2664.) 1 Chronicles 9

July 18, 2019

Chapter 9 shows that God’s plans, which are the plans for the whole world, were focused on Israel throughout its history and are now being taken forward with the unlikely-looking remnant that returned to Jerusalem. There is a glorious future!

1 Chronicles 9 (NLT)

About these genealogies:

The point at which the genealogies end is as important for our interpretation of them as the point at which they begin.  While 1 Chr. chapters 2-8 cover generations from the twelve patriarchs into the later monarchy period, ch. 9 rounds off the genealogical introduction to Chr. with lists drawn from the post-exilic period.  The exile itself is mentioned briefly in v. 1.  It is not recorded for its own sake, however,  No stress is laid upon its magnitude as a disaster for Judah.  Rather it serves merely as a prelude to the record of those who returned from exile, following the decree of Cyrus (cf. 2 Chr. 36:22f), to “dwell again in their possessions.”

The restoration community, being the successor of the southern kingdom, consisted, broadly speaking, of the tribes of Judah and Benjamin.  There were also a number of priests and Levites, since they had always been scattered throughout the historic territory of Israel (cf. Josh. 21).  Some of these will always have been resident in Judah and Benjamin.  Others migrated there at the fall of the northern kingdom (2 Chr. 11:13).  It is for this reason that so much attention is devoted to these three tribes in the genealogies.  For practical purposes they now constitute “Israel.”

–J. G. McConville

1 So all Israel was listed in the genealogical records in The Book of the Kings of Israel.

The Returning Exiles

The people of Judah were exiled to Babylon because they were unfaithful to the Lord.

The cause of the fall of Judah was not Babylonian strength, or incompetent Israelite leadership, or unfriendly economic forces. Instead, the writer says, it was that the people were disobedient to the Lord. It was all in God’s hands, and God chose this way to get through to the people he had called to be his own.

2 The first of the exiles to return to their property in their former towns were priests, Levites, Temple servants, and other Israelites.

The Chronicler completely skips over the 70 years of captivity between verses 1 and 2. His interest is not only in the past (demonstrated by 8 previous chapters of genealogies), but also in the present and in the future. The Israelites were back in the land. No longer was there a kingdom of Judah and another kingdom of Israel; now they were all Israelites. “Called here by the general name of Israelites, which was given to them before that unhappy division of the two kingdoms, and now is restored to them when the Israelites are united with the Jews in one and the same commonwealth, so that all the names and signs of their former division might be blotted out.” (Poole)

–David Guzik

3Some of the people from the tribes of Judah, Benjamin, Ephraim, and Manasseh came and settled in Jerusalem.

4 One family that returned was that of Uthai son of Ammihud, son of Omri, son of Imri, son of Bani, a descendant of Perez son of Judah.
5 Others returned from the Shilonite clan, including Asaiah (the oldest) and his sons.
6 From the Zerahite clan, Jeuel returned with his relatives.
In all, 690 families from the tribe of Judah returned.

7 From the tribe of Benjamin came Sallu son of Meshullam, son of Hodaviah, son of Hassenuah; 8 Ibneiah son of Jeroham; Elah son of Uzzi, son of Micri; and Meshullam son of Shephatiah, son of Reuel, son of Ibnijah.
9 These men were all leaders of clans, and they were listed in their genealogical records. In all, 956 families from the tribe of Benjamin returned.

The Returning Priests

10 Among the priests who returned were Jedaiah, Jehoiarib, Jakin, 11 Azariah son of Hilkiah, son of Meshullam, son of Zadok, son of Meraioth, son of Ahitub. Azariah was the chief officer of the house of God.
12 Other returning priests were Adaiah son of Jeroham, son of Pashhur, son of Malkijah, and Maasai son of Adiel, son of Jahzerah, son of Meshullam, son of Meshillemith, son of Immer.
13In all, 1,760 priests returned. They were heads of clans and very able men. They were responsible for ministering at the house of God.

They were very able men: This same phrase is translated mighty men of valor in many other Old Testament passages (Joshua 1:14; Judges 6:12; 1 Samuel 16:18, and many others). It shows that when it came to doing the work of the service of the house of God, it takes a man of strength and courage, the same qualities that are needed in a warrior.

–David Guzik

The Returning Levites

 “When the morning broke, it called to duty first the porters who opened the House of God; and then, after due ablution, each band of white-robed Levites began its special service. There was no running to and fro in disorder, no intrusion on one another’s office, no clashing in duty, no jealousy of each other’s ministry. It was enough to know that each had been appointed to his task, and was asked to be faithful to it. The right ordering of the whole depended on the punctuality, fidelity, and conscientiousness of each.”

–F. B. Meyer

14 The Levites who returned were Shemaiah son of Hasshub, son of Azrikam, son of Hashabiah, a descendant of Merari; 15 Bakbakkar; Heresh; Galal; Mattaniah son of Mica, son of Zicri, son of Asaph; 16 Obadiah son of Shemaiah, son of Galal, son of Jeduthun; and Berekiah son of Asa, son of Elkanah, who lived in the area of Netophah.
17 The gatekeepers who returned were Shallum, Akkub, Talmon, Ahiman, and their relatives. Shallum was the chief gatekeeper. 18 Prior to this time, they were responsible for the King’s Gate on the east side. These men served as gatekeepers for the camps of the Levites. 19 Shallum was the son of Kore, a descendant of Abiasaph, from the clan of Korah. He and his relatives, the Korahites, were responsible for guarding the entrance to the sanctuary, just as their ancestors had guarded the Tabernacle in the camp of the Lord.
20 Phinehas son of Eleazar had been in charge of the gatekeepers in earlier times, and the Lord had been with him. 21And later Zechariah son of Meshelemiah was responsible for guarding the entrance to the Tabernacle.

22 In all, there were 212 gatekeepers in those days, and they were listed according to the genealogies in their villages. David and Samuel the seer had appointed their ancestors because they were reliable men. 23 These gatekeepers and their descendants, by their divisions, were responsible for guarding the entrance to the house of the Lord when that house was a tent. 24 The gatekeepers were stationed on all four sides—east, west, north, and south. 25 Their relatives in the villages came regularly to share their duties for seven-day periods.

The door of the Church of the Holy Sepulcher (the eastern church calls it the Church of the Resurrection) in Jerusalem. It, too, is carefully guarded.

26 The four chief gatekeepers, all Levites, were trusted officials, for they were responsible for the rooms and treasuries at the house of God. 27 They would spend the night around the house of God, since it was their duty to guard it and to open the gates every morning.

28 Some of the gatekeepers were assigned to care for the various articles used in worship. They checked them in and out to avoid any loss. 29 Others were responsible for the furnishings, the items in the sanctuary, and the supplies, such as choice flour, wine, olive oil, frankincense, and spices. 30 But it was the priests who blended the spices. 31 Mattithiah, a Levite and the oldest son of Shallum the Korahite, was entrusted with baking the bread used in the offerings. 32 And some members of the clan of Kohath were in charge of preparing the bread to be set on the table each Sabbath day.

Traditional challah is a rich egg bread, carefully braided, part of the Ashkenazi Jewish culture.

33 The musicians, all prominent Levites, lived at the Temple. They were exempt from other responsibilities since they were on duty at all hours.



With the return of the priests and the Levites, worship can be resumed!

“Here I Am to Worship”  sung  HERE  by Michael W. Smith.


34 All these men lived in Jerusalem. They were the heads of Levite families and were listed as prominent leaders in their genealogical records.

King Saul’s Family Tree

35 Jeiel (the father of Gibeon) lived in the town of Gibeon. His wife’s name was Maacah, 36 and his oldest son was named Abdon. Jeiel’s other sons were Zur, Kish, Baal, Ner, Nadab, 37 Gedor, Ahio, Zechariah, and Mikloth. 38 Mikloth was the father of Shimeam. All these families lived near each other in Jerusalem.
39 Ner was the father of Kish.
Kish was the father of Saul.
Saul was the father of Jonathan, Malkishua, Abinadab, and Esh-baal.
40 Jonathan was the father of Merib-baal.
Merib-baal was the father of Micah.
41 The sons of Micah were Pithon, Melech, Tahrea, and Ahaz.

Oh, not this “pithon”? (OR, Why I liked living in Florida!)

42 Ahaz was the father of Jadah.
Jadah was the father of Alemeth, Azmaveth, and Zimri.
Zimri was the father of Moza.
43 Moza was the father of Binea.
Binea’s son was Rephaiah.
Rephaiah’s son was Eleasah.
Eleasah’s son was Azel.
44 Azel had six sons, whose names were Azrikam, Bokeru, Ishmael, Sheariah, Obadiah, and Hanan. These were the sons of Azel.

Do the genealogies of Chronicles speak, therefore, to Christians today? 

Wherever the Church in modern times feels itself to be of little account in the world, to have a precarious existence, despised and without real hope, its situation is in all essential respects like that of the Chronicler’s Judah.  And in all essential respects God’s word to her is as it was then.  There is yet a glorious future for the people of God.  An abundance of blessing, strength and influence  (properly and spiritually understood) is available to them, to the extent that they truly seek their God.  And at the end stands the heavenly kingdom of Jesus Christ, an end which the Chronicler in his day could only dimly intuit through the special grandeur which he saw in David, and the Davidic shape which he gave to the hope he offered to his contemporaries.  We in our day, with an advantage even over the angels (1 Pet. 1:12), have seen that end more clearly, and it will obtain a greater clarity yet (1 Cor. 13:12).

–J. G. McConville


You made it!!

Congratulations on surviving 1 Chronicles 1-9!


New Living Translation (NLT)   Holy Bible. New Living Translation copyright© 1996, 2004, 2007 by Tyndale House Foundation. Used by permission of Tyndale House Publishers Inc., Carol Stream, Illinois 60188. All rights reserved.

Images courtesy of:
Welcome Home balloon.    https://dwellingintheword.files.wordpress.com/2011/05/welcome-home.jpg
map of the captivity of Judah.     http://www.bible-history.com/map_babylonian_captivity/map_captivity_of_judah_babylon_shg.jpg
Psalm 113 sunrise.     https://dwellingintheword.files.wordpress.com/2019/07/75409-praise_the_lord.jpg
Holy Sepulcher door.    http://farm4.static.flickr.com/3210/2342011650_84b2009d4a.jpg
challah.     http://www.cjb-rv.de/Vortraege/Berger_2019.pdf
Burmese python captured in south Florida.    https://miami.cbslocal.com/2013/01/22/27-pythons-killed-so-far-in-floridas-python-challenge/
on top of Tanalian Mountain, Alaska.     http://micahness.com/wp-content/uploads/forGallery/topOfMountain.jpg

2663.) 1 Chronicles 8

July 17, 2019

Readers! I am so proud of you for sticking with it!!

1 Chronicles 8 (NLT)

Descendants of Benjamin

The tribe was already mentioned in 1 Chronicles 7:6-12, but is given more attention here.

“Chronicles elaborates this material, not simply because of the significance of King Saul and his family, as it continued a dozen generations after him, but primarily because of the importance of Benjamin as a tribe, which ranked second only to Judah in postexilic society.”

–David F. Payne

Benjamin’s first son was Bela, the second was Ashbel, the third was Aharah, 2 the fourth was Nohah, and the fifth was Rapha.
3 The sons of Bela were Addar, Gera, Abihud, 4 Abishua, Naaman, Ahoah, 5 Gera, Shephuphan, and Huram.
6 The sons of Ehud, leaders of the clans living at Geba, were exiled to Manahath. 7 Ehud’s sons were Naaman, Ahijah, and Gera. Gera, who led them into exile, was the father of Uzza and Ahihud.
8 After Shaharaim divorced his wives Hushim and Baara, he had children in the land of Moab. 9 Hodesh, his new wife, gave birth to Jobab, Zibia, Mesha, Malcam, 10 Jeuz, Sakia, and Mirmah. These sons all became the leaders of clans.
11 Shaharaim’s wife Hushim had already given birth to Abitub and Elpaal. 12 The sons of Elpaal were Eber, Misham,

Oh, not this “Miss Ham”?

Shemed (who built the towns of Ono and Lod and their nearby villages), 13 Beriah, and Shema. They were the leaders of the clans living in Aijalon, and they drove out the inhabitants of Gath.
14 Ahio, Shashak, Jeremoth, 15 Zebadiah, Arad, Eder, 16 Michael, Ishpah, and Joha were the sons of Beriah.
17 Zebadiah, Meshullam, Hizki, Heber, 18 Ishmerai, Izliah, and Jobab were the sons of Elpaal.
19 Jakim, Zicri, Zabdi, 20 Elienai, Zillethai, Eliel, 21 Adaiah, Beraiah, and Shimrath were the sons of Shimei.
22 Ishpan, Eber, Eliel, 23 Abdon, Zicri, Hanan, 24 Hananiah, Elam, Anthothijah, 25 Iphdeiah, and Penuel were the sons of Shashak.
26 Shamsherai, Shehariah, Athaliah, 27 Jaareshiah, Elijah, and Zicri were the sons of Jeroham.
28These were the leaders of the ancestral clans; they were listed in their genealogical records, and they all lived in Jerusalem.

The Family of Saul

29 Jeiel (the father of Gibeon) lived in the town of Gibeon. His wife’s name was Maacah, 30 and his oldest son was named Abdon. Jeiel’s other sons were Zur, Kish, Baal, Ner, Nadab, 31 Gedor, Ahio, Zechariah, 32 and Mikloth, who was the father of Shimeam. All these families lived near each other in Jerusalem.
33 Ner was the father of Kish.
Kish was the father of Saul.

Saul — Israel’s first king was tall and handsome but also impulsive, jealous, and prone to do thing his own way (= disobedient). His mood swings almost cost young David his life on more than one occasion.

Saul was the father of Jonathan, Malkishua, Abinadab, and Esh-baal.

34 Jonathan was the father of Merib-baal.
Merib-baal was the father of Micah.
35 Micah was the father of Pithon, Melech, Tahrea, and Ahaz.
36 Ahaz was the father of Jadah.
Jadah was the father of Alemeth, Azmaveth, and Zimri.
Zimri was the father of Moza.
37 Moza was the father of Binea.
Binea was the father of Rephaiah.
Rephaiah was the father of Eleasah.
Eleasah was the father of Azel.
38 Azel had six sons: Azrikam, Bokeru, Ishmael, Sheariah, Obadiah, and Hanan. These were the sons of Azel.
39 Azel’s brother Eshek had three sons: the first was Ulam, the second was Jeush, and the third was Eliphelet. 40Ulam’s sons were all mighty warriors and expert archers. They had many sons and grandsons—150 in all.

All these were descendants of Benjamin.

As well as St. Paul —

Romans 11:1 (ESV)

For I myself am an Israelite, a descendant of Abraham, a member of the tribe of Benjamin.


New Living Translation (NLT)   Holy Bible. New Living Translation copyright© 1996, 2004, 2007 by Tyndale House Foundation. Used by permission of Tyndale House Publishers Inc., Carol Stream, Illinois 60188. All rights reserved.

Images courtesy of:
Boring.   https://meetinggodinthemargin.com/2017/07/01/first-reading-of-1chronicles-1-9-the-begats/
Miss Piggy.     https://dwellingintheword.files.wordpress.com/2019/07/d1eb3-miss_piggy_in_pink_165218.gif
Saul tries to kill David.    http://beyondreadingthebible.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/08/Saul-and-David.jpg
St. Paul.    http://jamesmcgahey.blogspot.com/2012/12/penal-substitution-part-6-pauls.html

2662.) 1 Chronicles 7

July 16, 2019

Interesting to think that all the names listed below are there in part to have prepared the world for “the fullness of time” when Jesus would come!

1 Chronicles 7 (NLT)

About these genealogies:

“How barren to us is this register, both of incident and interest! And yet, as barren rocks and sandy deserts make integral and necessary parts of the globe; so do these genealogical tables make necessary parts of the history of providence and grace in the maintenance of truth, and the establishment of the church of Christ. Therefore, no one that fears God will either despise or lightly esteem them.”

–Adam Clarke

As 1 Chronicles lays out the genealogies of each tribe of Israel one by one, we see Judah and Simeon (the southernmost tribes) in 1 Chronicles 4; Reuben, Gad, and Manasseh (the easternmost tribes) in 1 Chronicles 5; Levi in 1 Chronicles 6; and then Issachar, Benjamin, Naphtali, Manasseh, Ephraim, and Asher in 1 Chronicles 7. Curiously, the genealogies of the tribes of Zebulun and Dan are not included. What are we to make of this exclusion?

On the one hand, we don’t have much information to go on. Zebulun and Dan are both members of the northern kingdom of Israel that is eventually conquered by the Assyrians, but so are the tribes of Simeon, Reuben, Gad, Manasseh, Issachar, Naphtali, Ephraim, and Asher, and each of those tribes does receive a genealogy in these early chapters of Chronicles. Any hypothesis about what might be happening here should be held lightly because of our lack of information.

On the other hand, the exclusion of Dan in particular may have some precedent, since Dan is associated with an unusually large degree of idolatry in the stories we have read so far. For example, it is the tribe of Dan who hires the Levite named Jonathan away from Micah in Judges 18—one of the stories leading up to the wicked crime of the Benjaminite city of Gibeah in Judges 19. Furthermore, when the Danites eventually settle into the city of Laish and rename that city Dan, we read that they set up carved images for themselves to worship (Judg. 18:29–31). Then, when Jeroboam leads the ten northern tribes of Israel in rebellion against Rehoboam and the two southern tribes of Judah, the city of Dan becomes one of the places where Jeroboam sets up golden calves for the Israelites to worship (1 Kgs. 12:29–30). Additionally, the prophet Amos singles out the tribe of Dan to associate with “the Guilt of Samaria”—that is, with idolatry (Amos 8:14). Even more curiously, when the book of Revelation prophesies the sealing of groups of twelve thousand from each of the twelve tribes of Israel in Revelation 7, that list of tribes includes Zebulun but does not include Dan (Rev. 7:5–8).

What this suggests—and again, we must make our conclusions tentatively—is that Dan specifically is excluded from the list of tribes because of the tribe’s deep idolatry. Because the restoration of true worship is one of the main focuses of the Chronicles, excluding Dan may serve as a unique punishment for the most idolatrous tribe. On the whole, these written genealogies confront us with the necessity of repentance—even as we prepare to see how the new David will establish perfect worship among God’s people forever. Let us therefore seek Jesus, the Son of David, so that we may rejoice that our names are written in heaven (Luke 10:20).

–Jacob D. Gerber

Descendants of Issachar

1 The four sons of Issachar were Tola, Puah, Jashub, and Shimron.
2 The sons of Tola were Uzzi, Rephaiah, Jeriel, Jahmai, Ibsam, and Shemuel. Each of them was the leader of an ancestral clan. At the time of King David, the total number of mighty warriors listed in the records of these clans was 22,600.
3 The son of Uzzi was Izrahiah. The sons of Izrahiah were Michael, Obadiah, Joel, and Isshiah. These five became the leaders of clans. 4 All of them had many wives and many sons, so the total number of men available for military service among their descendants was 36,000.
5The total number of mighty warriors from all the clans of the tribe of Issachar was 87,000. All of them were listed in their genealogical records.

Descendants of Benjamin

6 Three of Benjamin’s sons were Bela, Beker, and Jediael.
7 The five sons of Bela were Ezbon, Uzzi, Uzziel, Jerimoth, and Iri. Each of them was the leader of an ancestral clan. The total number of mighty warriors from these clans was 22,034, as listed in their genealogical records.
8 The sons of Beker were Zemirah, Joash, Eliezer, Elioenai, Omri, Jeremoth, Abijah, Anathoth, and Alemeth. 9 Each of them was the leader of an ancestral clan. The total number of mighty warriors and leaders from these clans was 20,200, as listed in their genealogical records.
10 The son of Jediael was Bilhan. The sons of Bilhan were Jeush, Benjamin, Ehud, Kenaanah, Zethan, Tarshish, and Ahishahar.

Ehud — a left-handed judge of Israel and a brave man! He went to the king of Moab to deliver a secret message from the Lord, which turned out to be a foot-and-a-half long double-edged sword into the king’s belly. Then he calmly left the palace room, locking the doors behind him. The king’s guards thought the king had locked the door for privacy as he went to the bathroom! “They waited to the point of embarrassment,” Scripture says, before they broke into the room and found their king on the floor, dead. The whole priceless story is found in Judges 3:12-30.

11 Each of them was the leader of an ancestral clan. From these clans the total number of mighty warriors ready for war was 17,200.
12The sons of Ir were Shuppim and Huppim. Hushim was the son of Aher.

Descendants of Naphtali

13The sons of Naphtali were Jahzeel, Guni, Jezer, and Shillem. They were all descendants of Jacob’s concubine Bilhah.

Descendants of Manasseh

14 The descendants of Manasseh through his Aramean concubine included Asriel. She also bore Makir, the father of Gilead. 15 Makir found wives for Huppim and Shuppim. Makir had a sister named Maacah. One of his descendants was Zelophehad, who had only daughters.

“Five Sisters” by Paula DiLeo

Zelophehad is mentioned in Numbers 26:33, 27:1-11 and 36:1-12 when his five daughters come to Moses with a question about female inheritance rights.

16 Makir’s wife, Maacah, gave birth to a son whom she named Peresh. His brother’s name was Sheresh. The sons of Peresh were Ulam and Rakem. 17 The son of Ulam was Bedan. All these were considered Gileadites, descendants of Makir son of Manasseh.
18 Makir’s sister Hammoleketh gave birth to Ishhod, Abiezer, and Mahlah.
19The sons of Shemida were Ahian, Shechem, Likhi, and Aniam.

Descendants of Ephraim

20 The descendants of Ephraim were Shuthelah, Bered, Tahath, Eleadah, Tahath, 21 Zabad, Shuthelah, Ezer, and Elead. These two were killed trying to steal livestock from the local farmers near Gath.

“There are thieves out there eyeing your cattle. It’s time we keep a close eye on them to help reduce cattle theft once and for all. That’s why we have created CATTLE WATCH™ and http://www.cattlewatch.com, a national program to raise awareness of cattle rustling, help educate producers to prevent theft and fraud, and assist in putting offenders away.”

22 Their father, Ephraim, mourned for them a long time, and his relatives came to comfort him. 23 Afterward Ephraim slept with his wife, and she became pregnant and gave birth to a son. Ephraim named him Beriah because of the tragedy his family had suffered. 24 He had a daughter named Sheerah. She built the towns of Lower and Upper Beth-horon and Uzzen-sheerah.
25 The descendants of Ephraim included Rephah, Resheph, Telah, Tahan, 26 Ladan, Ammihud, Elishama, 27Nun, and Joshua.

Joshua — one of the two faithful spies and after the death of Moses, the leader of the people and commander of the army of Israel. He led them across the Jordan and into the Promised Land by way of the city of Jericho. “As for me and my house, we will serve the Lord,” he said.

28 The descendants of Ephraim lived in the territory that included Bethel and its surrounding towns to the south, Naaran to the east, Gezer and its villages to the west, and Shechem and its surrounding villages to the north as far as Ayyah and its towns. 29 Along the border of Manasseh were the towns of Beth-shan, Taanach, Megiddo, Dor, and their surrounding villages. The descendants of Joseph son of Israel lived in these towns.

Descendants of Asher

30 The sons of Asher were Imnah, Ishvah, Ishvi, and Beriah. They had a sister named Serah.
31 The sons of Beriah were Heber and Malkiel (the father of Birzaith).
32 The sons of Heber were Japhlet, Shomer, and Hotham. They had a sister named Shua.
33 The sons of Japhlet were Pasach, Bimhal, and Ashvath.
34 The sons of Shomer were Ahi, Rohgah, Hubbah, and Aram.
35 The sons of his brother Helem were Zophah, Imna, Shelesh, and Amal.
36 The sons of Zophah were Suah, Harnepher, Shual, Beri, Imrah,

Oh, not this “beri”?

37 Bezer, Hod, Shamma, Shilshah, Ithran, and Beera.
38 The sons of Jether were Jephunneh, Pispah, and Ara.
39 The sons of Ulla were Arah, Hanniel, and Rizia.
40 Each of these descendants of Asher was the head of an ancestral clan. They were all select men—mighty warriors and outstanding leaders. The total number of men available for military service was 26,000, as listed in their genealogical records.



Speaking of mighty men and outstanding leaders — One stands out! There is power in His name!  HERE  Chris Tomlin sings “Name of Jesus.”


New Living Translation (NLT)   Holy Bible. New Living Translation copyright© 1996, 2004, 2007 by Tyndale House Foundation. Used by permission of Tyndale House Publishers Inc., Carol Stream, Illinois 60188. All rights reserved.

Images courtesy of:
Jesus name tag.    http://www.crossmyheartministry.com/2017/11/07/the-name-of-jesus/jesus-name/
map showing Issachar, Benjamin, Naphtali, Manasseh,  Ephraim, and Asher.    https://dwellingintheword.files.wordpress.com/2009/12/32-12tribes_map.gif
Ehud kills the king of Moab.    https://nwbible.wordpress.com/2011/07/18/the-left-handed-benjamite-and-the-fat-king/
DiLeo.     https://dwellingintheword.wordpress.com/2015/08/03/1631-numbers-36/
CattleWatch.     http://www.cattle-watch.com/
Israelites marching around the walls of Jericho.     https://dwellingintheword.files.wordpress.com/2011/05/jerichowalls1.jpg
strawberry.     http://www.winansdayton.net/wp-content/uploads/2011/01/Chocolate-Covered-Strawberries-21.jpg

2661.) 1 Chronicles 6

July 15, 2019

1 Chronicles 6 (NLT)

About these genealogies:

One important study finds nine different functions that genealogies have in the Old Testament (M. D. Johnson, The Purpose of Biblical Genealogies, Cambridge:  Cambridge University Press, 1969). In general, they can:  establish kinship between tribes or peoples; demonstrate the continuity of a people over long periods, supplementing historical narratives; confirm the legitimacy of a person in his office. The main function in Chronicles seems to be to show the continuity of the people of Israel from early times through to the period after the exile. In the case of Levi, they also support the legitimacy of the Levitical priests who served the second Jerusalem temple. They may also serve the theological purpose of asserting YHWH’s purposeful control of history.

It follows that biblical genealogies do not work like a visit to the Public Record Office.  They have a range of purposes according to the needs of those who use them. They may be changed and developed in accordance with their purpose. They are not necessarily historical sources in the sense that they might at first appear.

–Philip E. Satterthwaite and J. Gordan McConville, Exploring the Old Testament, 2007.

The Priestly Line

1 The sons of Levi were Gershon, Kohath, and Merari.
2 The descendants of Kohath included Amram, Izhar, Hebron, and Uzziel.
3 The children of Amram were Aaron, Moses, and Miriam.

Quite a set of siblings! — Moses the leader (I believe he is the one in the center), Aaron the priest (in priestly garments), and Miriam the prophet.

The sons of Aaron were Nadab, Abihu, Eleazar, and Ithamar.

Nadab and Abihu were killed for disobeying God.  Eleazar became the high priest after Aaron, and Ithamar was instrumental in organizing the worship services of the tabernacle.

4 Eleazar was the father of Phinehas.
Phinehas was the father of Abishua.
5 Abishua was the father of Bukki.
Bukki was the father of Uzzi.
6 Uzzi was the father of Zerahiah.
Zerahiah was the father of Meraioth.
7 Meraioth was the father of Amariah.
Amariah was the father of Ahitub.
8 Ahitub was the father of Zadok.
Zadok was the father of Ahimaaz.
9 Ahimaaz was the father of Azariah.
Azariah was the father of Johanan.
10 Johanan was the father of Azariah, the high priest at the Temple built by Solomon in Jerusalem.

The first temple, built by Solomon around 957 BCE, was destroyed by the Babylonian army at the time that Judah was taken into exile, 586 BCE.  Upon the return, Zerubbabel constructed a second (smaller) temple was built, about 516 BCE. Then during the time of Jesus, Herod embarked on a significant upgrade of the temple. That temple was destroyed when the Romans marched through in 70 CE. Now that spot is the location of the Dome of the Rock, built in 692. The picture above shows a closeup of the tile work on the mosque.

11 Azariah was the father of Amariah.
Amariah was the father of Ahitub.
12 Ahitub was the father of Zadok.
Zadok was the father of Shallum.
13 Shallum was the father of Hilkiah.
Hilkiah was the father of Azariah.
14 Azariah was the father of Seraiah.
Seraiah was the father of Jehozadak, 15who went into exile when the Lord sent the people of Judah and Jerusalem into captivity under Nebuchadnezzar.

According to pattern, the inspired historian saw the hand of God even in the great tragedy that still afflicted Judah at the time of writing Chronicles. It was not the Babylonian Empire that carried Judah and Jerusalem into captivity, but it was the LORD.

–David Guzik

The genealogy of Levi shows the priority of Aaron, for his descendants were priests, whereas the rest of the tribe of Levi took lesser roles in attending the sanctuary (Num. 3:5-10).  So all priests were Levites, but not all Levites were priests.

The Levite Clans

16 The sons of Levi were Gershon, Kohath, and Merari.
17 The descendants of Gershon included Libni and Shimei.
18 The descendants of Kohath included Amram, Izhar, Hebron, and Uzziel.
19The descendants of Merari included Mahli and Mushi.

The following were the Levite clans, listed according to their ancestral descent:

20 The descendants of Gershon included Libni, Jahath, Zimmah, 21 Joah, Iddo, Zerah, and Jeatherai.
22 The descendants of Kohath included Amminadab, Korah, Assir, 23 Elkanah, Abiasaph, Assir, 24 Tahath, Uriel, Uzziah, and Shaul.
25 The descendants of Elkanah included Amasai, Ahimoth, 26 Elkanah, Zophai, Nahath, 27 Eliab, Jeroham, Elkanah, and Samuel.

Samuel was the last judge of Israel and with the reigns of Saul and David, the first prophet.

28 The sons of Samuel were Joel (the older) and Abijah (the second).
29 The descendants of Merari included Mahli, Libni, Shimei, Uzzah, 30 Shimea, Haggiah, and Asaiah.

The Temple Musicians

31 David assigned the following men to lead the music at the house of the Lord after the Ark was placed there. 32 They ministered with music at the Tabernacle until Solomon built the Temple of the Lord in Jerusalem. They carried out their work, following all the regulations handed down to them. 33These are the men who served, along with their sons:

Heman the musician was from the clan of Kohath.

This man is mentioned several times in connection with temple worship in the days of David and Solomon (1 Chronicles 15:17-19, 16:41-42, 25:1-7, 2 Chronicles 5:12-13). He was an important part of the ceremonies connected with bringing the ark of the covenant to Jerusalem and the dedication of the temple.

Psalm 88 is attributed to Heman: A Song. A Psalm of the sons of Korah. To the Chief Musician. Set to “Mahalath Leannoth.” A Contemplation [Maschil] of Heman the Ezrahite.

–David Guzik

His genealogy was traced back through Joel, Samuel, 34 Elkanah, Jeroham, Eliel, Toah, 35 Zuph, Elkanah, Mahath, Amasai, 36 Elkanah, Joel, Azariah, Zephaniah, 37 Tahath, Assir, Abiasaph, Korah, 38 Izhar, Kohath, Levi, and Israel.
39 Heman’s first assistant was Asaph from the clan of Gershon. Asaph’s genealogy was traced back through Berekiah, Shimea, 40 Michael, Baaseiah, Malkijah, 41 Ethni, Zerah, Adaiah, 42 Ethan, Zimmah, Shimei, 43 Jahath, Gershon, and Levi.
44 Heman’s second assistant was Ethan from the clan of Merari. Ethan’s genealogy was traced back through Kishi, Abdi, Malluch, 45 Hashabiah, Amaziah, Hilkiah, 46 Amzi, Bani, Shemer, 47 Mahli, Mushi, Merari, and Levi.

48 Their fellow Levites were appointed to various other tasks in the Tabernacle, the house of God.

The Levites served God in almost every conceivable way, both practical and spiritual in appearance. Every kind of service is important and precious to God.

–David Guzik



I have been a church musician for decades. And I love working with talented, dedicated people who want to give God glory and praise, with excellence, Sunday after Sunday! Thank you to all true-hearted church musicians out there! So in their honor —  HERE  is Psalm 147 sung as from the Scottish Psalter of 1620 — one of the famous metrical psalms. Sung by Jason Coghill. (How he got started:  The church he attended, Presbyterian Church of Eastern Australia, had a tradition of singing unaccompanied psalms in public worship.)

Who knows how this psalm was sung originally in the temple — but this is a beautiful rendition.


Aaron’s Descendants

49Only Aaron and his descendants served as priests. They presented the offerings on the altar of burnt offering and the altar of incense, and they performed all the other duties related to the Most Holy Place. They made atonement for Israel by doing everything that Moses, the servant of God, had commanded them.

Jesus is a priest of a higher order, as Hebrews 7 clearly explains:

Jesus became a priest, not by meeting the physical requirement of belonging to the tribe of Levi, but by the power of a life that cannot be destroyed. And the psalmist pointed this out when he prophesied, “You are a priest forever in the order of Melchizedek.” . . .

There were many priests under the old system, for death prevented them from remaining in office. But because Jesus lives forever, his priesthood lasts forever. Therefore he is able, once and forever, to save those who come to God through him. He lives forever to intercede with God on their behalf.

He is the kind of high priest we need because he is holy and blameless, unstained by sin. He has been set apart from sinners and has been given the highest place of honor in heaven.  Unlike those other high priests, he does not need to offer sacrifices every day. They did this for their own sins first and then for the sins of the people. But Jesus did this once for all when he offered himself as the sacrifice for the people’s sins.  The law appointed high priests who were limited by human weakness. But after the law was given, God appointed his Son with an oath, and his Son has been made the perfect High Priest forever.

(verses 16-17, 23-28)

50 The descendants of Aaron were Eleazar, Phinehas, Abishua, 51 Bukki, Uzzi, Zerahiah, 52 Meraioth, Amariah, Ahitub, 53 Zadok, and Ahimaaz.

Territory for the Levites

The tribe of Levi was not granted a single province of the land, as the other tribes received. Rather, they lived in settlements allocated to them in the territories of the other tribes throughout the land—towns and pasturelands. This arrangement allowed them to lead and assist all the people in their worship of the Lord God.

54 This is a record of the towns and territory assigned by means of sacred lots to the descendants of Aaron, who were from the clan of Kohath. 55 This territory included Hebron and its surrounding pasturelands in Judah, 56 but the fields and outlying areas belonging to the city were given to Caleb son of Jephunneh. 57 So the descendants of Aaron were given the following towns, each with its pasturelands: Hebron (a city of refuge), Libnah, Jattir, Eshtemoa, 58 Holon, Debir, 59 Ain, Juttah, and Beth-shemesh. 60 And from the territory of Benjamin they were given Gibeon, Geba, Alemeth, and Anathoth, each with its pasturelands. So thirteen towns were given to the descendants of Aaron. 61The remaining descendants of Kohath received ten towns from the territory of the half-tribe of Manasseh by means of sacred lots.

62 The descendants of Gershon received by sacred lots thirteen towns from the territories of Issachar, Asher, Naphtali, and from the Bashan area of Manasseh, east of the Jordan.

63 The descendants of Merari received by sacred lots twelve towns from the territories of Reuben, Gad, and Zebulun.

64 So the people of Israel assigned all these towns and pasturelands to the Levites. 65 The towns in the territories of Judah, Simeon, and Benjamin, mentioned above, were assigned to them by means of sacred lots.

66 The descendants of Kohath were given the following towns from the territory of Ephraim, each with its pasturelands: 67 Shechem (a city of refuge in the hill country of Ephraim), Gezer, 68 Jokmeam, Beth-horon, 69 Aijalon, and Gath-rimmon. 70 The remaining descendants of Kohath were assigned the towns of Aner and Bileam from the territory of the half-tribe of Manasseh, each with its pasturelands.

71 The descendants of Gershon received the towns of Golan (in Bashan) and Ashtaroth from the territory of the half-tribe of Manasseh, each with its pasturelands. 72 From the territory of Issachar, they were given Kedesh, Daberath, 73 Ramoth, and Anem, each with its pasturelands. 74 From the territory of Asher, they received Mashal, Abdon, 75 Hukok, and Rehob, each with its pasturelands. 76 From the territory of Naphtali, they were given Kedesh in Galilee, Hammon, and Kiriathaim, each with its pasturelands.

77 The remaining descendants of Merari received the towns of Jokneam, Kartah, Rimmon, and Tabor from the territory of Zebulun, each with its pasturelands. 78 From the territory of Reuben, east of the Jordan River opposite Jericho, they received Bezer (a desert town), Jahaz, 79 Kedemoth, and Mephaath, each with its pasturelands. 80 And from the territory of Gad, they received Ramoth in Gilead, Mahanaim, 81 Heshbon, and Jazer, each with its pasturelands.


New Living Translation (NLT)   Holy Bible. New Living Translation copyright© 1996, 2004, 2007 by Tyndale House Foundation. Used by permission of Tyndale House Publishers Inc., Carol Stream, Illinois 60188. All rights reserved.

Images courtesy of:
family tree template.   https://genealogy.lovetoknow.com/image/204405~familytree_crop.jpg
Amram’s children.   https://twitter.com/israelunite/status/454988123953717248
tiles of the Dome of the rock.    http://www.linearconcepts.com/photos/2007-Israel/DSC_4262_tilework.JPG
Aaron as High Priest.    https://dwellingintheword.files.wordpress.com/2011/05/highpriest.jpg
Jesus as High Priest.     https://dwellingintheword.files.wordpress.com/2011/05/jesus-high-priest.jpg?w=450
pasture (in Australia).    https://dwellingintheword.files.wordpress.com/2010/06/21-pasture-australia.jpg?w=438&h=290

2660.) 1 Chronicles 5

July 12, 2019

1 Chronicles 5 (NLT)

The tribes of Reuben, Gad, and the half-tribe of Manasseh belong together, as they are the tribes who first possessed the land, allotted to them on the east side of the Jordan, by Moses (Deut. 3:12-17; Josh. 13:15-33). Their record here contains reports of wars fought to control their territory, as well as information about their fall when Israel was conquered by the king of Assyria.

Descendants of Reuben

Oh, not this Reuben.

1 The oldest son of Israel was Reuben. But since he dishonored his father by sleeping with one of his father’s concubines, his birthright was given to the sons of his brother Joseph. For this reason, Reuben is not listed in the genealogical records as the firstborn son. 2The descendants of Judah became the most powerful tribe and provided a ruler for the nation, but the birthright belonged to Joseph.

3 The sons of Reuben, the oldest son of Israel, were Hanoch, Pallu, Hezron, and Carmi.
4 The descendants of Joel were Shemaiah, Gog, Shimei, 5 Micah, Reaiah, Baal, 6 and Beerah. Beerah was the leader of the Reubenites when they were taken into captivity by King Tiglath-pileser of Assyria.
7 Beerah’s relatives are listed in their genealogical records by their clans: Jeiel (the leader), Zechariah, 8 and Bela son of Azaz, son of Shema, son of Joel.
The Reubenites lived in the area that stretches from Aroer to Nebo and Baal-meon. 9 And since they had so many livestock in the land of Gilead, they spread east toward the edge of the desert that stretches to the Euphrates River.
10 During the reign of Saul, the Reubenites defeated the Hagrites in battle. Then they moved into the Hagrite settlements all along the eastern edge of Gilead.

Descendants of Gad

Oh, not this GAD.

11 Next to the Reubenites, the descendants of Gad lived in the land of Bashan as far east as Salecah. 12 Joel was the leader in the land of Bashan, and Shapham was second-in-command, followed by Janai and Shaphat.
13 Their relatives, the leaders of seven other clans, were Michael, Meshullam, Sheba, Jorai, Jacan, Zia, and Eber. 14 These were all descendants of Abihail son of Huri, son of Jaroah, son of Gilead, son of Michael, son of Jeshishai, son of Jahdo, son of Buz. 15Ahi son of Abdiel, son of Guni, was the leader of their clans.

16 The Gadites lived in the land of Gilead, in Bashan and its villages, and throughout all the pasturelands of Sharon. 17 All of these were listed in the genealogical records during the days of King Jotham of Judah and King Jeroboam of Israel.

The Tribes East of the Jordan

18 There were 44,760 capable warriors in the armies of Reuben, Gad, and the half-tribe of Manasseh. They were all skilled in combat and armed with shields, swords, and bows. 19 They waged war against the Hagrites, the Jeturites, the Naphishites, and the Nodabites. 20 They cried out to God during the battle, and he answered their prayer because they trusted in him. So the Hagrites and all their allies were defeated. 21 The plunder taken from the Hagrites included 50,000 camels, 250,000 sheep and goats, 2,000 donkeys, and 100,000 captives. 22Many of the Hagrites were killed in the battle because God was fighting against them. The people of Reuben, Gad, and Manasseh lived in their land until they were taken into exile.

Note that although the warriors are “all skilled in combat” and well armed, the Chronicler gives the credit for the victory to God, to whom they had prayed. As Psalm 20:7 says, “Some trust in chariots and some in horses, but we trust in the name of the Lord our God.”

23 The half-tribe of Manasseh was very large and spread through the land from Bashan to Baal-hermon, Senir, and Mount Hermon. 24 These were the leaders of their clans: Epher, Ishi, Eliel, Azriel, Jeremiah, Hodaviah, and Jahdiel. These men had a great reputation as mighty warriors and leaders of their clans.

25 But these tribes were unfaithful to the God of their ancestors. They worshiped the gods of the nations that God had destroyed. 26 So the God of Israel caused King Pul of Assyria (also known as Tiglath-pileser) to invade the land and take away the people of Reuben, Gad, and the half-tribe of Manasseh as captives. The Assyrians exiled them to Halah, Habor, Hara, and the Gozan River, where they remain to this day.



HERE  is Esther Mui singing Isaiah 43:1-3 — “Fear not, for I have redeemed you; I have called you by your name; you are mine.” In all these lists of names, the Lord knows who are his own!


New Living Translation (NLT)   Holy Bible. New Living Translation copyright© 1996, 2004, 2007 by Tyndale House Foundation. Used by permission of Tyndale House Publishers Inc., Carol Stream, Illinois 60188. All rights reserved.

Images courtesy of:
Isaiah 43:1.    http://homesanctuary.typepad.com/.a/6a00d8341cc30c53ef00e553ce7cc58833-500wi
map showing Reuben, Gad, and Manasseh.    https://dwellingintheword.files.wordpress.com/2009/12/32-12tribes_map.gif
reuben sandwich.    https://dunnsfamousrockland.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/03/DUNNS-ROCKLAND-FRENCH-MENU-MAR18.compressed.pdf
Generalized anxiety Disorder.   https://theskillcollective.com/worry-or-gad
Roman chariot.    http://www.estatevaults.com/bol/chariot-roman.jpg
cross — I have called you by name.  https://s3.amazonaws.com/cdn.autom.com/images/uploads/3458_45496_popup.jpg

2659.) 1 Chronicles 4

July 11, 2019

1 Chronicles 4 (NLT)

Other Descendants of Judah

About these genealogies:

The first nine chapters of 1 Chronicles contain genealogies from Adam to the time of Ezra, or the postexilic period.

Why record these in such detail?

Halley’s Bible Handbook notes: “The most important and precious of all promises was that the World’s Saviour would come in David’s family. The central interest of these genealogies is their tracing the descent of David’s line (see Matthew 1:1-17). Most of the genealogies are incomplete, with many breaks in the lists. But the main line is there. These nine chapters of genealogies form the generation-to-generation tie-up of all preceding Biblical history. These … are the skeleton framework of the Old Testament, the thing that binds the whole Bible together, and gives it unity, and makes it look like real HISTORY, not legend.”

1 The descendants of Judah were Perez, Hezron, Carmi, Hur, and Shobal.
2 Shobal’s son Reaiah was the father of Jahath. Jahath was the father of Ahumai and Lahad. These were the families of the Zorathites.
3 The descendants of Etam were Jezreel, Ishma, Idbash, their sister Hazzelelponi, 4 Penuel (the father of Gedor), and Ezer (the father of Hushah). These were the descendants of Hur (the firstborn of Ephrathah), the ancestor of Bethlehem.
5 Ashhur (the father of Tekoa) had two wives, named Helah and Naarah. 6 Naarah gave birth to Ahuzzam, Hepher, Temeni, and Haahashtari. 7 Helah gave birth to Zereth, Izhar, Ethnan, 8 and Koz, who became the ancestor of Anub, Zobebah, and all the families of Aharhel son of Harum.

“The Prayer of Jabez” by Michael Dudash

9 There was a man named Jabez who was more honorable than any of his brothers. His mother named him Jabez because his birth had been so painful. 10 He was the one who prayed to the God of Israel, “Oh, that you would bless me and expand my territory! Please be with me in all that I do, and keep me from all trouble and pain!” And God granted him his request.

from The Prayer of Jabez,
by Bruce Wilkinson

“Oh, that you would bless me indeed”

To bless in the biblical sense means to ask for or to impart supernatural favor. When we ask for God’s blessing, we’re not asking for more of what we could get for ourselves. We’re crying out for the wonderful, unlimited goodness that only God has the power to know about or give to us. This kind of richness is what the writer was referring to in Proverbs:  “The Lord’s blessing is our greatest wealth; all our work adds nothing to it” (Proverbs 10:22, TLB).

Notice a radical aspect of Jabez’s request for blessing:  He left it entirely up to God to decide what the blessings would be and where, when, and how Jabez would receive them. This kind of radical trust in God’s good intentions toward us has nothing in common with the popular gospel that you should ask God for a Cadillac, a six-figure income, or some other material sign that you have found a way to cash in on your connection with Him. Instead, the Jabez blessing focuses like a laser on our wanting for ourselves nothing more and nothing less that what God wants for us.

“and enlarge my territory”

Whatever our gifts, education, or vocation night be, our calling is to do God’s work on earth. If you want, you can call it living out your faith for others. You can call it ministry. You can call it every Christian’s day job. But whatever you call it, God is looking for people who want to do more of it, because sadly, most believers seem to shrink from living at this level of blessing and influence. 

For most of us, our reluctance comes from getting our numbers right, but our arithmetic completely wrong. For example, when we’re deciding what size territory God has in mind for us, we keep an equation in our heart that adds up something like this:

My abilities + experience + training
+ my personality and appearance
+ my past +  the expectation of others
= my assigned territory.

But God says, “Not by might nor by power but by My Spirit” (Zechariah 4:6). Our God specializes in working through normal people who believe in a super-normal God who will do His work through them. What He’s waiting for is the invitation. That means God’s math would look more like this:

My willingness and weakness
+ God’s will and supernatural power
= my expanding territory.

When you start asking in earnest—begging—for more influence and responsibility with which to honor Him, God will bring opportunities and people into your path.

“that your hand would be with me”

It’s a frightening and utterly exhilarating truth that as God’s chosen, blessed sons and daughters, we are expected to attempt something large enough that failure is guaranteed . . . unless God steps in. Take a minute to prayerfully try to comprehend how contrary that truth is to everything you would humanly choose:

  • It goes against common sense.
  • It contradicts your previous life experience.
  • It seems to disregard your feelings, training, and need for security.
  • It sets you up to look like a fool and a loser.

With that, we are forced into dependence on God. And God’s hand upon you will be “the touch of greatness.” You do not become great; you become dependent on the strong hand of God. Your surrendered need turns into His unlimited opportunity. And He becomes great through you.

“and keep me from evil”

Without a temptation, we would not sin. Most of us face too many temptations—and therefore sin too often—because we don’t ask God to lead us away from temptation. We make a huge spiritual leap forward, therefore, when we begin to focus less on beating temptation and more on avoiding it.

In the model prayer Jesus gave his followers, nearly a quarter of its fifty words ask for deliverance:  “And do not lead us into temptation, but deliver us from the evil one” (Matthew 6:13). Nothing about spiritual insight or special powers. Not a word about confrontation.

Do you believe that a supernatural God is going to show up to keep you from evil and protect your spiritual investment? Jabez did believe, and he acted on his belief. Thereafter his life was spared from the grief and pain that evil brings.

Paul told the Colossians that God had made them “alive together with [Christ]” and that having “disarmed principalities and powers, He made a public spectacle of them, triumphing over them in [the cross]” (Colossians 2:13, 15).

What an amazing declaration of victory! Through Christ, we can live in triumph—not in temptation or defeat.



I like the prayer of Jabez. But even more, I like the prayer of Jesus. “The Lord’s Prayer” is performed  HERE  by the Mormon Tabernacle Choir and Andrea Bocelli.


11 Kelub (the brother of Shuhah) was the father of Mehir. Mehir was the father of Eshton. 12 Eshton was the father of Beth-rapha, Paseah, and Tehinnah. Tehinnah was the father of Ir-nahash. These were the descendants of Recah.
13 The sons of Kenaz were Othniel and Seraiah. Othniel’s sons were Hathath and Meonothai. 14 Meonothai was the father of Ophrah. Seraiah was the father of Joab, the founder of the Valley of Craftsmen, so called because they were craftsmen.
15 The sons of Caleb son of Jephunneh were Iru, Elah, and Naam. The son of Elah was Kenaz.

Caleb was one of the twelve spies sent into the Promised Land by Moses. He and Joshua returned with faith that the Lord would enable them to conquer Canaan; the other ten spies were negative. His encouraging story is found in Numbers 13-14 and Joshua 14-15.

16 The sons of Jehallelel were Ziph, Ziphah, Tiria, and Asarel.
17 The sons of Ezrah were Jether, Mered, Epher, and Jalon. One of Mered’s wives became the mother of Miriam, Shammai, and Ishbah (the father of Eshtemoa). 18 He married a woman from Judah, who became the mother of Jered (the father of Gedor), Heber (the father of Soco), and Jekuthiel (the father of Zanoah). Mered also married Bithia, a daughter of Pharaoh, and she bore him children.
19 Hodiah’s wife was the sister of Naham. One of her sons was the father of Keilah the Garmite, and another was the father of Eshtemoa the Maacathite.
20 The sons of Shimon were Amnon, Rinnah, Ben-hanan, and Tilon.
The descendants of Ishi were Zoheth and Ben-zoheth.

Descendants of Judah’s Son Shelah

21 Shelah was one of Judah’s sons. The descendants of Shelah were Er (the father of Lecah); Laadah (the father of Mareshah); the families of linen workers at Beth-ashbea; 22 Jokim; the men of Cozeba; and Joash and Saraph, who ruled over Moab and Jashubi-lehem. These names all come from ancient records. 23They were the pottery makers who lived in Netaim and Gederah. They lived there and worked for the king.

Since the broad focus of these chapters is to point to the tribe of Judah and especially to the family of David, these receive special mention because they worked for the king and lived with the king. Charles Spurgeon preached a wonderful sermon on this verse, with four points under the title With the King for His Work!

Our King has many kinds of servants. He has soldiers, watchmen, heralds, scribes, musicians, house servants, gardeners, servants for the children. We should therefore value the different servants and understand and value our own place of service.

All who live with our King must work. “They did not live on the king’s bounty and dwell on the king’s country estates to do nothing, but they dwelt there for his work. I do not know whether all that call my Master ‘Lord’ have caught this idea. I have thought that some of our church members imagine that the cause of Christ was a coach, and that they were to ride on it, and that they would prefer the box seat.”

Those that work for the King ought to live with Him. “Now, those that live with Jesus Christ have a sort of secret alphabet between themselves and him. Oftentimes when a Christian man does the right thing . . . Do you know why he had that knack? He lived with his Master, so he knew what you knew not. He knew the meaning of his Master’s eye, and it guided him.”

We are working for the King. “And after you have received Christ then you shall go forth and serve him. Put out an empty hand and receive Christ into it by a little faith, and then go and serve him, and the Lord bless you henceforth and for ever.”

–David Guzik

Descendants of Simeon

24 The sons of Simeon were Jemuel, Jamin, Jarib, Zohar, and Shaul.
25 The descendants of Shaul were Shallum, Mibsam, and Mishma.
26 The descendants of Mishma were Hammuel, Zaccur, and Shimei.
27 Shimei had sixteen sons and six daughters, but none of his brothers had large families. So Simeon’s tribe never grew as large as the tribe of Judah.
28 They lived in Beersheba, Moladah, Hazar-shual, 29 Bilhah, Ezem, Tolad, 30 Bethuel, Hormah, Ziklag, 31 Beth-marcaboth, Hazar-susim, Beth-biri, and Shaaraim. These towns were under their control until the time of King David. 32 Their descendants also lived in Etam, Ain, Rimmon, Token, and Ashan—five towns 33 and their surrounding villages as far away as Baalath. This was their territory, and these names are listed in their genealogical records.
34 Other descendants of Simeon included Meshobab, Jamlech, Joshah son of Amaziah, 35 Joel, Jehu son of Joshibiah, son of Seraiah, son of Asiel, 36 Elioenai, Jaakobah, Jeshohaiah, Asaiah, Adiel, Jesimiel, Benaiah, 37and Ziza son of Shiphi, son of Allon, son of Jedaiah, son of Shimri, son of Shemaiah.

38 These were the names of some of the leaders of Simeon’s wealthy clans. Their families grew, 39 and they traveled to the region of Gerar, in the east part of the valley, seeking pastureland for their flocks. 40 They found lush pastures there, and the land was quiet and peaceful.

Some of Ham’s descendants had been living in that region. 41 But during the reign of King Hezekiah of Judah, these leaders of Simeon invaded the region and completely destroyed the homes of the descendants of Ham and of the Meunites. No trace of them remains today. They killed everyone who lived there and took the land for themselves, because they wanted its good pastureland for their flocks. 42 Five hundred of these invaders from the tribe of Simeon went to Mount Seir, led by Pelatiah, Neari-ah, Rephaiah, and Uzziel—all sons of Ishi. 43 They destroyed the few Amalekites who had survived, and they have lived there ever since.


New Living Translation (NLT)   Holy Bible. New Living Translation copyright© 1996, 2004, 2007 by Tyndale House Foundation. Used by permission of Tyndale House Publishers Inc., Carol Stream, Illinois 60188. All rights reserved.

Images courtesy of:
prayer of Jabez.     https://dwellingintheword.files.wordpress.com/2011/05/prayer_jabez1.gif
Dudash.    https://groundedbygrace.files.wordpress.com/2013/05/jabez-by-micahel-dudash.jpg
spies.    https://dwellingintheword.files.wordpress.com/2011/05/tenspiespicture.jpg
pottery making.    https://osakachurch.files.wordpress.com/2012/05/pottery3.jpg

2658.) 1 Chronicles 3

July 10, 2019

1 Chronicles 3 (NLT)

Descendants of David

About these genealogies:

The book of Chronicles was written soon after the exile in order to help those returning to Israel understand how to worship God. It was written after the destruction of Jerusalem, posing the question, “Why did God choose to punish His people in such a way?” The answer is found in history, and it is beneficial to learn from others’ mistakes so that we will not repeat them.

As we go through the initial chapters of 1 Chronicles, the following thoughts come to mind:

  • God knows every person who has ever lived in this earth. He knows each of us by name, and we are not just a faceless number to him. He is intimately concerned with our welfare and we should never feel insignificant. As the Psalmist has exclaimed: “How precious also are Your thoughts to me, O God! How great is the sum of them! If I should count them, they would be more in number than the sand…” (Psalms 139:17-18)
  • God records all our activities in His book of remembrance. “Then those who feared the LORD spoke to one another, and the LORD listened and heard them; so a book of remembrance was written before Him for those who fear the LORD and who meditate on His name.” (Malachi 3:16). We have to be very careful how we act, and speak every day.
  • God is working on a plan throughout history. As we see the names of people recorded for each generation in Chronicles, there is a distinct pattern that can be traced:  from Adam to Abraham through Seth, and thereafter on to David through Israel. It is obvious that God is creating a family tree for His Son Jesus Christ to be born in due time.

–Shibu Cherian

1These are the sons of David who were born in Hebron:

The oldest was Amnon, whose mother was Ahinoam from Jezreel.
The second was Daniel, whose mother was Abigail from Carmel.

“The Meeting of David and Abigail” by Peter Paul Rubens, 1630 (National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C.)

Abigail — a gracious and capable woman who won David’s heart. Read her story in 1 Samuel 25.

2 The third was Absalom, whose mother was Maacah, the daughter of Talmai, king of Geshur.

Absalom — whereas David’s sins brought him back to God, Absalom sinned and kept on sinning, rebelling against his father the king. His story is told is 2 Samuel 3:3, 13-19.

The fourth was Adonijah, whose mother was Haggith.
3 The fifth was Shephatiah, whose mother was Abital.
The sixth was Ithream, whose mother was Eglah, David’s wife.
4 These six sons were born to David in Hebron, where he reigned seven and a half years.

Then David reigned another thirty-three years in Jerusalem. 5 The sons born to David in Jerusalem included Shammua, Shobab, Nathan, and Solomon. Their mother was Bathsheba, the daughter of Ammiel.

“Deliberately” by Henri Lindegaard, 2003

Bathsheba — a close connection to Israel’s two greatest kings, as the lover/wife of King David (see Psalm 51 for David’s cry of repentance) and the mother of King Solomon. Her story is found in 2 Samuel 11-12 and 1 Kings 1-2.

6 David also had nine other sons: Ibhar, Elishua, Elpelet, 7 Nogah, Nepheg, Japhia, 8 Elishama, Eliada, and Eliphelet.

9 These were the sons of David, not including his sons born to his concubines. Their sister was named Tamar.

Tamar’s tragic story is found in 2 Samuel 13-14. Her half-brother, Amnon, raped her, her full-brother, Absalom, told her to keep it secret, and her father, David, did not defend her.

Descendants of Solomon

Many of Solomon’s descendants were kings of Judah.

10 The descendants of Solomon were Rehoboam, Abijah, Asa, Jehoshaphat, 11 Jehoram, Ahaziah, Joash, 12 Amaziah, Uzziah, Jotham, 13 Ahaz, Hezekiah, Manasseh, 14 Amon, and Josiah.
15 The sons of Josiah were Johanan (the oldest), Jehoiakim (the second), Zedekiah (the third), and Jehoahaz (the fourth).
16The successors of Jehoiakim were his son Jehoiachin and his brother Zedekiah.

Descendants of Jehoiachin

17 The sons of Jehoiachin, who was taken prisoner by the Babylonians, were Shealtiel, 18 Malkiram, Pedaiah, Shenazzar, Jekamiah, Hoshama, and Nedabiah.
19 The sons of Pedaiah were Zerubbabel and Shimei.

Zerubbabel led the first exiles to return to Jerusalem from Babylon. He oversaw the rebuilding of the temple, since the Babylonians had burned Solomon’s temple.

The sons of Zerubbabel were Meshullam and Hananiah. (Their sister was Shelomith.) 20 His five other sons were Hashubah, Ohel, Berekiah, Hasadiah, and Jushab-hesed.
21 The sons of Hananiah were Pelatiah and Jeshaiah. Jeshaiah’s son was Rephaiah. Rephaiah’s son was Arnan. Arnan’s son was Obadiah. Obadiah’s son was Shecaniah.
22 The descendants of Shecaniah were Shemaiah and his sons, Hattush, Igal, Bariah, Neari-ah, and Shaphat—six in all.
23 The sons of Neari-ah were Elioenai, Hizkiah, and Azrikam—three in all.
24 The sons of Elioenai were Hodaviah, Eliashib, Pelaiah, Akkub, Johanan, Delaiah, and Anani—seven in all.



When we think of what King David left behind as a legacy (besides his descendants), we cannot help but think of his poetic and musical abilities, his many wonderful psalms for us to use in our own life’s journey all these years later. For many people, David’s Psalm 23 is a favorite.  HERE  it is, sung by the Brooklyn Tabernacle Choir, beautifully done.


New Living Translation (NLT)   Holy Bible. New Living Translation copyright© 1996, 2004, 2007 by Tyndale House Foundation. Used by permission of Tyndale House Publishers Inc., Carol Stream, Illinois 60188. All rights reserved.

Images courtesy of:
the family of David.   https://jesuslovesyoutoday.org/bible_study_pictures_and_notes/1_chronicles_1-3
Rubens.     http://static.artbible.info/large/rubens_david_abigail_nga.jpg
Absalom caught in a tree by his long hair.   https://dwellingintheword.files.wordpress.com/2011/05/absalom.jpg
Lindegaard.     https://dwellingintheword.files.wordpress.com/2011/05/20-lindegaard-avec-premeditation-02.jpg
Tamar runs from Amnon’s room.    http://www.free-stories.net/images/storyofamnonandtamar.jpg
Zerubbabel rebuilding the temple.     http://www.templeinstitute.org/gallery_images/building_altar_gallery.jpg