars flanking the entrance to the temple. They also hung from the hem of the high priest’s robes (Exodus 28:33).

14 the water carts holding the basins;
15 the Sea and the twelve oxen under it;
16 the ash buckets, the shovels, the meat hooks, and all the related articles.

Huram-abi made all these things of burnished bronze for the Temple of the Lord, just as King Solomon had directed. 17 The king had them cast in clay molds in the Jordan Valley between Succoth and Zarethan. 18 Solomon used such great quantities of bronze that its weight could not be determined.

19 Solomon also made all the furnishings for the Temple of God:

the gold altar;
the tables for the Bread of the Presence;
20 the lampstands and their lamps of solid gold, to burn in front of the Most Holy Place as prescribed;
21 the flower decorations, lamps, and tongs—all of the purest gold;
22 the lamp snuffers, bowls, dishes, and incense burners—all of solid gold;
the doors for the entrances to the Most Holy Place and the main room of the Temple, overlaid with gold.

1 So Solomon finished all his work on the Temple of the Lord. Then he brought all the gifts his father, David, had dedicated—the silver, the gold, and the various articles—and he stored them in the treasuries of the Temple of God.

from Peculiar Treasures,
by Frederick Buechner

Solomon put up a Temple in Jerusalem that had to be seen to be believed. It stood three stories high, and you entered it through a soaring porch of Egyptian design that was flanked by two thirty-foot free-standing bronze columns with carved lilies on top. It had cedar ceilings, cypress floors, and olivewood doors, and the amount of gold they used to trim it inside and out would have bankrupted Fort Knox.

_________________________

Music:

God is worthy of all the gold, all the excellence, all the time and effort. I think of the magnificence of the temple — what it said to poor people like Joseph and Mary when they came to worship. Surely they were amazed and awestruck:  Our God is Mighty! Our God is Wonderful! Or as Juanita Bynum sings  HERE,   “You Are Worthy.”

_________________________

New Living Translation (NLT)   Holy Bible. New Living Translation copyright© 1996, 2004, 2007 by Tyndale House Foundation. Used by permission of Tyndale House Publishers Inc., Carol Stream, Illinois 60188. All rights reserved.

Images courtesy of:
model of Solomon’s temple.    http://www.kotipetripaavola.com/templeofSolomon2.jpg
altar.     http://thesentone.files.wordpress.com/2010/07/templebronzealtar.jpg
bronze sea.     https://brianstuckert.files.wordpress.com/2015/07/laver.gif
lampstand.    https://dwellingintheword.files.wordpress.com/2011/06/4amenorahlampstand.jpg
pomegranate.    http://www.disclose.tv/forum/c2cam-ancient-suppressed-discoveries-2010-06-17-mp3-t24735.html
gold at Fort Knox.      http://s3.hubimg.com/u/286222_f520.jpg

1855.) 1 Kings 7

June 10, 2016

1K7 temple outer1 Kings 7   (New International Version)

Solomon Builds His Palace

1 It took Solomon thirteen years, however, to complete the construction of his palace.

Seven years for the temple.  But 13 years for his own place.

2 He built the Palace of the Forest of Lebanon a hundred cubits long, fifty wide and thirty high (that is, about 150 feet long, 75 feet wide and 45 feet high), with four rows of cedar columns supporting trimmed cedar beams. 3 It was roofed with cedar above the beams that rested on the columns—forty-five beams, fifteen to a row.

So much magnificent cedar wood from Lebanon was used to build Solomon’s palace that they called it the House of the Forest of Lebanon. Walking in the richly paneled walls of the palace was like walking in a forest! The forty-five pillars set in the House of the Forest of Lebanon also gave the impression of being in a majestic forest. 1 Kings 10:16-17 mentions 500 gold shields that were hung in the House of the Forest of Lebanon. Isaiah specifically called this building an armory in Isaiah 22:8.

–David Guzik

4 Its windows were placed high in sets of three, facing each other. 5 All the doorways had rectangular frames; they were in the front part in sets of three, facing each other.

House of the Forest of Lebanon

6 He made a colonnade fifty cubits long and thirty wide (that is, about 75 feet long and 45 feet wide). In front of it was a portico, and in front of that were pillars and an overhanging roof.

7 He built the throne hall, the Hall of Justice, where he was to judge, and he covered it with cedar from floor to ceiling. 8 And the palace in which he was to live, set farther back, was similar in design. Solomon also made a palace like this hall for Pharaoh’s daughter, whom he had married.

9 All these structures, from the outside to the great courtyard and from foundation to eaves, were made of blocks of high-grade stone cut to size and smoothed on their inner and outer faces. 10 The foundations were laid with large stones of good quality, some measuring ten cubits (about 15 feet) and some eight (about 12 feet). 11 Above were high-grade stones, cut to size, and cedar beams. 12 The great courtyard was surrounded by a wall of three courses of dressed stone and one course of trimmed cedar beams, as was the inner courtyard of the temple of the LORD with its portico.

When you travel in old Europe today, you often come to magnificent cathedrals. These amazing building were mostly built hundreds of years ago at great labor and cost to poor people who could never dream of living in such spectacular places. When their most magnificent buildings were churches, it said something about their values. When Solomon made his palace more spectacular than the temple, it said something about his values. Our most magnificent buildings in the modern world — usually given over to business, shopping, or entertainment — say something about our values.

–David Guzik

The Temple’s Furnishings

13 King Solomon sent to Tyre and brought Huram, 14 whose mother was a widow from the tribe of Naphtali and whose father was from Tyre and a skilled craftsman in bronze (which is to say, he had a Jewish mother and a Gentile father). Huram was filled with wisdom, with understanding and with knowledge to do all kinds of bronze work. He came to King Solomon and did all the work assigned to him.

two bronze pillars . . .

Perhaps the pillars were meant to remind Israel of the twin pillars from the Exodus. The pillar of fire by night and the pillar of cloud by day were constant reminders of the presence of God in the wilderness.

15 He cast two bronze pillars, each eighteen cubits high and twelve cubits in circumference (that is, about 27 feet high and 18 feet in circumference). 16 He also made two capitals of cast bronze to set on the tops of the pillars; each capital was five cubits (that is, about 7 1/2 feet) high. 17 A network of interwoven chains adorned the capitals on top of the pillars, seven for each capital. 18 He made pomegranates in two rows encircling each network to decorate the capitals on top of the pillars. He did the same for each capital. 19 The capitals on top of the pillars in the portico were in the shape of lilies, four cubits (that is, about 6 feet) high. 20 On the capitals of both pillars, above the bowl-shaped part next to the network, were the two hundred pomegranates in rows all around. 21 He erected the pillars at the portico of the temple. The pillar to the south he named Jakin (Jakin probably means he establishes) and the one to the north Boaz (Boaz probably means in him is strength). 22 The capitals on top were in the shape of lilies. And so the work on the pillars was completed.

the Sea and a movable stand . . .

It was used by priests for cleansing their hands and feet and perhaps also to supply water to the standing basins for the rinsing of offerings.

23 He made the Sea of cast metal, circular in shape, measuring ten cubits from rim to rim and five cubits high. It took a line of thirty cubits (that is, about 45 feet)to measure around it. 24 Below the rim, gourds encircled it—ten to a cubit. The gourds were cast in two rows in one piece with the Sea.

25 The Sea stood on twelve bulls, three facing north, three facing west, three facing south and three facing east. The Sea rested on top of them, and their hindquarters were toward the center. 26 It was a handbreadth (that is, about 3 inches) in thickness, and its rim was like the rim of a cup, like a lily blossom. It held two thousand baths (that is, about 12,000 gallons).

27 He also made ten movable stands of bronze; each was four cubits long, four wide and three high (that is, about 6 feet long and wide and about 4 1/2 feet high). 28 This is how the stands were made: They had side panels attached to uprights. 29 On the panels between the uprights were lions, bulls and cherubim—and on the uprights as well. Above and below the lions and bulls were wreaths of hammered work. 30 Each stand had four bronze wheels with bronze axles, and each had a basin resting on four supports, cast with wreaths on each side. 31 On the inside of the stand there was an opening that had a circular frame one cubit deep (that is, about 18 inches). This opening was round, and with its basework it measured a cubit and a half (that is, about 2 1/4 feet). Around its opening there was engraving. The panels of the stands were square, not round. 32 The four wheels were under the panels, and the axles of the wheels were attached to the stand. The diameter of each wheel was a cubit and a half. 33 The wheels were made like chariot wheels; the axles, rims, spokes and hubs were all of cast metal.

34 Each stand had four handles, one on each corner, projecting from the stand. 35 At the top of the stand there was a circular band half a cubit (about 9 inches) deep. The supports and panels were attached to the top of the stand. 36 He engraved cherubim, lions and palm trees on the surfaces of the supports and on the panels, in every available space, with wreaths all around. 37 This is the way he made the ten stands. They were all cast in the same molds and were identical in size and shape.

38 He then made ten bronze basins, each holding forty baths (that is, about 240 gallons) and measuring four cubits across, one basin to go on each of the ten stands. 39 He placed five of the stands on the south side of the temple and five on the north. He placed the Sea on the south side, at the southeast corner of the temple. 40 He also made the pots and shovels and sprinkling bowls.

(I know you can’t read the words, but the cut-away does help give a general idea.)

So Huram finished all the work he had undertaken for King Solomon in the temple of the LORD:

41 the two pillars;

the two bowl-shaped capitals on top of the pillars;

the two sets of network decorating the two bowl-shaped capitals on top of the pillars;

42 the four hundred pomegranates for the two sets of network (two rows of pomegranates for each network decorating the bowl-shaped capitals on top of the pillars);

43 the ten stands with their ten basins;

44 the Sea and the twelve bulls under it;

45 the pots, shovels and sprinkling bowls.

All these objects that Huram made for King Solomon for the temple of the LORD were of burnished bronze. 46 The king had them cast in clay molds in the plain of the Jordan between Sukkoth and Zarethan. 47 Solomon left all these things unweighed, because there were so many; the weight of the bronze was not determined.

48 Solomon also made all the furnishings that were in the LORD’s temple:

2 Chronicles 1:15 (NLT)

The king made silver and gold as plentiful in Jerusalem as stone. And valuable cedar timber was as common as the sycamore-fig trees that grow in the foothills of Judah.

the golden altar;

the golden table on which was the bread of the Presence;

49 the lampstands of pure gold (five on the right and five on the left, in front of the inner sanctuary);

the gold floral work and lamps and tongs;

50 the pure gold basins, wick trimmers, sprinkling bowls, dishes and censers;

and the gold sockets for the doors of the innermost room, the Most Holy Place, and also for the doors of the main hall of the temple.

51 When all the work King Solomon had done for the temple of the LORD was finished, he brought in the things his father David had dedicated—the silver and gold and the furnishings—and he placed them in the treasuries of the LORD’s temple.

_________________________

Music:

HERE,  from the Brahms Requiem. The text of  “How lovely is thy dwelling place” comes from Psalm 84.

_________________________

New International Version (NIV) Copyright © 1973, 1978, 1984, 2010 by Biblica

Images courtesy of:
sketch of outer temple area.   https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/7/7f/First_Book_of_Kings_Chapter_7-1_%28Bible_Illustrations_by_Sweet_Media%29.jpg
House of the Forest of Lebanon.  http://www.specialtyinterests.net/solomons_forest_color2.jpg
Solomon supervising.    http://www.retrooutlet.com/prodimages/0204.jpg
two bronze pillars.   http://www.bible-architecture.info/Reconstruction_Sols_Temple_Bible_Museum_Amsterdam.jpg
the Sea.    http://davidjlarsen.files.wordpress.com/2008/07/solomon_temple-bronze-sea1.jpg
cut-away of Solomon’s temple.  http://i1.squidoocdn.com/resize/squidoo_images/590/draft_lens14644111module128708901photo_1288014267solomons_temple.jpg
silver and gold.   http://www.coinnews.net/wp-content/images/2008/2008-Britannia-Silver-and-Gold-Collector-Coins.jpg

1854.) 2 Chronicles 3

June 9, 2016

King Solomon supervises the construction of the temple.

2 Chronicles 3   (New Living Translation)

Solomon Builds the Temple

1 So Solomon began to build the Temple of the Lord in Jerusalem on Mount Moriah,

The Binding of Isaac, by Avi Katz, from the “JPS Illustrated Children’s Bible.”

Genesis 22:1-2   (TNIV)

Some time later God tested Abraham. He said to him, “Abraham!”

“Here I am,” he replied.

Then God said, “Take your son, your only son, whom you love—Isaac—and go to the region of Moriah. Sacrifice him there as a burnt offering on a mountain I will show you.”

where the Lord had appeared to David, his father.  The Temple was built on the threshing floor of Araunah the Jebusite, the site that David had selected.

2 Samuel 24:18  (NIV)

On that day Gad went to David and said to him, “Go up and build an altar to the LORD on the threshing floor of Araunah the Jebusite.”

2The construction began in midspring, during the fourth year of Solomon’s reign.

The delay from Solomon’s coronation to the beginning of the building project could be due to the time required to properly prepare the lumber from Lebanon. Just getting the trees from “there” to “here” was no small task! The trees had to be selected, felled, and dragged to the Mediterranean coast. Then they were loaded on rafts and floated down to Joppa. Once there, they were transported overland to Jerusalem.

3 These are the dimensions Solomon used for the foundation of the Temple of God (using the old standard of measurement). It was 90 feet long and 30 feet wide. 4 The entry room at the front of the Temple was 30 feet wide, running across the entire width of the Temple, and 30 feet high. He overlaid the inside with pure gold.

5 He paneled the main room of the Temple with cypress wood, overlaid it with fine gold, and decorated it with carvings of palm trees and chains. 6 He decorated the walls of the Temple with beautiful jewels

The reference to precious stones may suggest mosaics, inlaid in the floor.

–David F. Payne (Senior Lecturer in Semitic Studies at Queen’s University of Belfast and Academic Dean of London Bible College)

and with gold from the land of Parvaim. 7 He overlaid the beams, thresholds, walls, and doors throughout the Temple with gold, and he carved figures of cherubim on the walls.

Psalm 80:1-2   (NIV)

For the director of music. To the tune of “The Lilies of the Covenant.”

   Hear us, Shepherd of Israel,
   you who lead Joseph like a flock.
You who sit enthroned between the cherubim,
   shine forth  before Ephraim, Benjamin and Manasseh.
Awaken your might;
   come and save us.

 

8 He made the Most Holy Place 30 feet wide, corresponding to the width of the Temple, and 30 feet deep. He overlaid its interior with 23 tons of fine gold. 9 The gold nails that were used weighed 20 ounces each. He also overlaid the walls of the upper rooms with gold.

10 He made two figures shaped like cherubim, overlaid them with gold, and placed them in the Most Holy Place. 11 The total wingspan of the two cherubim standing side by side was 30 feet. One wing of the first figure was 7½ feet long, and it touched the Temple wall. The other wing, also 7½ feet long, touched one of the wings of the second figure. 12 In the same way, the second figure had one wing 7½ feet long that touched the opposite wall. The other wing, also 7½ feet long, touched the wing of the first figure. 13 So the wingspan of the two cherubim side by side was 30 feet. They stood on their feet and faced out toward the main room of the Temple.

14 Across the entrance of the Most Holy Place he hung a curtain made of fine linen, decorated with blue, purple, and scarlet thread and embroidered with figures of cherubim.


Matthew 27:50-51 (NIV)

And when Jesus had cried out again in a loud voice, he gave up his spirit.

At that moment the curtain of the temple was torn in two from top to bottom.

Hebrews 10:19-22   (NIV)

Therefore, brothers and sisters, since we have confidence to enter the Most Holy Place by the blood of Jesus, by a new and living way opened for us through the curtain, that is, his body,  and since we have a great priest over the house of God, let us draw near to God with a sincere heart and with the full assurance that faith brings, having our hearts sprinkled to cleanse us from a guilty conscience and having our bodies washed with pure water.

15 For the front of the Temple, he made two pillars that were 27 feet tall, each topped by a capital extending upward another 7½ feet. 16 He made a network of interwoven chains and used them to decorate the tops of the pillars. He also made 100 decorative pomegranates and attached them to the chains. 17 Then he set up the two pillars at the entrance of the Temple, one to the south of the entrance and the other to the north. He named the one on the south Jakin, and the one on the north Boaz.

These two pillars were so impressive that they were actually given names. Jachin means He shall establish and Boaz means in strength.

Every time someone came to the house of the Lord in the days of Solomon they said, “Look! There is ‘He Shall Establish.’ And there is ‘In Him Is Strength.'” It set them in the right frame of mind to worship the Lord. When the crowds gathered at the morning and evening sacrifice to worship the Lord, the Levites led the people standing in front of the temple with these two great, bronze pillars behind them. It was always before them: He Shall Establish and In Him Is Strength.

One could say that the house of God itself was Jachin and Boaz. That temple was established by God, and built by the strength of God. Every time they looked at that temple, they knew that God liked to establish and strengthen things.

The house of God was a place where people experienced what the pillars were all about. At that house, people were established in their relationship with God. At that house, people were given strength from the Lord. From this building, it should go out to the whole community: “Come here and get established. Come here and receive the strength of God.”

–David Guzik

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Music:

In reading all the details of the construction, it is important not to lose sight of the One for whom this beautiful temple is being built!  HERE  is “(Who Is This) King of Glory”  by Third Day.  The song talks about forgiveness, peace, grace, strength, wisdom — turn it up real loud!!

_________________________

New Living Translation (NLT)   Holy Bible. New Living Translation copyright© 1996, 2004, 2007 by Tyndale House Foundation. Used by permission of Tyndale House Publishers Inc., Carol Stream, Illinois 60188. All rights reserved.

Images courtesy of:
Solomon holding the plans.    http://i.dailymail.co.uk/i/pix/2008/10/27/article-1081107-02443E7F000005DC-859_468x339.jpg
Katz.     https://dwellingintheword.files.wordpress.com/2011/06/isaac.jpg
cherubim over the mercy seat.    http://www.mishkanministries.org/images/cherubimoverthemercyseat1.jpg
The blood of Jesus . . .      http://christian-wallpaper.blogspot.com/2011/04/blood-of-jesus-takes-my-sins-away-1024.html
pillars.     https://dwellingintheword.files.wordpress.com/2011/06/pilar2.jpg

1853.) 2 Chronicles 2

June 8, 2016

“The Construction of the Temple” by Isabella Colette.

2 Chronicles 2   (New Living Translation)

Preparations for Building the Temple

1 Solomon decided to build a Temple to honor the name of the Lord,

Scripture is clear that Solomon’s claim to fame is not his wisdom, or his wealth, or his writings. Rather, he is honored for building the temple for “the name of the Lord.” (Of course, Solomon did not build a temple for a name but for a living God. This is a good example of avoiding direct mention of the name of God in Hebrew writing and speaking. They did this out of reverence to God.)

and also a royal palace for himself. 2He enlisted a force of 70,000 laborers, 80,000 men to quarry stone in the hill country, and 3,600 foremen.

3 Solomon also sent this message to King Hiram at Tyre:

“Send me cedar logs as you did for my father, David, when he was building his palace. 4 I am about to build a Temple to honor the name of the Lord my God. It will be a place set apart to burn fragrant incense before him, to display the special sacrificial bread, and to sacrifice burnt offerings each morning and evening, on the Sabbaths, at new moon celebrations, and at the other appointed festivals of the Lord our God. He has commanded Israel to do these things forever.
5 “This must be a magnificent Temple because our God is greater than all other gods. 6 But who can really build him a worthy home? Not even the highest heavens can contain him! So who am I to consider building a Temple for him, except as a place to burn sacrifices to him?

Members of a Hindu temple in Minnesota perform an offering to Goddess Lakshmi. Food given may include rice, dried nuts, or fruit.

Other religions of that time saw a temple as a place where their god resided. Some Canaanite and Babylonia temples even had rituals which saw to the provision of food and drink for their gods. Clearly Solomon understands that his temple is only a symbol of God’s presence among his people, and God is not confined to it. But even as such, it must be beautiful and excellent in every regard, as befits the God who created the heaven and the earth!

7 “So send me a master craftsman who can work with gold, silver, bronze, and iron, as well as with purple, scarlet, and blue cloth. He must be a skilled engraver who can work with the craftsmen of Judah and Jerusalem who were selected by my father, David.
8 “Also send me cedar,

The cedar trees of ancient Lebanon were legendary for their excellent timber.

Psalm 92:12   (NIV)

The righteous will flourish like a palm tree,
   they will grow like a cedar of Lebanon.

cypress, and red sandalwood logs from Lebanon, for I know that your men are without equal at cutting timber in Lebanon. I will send my men to help them. 9 An immense amount of timber will be needed, for the Temple I am going to build will be very large and magnificent. 10 In payment for your woodcutters, I will send 100,000 bushels of crushed wheat, 100,000 bushels of barley, 110,000 gallons of wine, and 110,000 gallons of olive oil.”

The Sidonians were noted as timber craftsmen in the ancient world, a fact substantiated on the famous Palmero Stone. Its inscription from 2200 BCE tells us about timber-carrying ships that sailed from Byblos to Egypt about four hundred years previously. The skill of the Sidonians was expressed in their ability to pick the most suitable trees, know the right time to cut them, fell them with care, and then properly treat the logs. (Dilday)

–David Guzik

11 King Hiram sent this letter of reply to Solomon:

“It is because the Lord loves his people that he has made you their king! 12 Praise the Lord, the God of Israel, who made the heavens and the earth! He has given King David a wise son, gifted with skill and understanding, who will build a Temple for the Lord and a royal palace for himself.
13 “I am sending you a master craftsman named Huram-abi, who is extremely talented. 14 His mother is from the tribe of Dan in Israel, and his father is from Tyre. He is skillful at making things from gold, silver, bronze, and iron, and he also works with stone and wood. He can work with purple, blue, and scarlet cloth and fine linen. He is also an engraver and can follow any design given to him. He will work with your craftsmen and those appointed by my lord David, your father.
15 “Send along the wheat, barley, olive oil, and wine that my lord has mentioned. 16 We will cut whatever timber you need from the Lebanon mountains and will float the logs in rafts down the coast of the Mediterranean Sea to Joppa. From there you can transport the logs up to Jerusalem.”

17 Solomon took a census of all foreigners in the land of Israel, like the census his father had taken, and he counted 153,600. 18 He assigned 70,000 of them as common laborers, 80,000 as quarry workers in the hill country, and 3,600 as foremen.

Jesus, when clearing the Temple before his crucifixion, quotes Isaiah and says, “My house will be called a house of prayer for all nations” (Mark 11:17). With all the foreign laborers and foreign materials, the temple is a house of all nations even during construction!

_________________________

Music:

HERE  is “Give Me that Old Time Religion” — a clip from the movie Sergeant York (1941) with Walter Brennan and Gary Cooper.  I love the various verses!

_________________________

New Living Translation (NLT)   Holy Bible. New Living Translation copyright© 1996, 2004, 2007 by Tyndale House Foundation. Used by permission of Tyndale House Publishers Inc., Carol Stream, Illinois 60188. All rights reserved.

Images courtesy of:
Colette.     http://www.artbible.net/1T/1ki0501_Solomon_temple/pages/20%20COLETTE%20ISABELLA%20CONSTRUCTION%20DU%20TEMPLE.htm
Hindu temple.    http://si.wsj.net/public/resources/images/OB-EQ974_diwali_G_20091014112400.jpg
cedar of Lebanon.    http://www.2020site.org/trees/images/lebanon-cedar-tree.jpg
flags of all nations.    https://dwellingintheword.files.wordpress.com/2011/06/flags_of_all_nations.jpg

1852.) 1 Kings 6

June 7, 2016

Of course, no one knows exactly what Solomon’s Temple looked like. Here is one idea.

1 Kings 6   (New International Version)

Solomon Builds the Temple

1 In the four hundred and eightieth year after the Israelites came out of Egypt, in the fourth year of Solomon’s reign over Israel,

Israelite time line, in round figures:  40 years wandering in the wilderness, 400 years under the judges, 40 years of ruling for each of the kings of the United Kingdom (Saul, David, and Solomon). Dates are general:  I think of Abraham at about 2000 BCE, Moses/the Exodus at about 1500 BCE, and David at 1000 BCE. 

in the month of Ziv, the second month, he began to build the temple of the LORD.

1 Chronicles 28:11-12 (NLT)

Then David gave Solomon the plans for the Temple and its surroundings, including the entry room, the storerooms, the upstairs rooms, the inner rooms, and the inner sanctuary—which was the place of atonement.  David also gave Solomon all the plans he had in mind for the courtyards of the Lord’s Temple, the outside rooms, the treasuries, and the rooms for the gifts dedicated to the Lord.

2 The temple that King Solomon built for the LORD was sixty cubits long, twenty wide and thirty high (a cubit is considered to be about 18- 20 inches, so the temple was about 90 feet long, 30 feet wide, and 45 feet high).

1K6 SaintPeters

Not that large! 90 x 30 = 2,700 square feet with tall ceilings! For purposes of comparison:  Many of my readers may have been in St. Peter’s Basilica in Rome (above). That “temple” is 694 feet long, 451 feet wide (at transepts), and 151 feet high. Or perhaps you have visited Jerusalem:  The Second Temple, as expanded by Herod, was more than twice the size of Solomon’s Temple.

3 The portico at the front of the main hall of the temple extended the width of the temple, that is twenty cubits (that is, about 30 feet), and projected ten cubits (that is about 15 feet) from the front of the temple. 4 He made narrow windows high up in the temple walls. 5 Against the walls of the main hall and inner sanctuary he built a structure around the building, in which there were side rooms. 6 The lowest floor was five cubits (that is, seven and a half feet) wide, the middle floor six cubits (that is, nine feet) and the third floor seven (that is, 11 feet). He made offset ledges around the outside of the temple so that nothing would be inserted into the temple walls.

The Temple is very similar in layout and design to the Tabernacle, but twice as large.

7 In building the temple, only blocks dressed at the quarry were used, and no hammer, chisel or any other iron tool was heard at the temple site while it was being built.

A quiet building site!

8 The entrance to the lowest floor was on the south side of the temple; a stairway led up to the middle level and from there to the third. 9 So he built the temple and completed it, roofing it with beams and cedar planks. 10 And he built the side rooms all along the temple. The height of each was five cubits, and they were attached to the temple by beams of cedar.

11 The word of the LORD came to Solomon: 12 “As for this temple you are building, if you follow my decrees, observe my laws and keep all my commands and obey them, I will fulfill through you the promise I gave to David your father. 13 And I will live among the Israelites and will not abandon my people Israel.”

14 So Solomon built the temple and completed it. 15 He lined its interior walls with cedar boards, paneling them from the floor of the temple to the ceiling, and covered the floor of the temple with planks of juniper. 16 He partitioned off twenty cubits at the rear of the temple with cedar boards from floor to ceiling to form within the temple an inner sanctuary, the Most Holy Place. 17 The main hall in front of this room was forty cubits (that is, about 60 feet) long. 18 The inside of the temple was cedar, carved with gourds and open flowers. Everything was cedar; no stone was to be seen.

a cut-away view of the interior of Solomon’s temple

19 He prepared the inner sanctuary within the temple to set the ark of the covenant of the LORD there. 20 The inner sanctuary was twenty cubits long, twenty wide and twenty high. He overlaid the inside with pure gold, and he also overlaid the altar of cedar. 21 Solomon covered the inside of the temple with pure gold, and he extended gold chains across the front of the inner sanctuary, which was overlaid with gold. 22 So he overlaid the whole interior with gold. He also overlaid with gold the altar that belonged to the inner sanctuary.

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Gold everywhere!  It covered the walls, the floor, the carvings . . .

23 For the inner sanctuary he made a pair of cherubim out of olive wood, each ten cubits high. 24 One wing of the first cherub was five cubits long, and the other wing five cubits—ten cubits from wing tip to wing tip. 25 The second cherub also measured ten cubits, for the two cherubim were identical in size and shape. 26 The height of each cherub was ten cubits. 27 He placed the cherubim inside the innermost room of the temple, with their wings spread out. The wing of one cherub touched one wall, while the wing of the other touched the other wall, and their wings touched each other in the middle of the room. 28 He overlaid the cherubim with gold.

These cherubim in the Most Holy Place were about 15 feet high with wings that stretched 15 feet from tip to tip! They were magnificent, other-worldly creatures, representing the greatness of God! Hardly the innocuous, pudgy little “cherubs” so commonly seen today.

29 On the walls all around the temple, in both the inner and outer rooms, he carved cherubim, palm trees and open flowers. 30 He also covered the floors of both the inner and outer rooms of the temple with gold.

1K6 Temple interior

One idea for the interior of the temple, looking towards the Most Holy Place behind the curtain.

1K6 gold interior

Here is another model, showing the profusion of gold and also the interior of the Holy of Holies.

31 For the entrance to the inner sanctuary he made doors out of olive wood that were one fifth of the width of the sanctuary. 32 And on the two olive-wood doors he carved cherubim, palm trees and open flowers, and overlaid the cherubim and palm trees with hammered gold. 33 In the same way, for the entrance to the main hall he made doorframes out of olive wood that were one fourth of the width of the hall. 34 He also made two doors out of juniper wood, each having two leaves that turned in sockets. 35 He carved cherubim, palm trees and open flowers on them and overlaid them with gold hammered evenly over the carvings.

carved with cherubim, palm trees, and flowers and overlaid with gold

36 And he built the inner courtyard of three courses of dressed stone and one course of trimmed cedar beams.

37 The foundation of the temple of the LORD was laid in the fourth year, in the month of Ziv. 38 In the eleventh year in the month of Bul, the eighth month, the temple was finished in all its details according to its specifications. He had spent seven years building it.

_________________________

Music:

The temple that Solomon built and the Church are two very different things. The temple was a physical structure, but the Church is the Body of Christ, many believers united in our Head, Jesus. The presentation  HERE  of “The Church’s One Foundation” does a lot to show what we mean when we say that WE are the Church.  Brian Moss sings.

_________________________

New International Version (NIV) Copyright © 1973, 1978, 1984, 2010 by Biblica

Images courtesy of:
Solomon’s Temple.    http://4.bp.blogspot.com/_r9BBDS_kJug/TNRZ84qwEpI/AAAAAAAABZI/OyP8PZ9kMmk/s1600/templesolomon.jpg
St. Peter’s.     http://davidphenry.com/Italy/SaintPetersLongView.jpg
floor plan of Solomon’s temple.   http://homepages.luc.edu/~avande1/jerusalem/views/solomonsTemplePlan.jpg
cut-away image of the interior of Solomon’s temple.    http://www.thelivingmoon.com/42stargate/04images/Solomon/Solomons_Cherubim.jpg
gold.    http://cdn.c.photoshelter.com/img-get/I0000EZ_VKjiOtug/s/780/Gold-Bricks-from-African-Mine-for-Export.jpg
cherubs.  http://www.dobhran.com/jigsaw/cherubs.jpg
interior of the temple, red curtain.    https://s-media-cache-ak0.pinimg.com/736x/e2/91/55/e29155107f97fb400ad1bbafa076a121.jpg
interior of the temple, gold walls.  https://thesentone.files.wordpress.com/2010/07/templeinside.jpg
walls carved and overlaid with gold.   http://www.mishkanministries.org/images/templewallpanel1.jpg

1851.) 1 Kings 5

June 6, 2016

1K5 strong tower

1 Kings 5 (New International Version)

Preparations for Building the Temple

1 When Hiram king of Tyre heard that Solomon had been anointed king to succeed his father David, he sent his envoys to Solomon, because he had always been on friendly terms with David. 2 Solomon sent back this message to Hiram:

3 “You know that because of the wars waged against my father David from all sides, he could not build a temple for the Name of the LORD his God until the LORD put his enemies under his feet. 4 But now the LORD my God has given me rest on every side, and there is no adversary or disaster. 5 I intend, therefore, to build a temple for the Name of the LORD my God, as the LORD told my father David, when he said, ‘Your son whom I will put on the throne in your place will build the temple for my Name.’

Solomon declares his intention to “build a temple for the Name of the LORD my God.”

Psalm 138:1-2 (ESV)

I give you thanks, O LORD, with my whole heart;
before the gods I sing your praise;
I bow down toward your holy temple
and give thanks to your name for your steadfast love and your faithfulness,
for you have exalted above all things
your name and your word.

_________________________

Music:

HERE  is “Blessed be your name”  by Matt Redman.

_________________________

6 “So give orders that cedars of Lebanon be cut for me. My men will work with yours, and I will pay you for your men whatever wages you set. You know that we have no one so skilled in felling timber as the Sidonians.”

Throughout antiquity, the cedars of Lebanon were prized above all other trees. Their fine wood was strong, straight, and wonderfully scented. It was the first choice for any temple or palace, and top value in trade was paid for it.

7 When Hiram heard Solomon’s message, he was greatly pleased and said, “Praise be to the LORD today, for he has given David a wise son to rule over this great nation.”

8 So Hiram sent word to Solomon:

“I have received the message you sent me and will do all you want in providing the cedar and juniper logs. 9 My men will haul them down from Lebanon to the Mediterranean Sea, and I will float them as rafts by sea to the place you specify. There I will separate them and you can take them away. And you are to grant my wish by providing food for my royal household.”

10 In this way Hiram kept Solomon supplied with all the cedar and juniper logs he wanted, 11 and Solomon gave Hiram twenty thousand cors (that is, 3,600 tons) of wheat as food for his household, in addition to twenty thousand baths (that is, 120,000 gallons) of pressed olive oil. Solomon continued to do this for Hiram year after year. 12 The LORD gave Solomon wisdom, just as he had promised him. There were peaceful relations between Hiram and Solomon, and the two of them made a treaty.

the star of David at peace with the cedars of Lebanon

13 King Solomon conscripted laborers from all Israel—thirty thousand men. 14 He sent them off to Lebanon in shifts of ten thousand a month, so that they spent one month in Lebanon and two months at home. Adoniram was in charge of the forced labor. 15 Solomon had seventy thousand carriers and eighty thousand stonecutters in the hills, 16 as well as thirty-three hundred foremen who supervised the project and directed the workers. 17 At the king’s command they removed from the quarry large blocks of high-grade stone to provide a foundation of dressed stone for the temple. 18 The craftsmen of Solomon and Hiram and workers from Byblos cut and prepared the timber and stone for the building of the temple.

_________________________

New International Version (NIV) Copyright © 1973, 1978, 1984, 2010 by Biblica

Images courtesy of:
Proverbs 18:10.   http://dailyverses.net/images/en/NIV/proverbs-18-10.jpg
Blessed be the Name.   http://www.ldsvinyldecals.com/store/images/C014.jpg
cedars of Lebanon.    http://www.habeeb.com/lebanon.photos.79.html
Israel-Lebanon peace.    http://img0119.psstatic.com/162731636_lebanon-israel-peace-tshirt.jpg

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